This is a transcription of the Poole Family Manuscript. Written by Charles H. Poole.  The manuscript resides at the New England Historic Genealogical Society at 99 Newbury Street, Boston.   The document is in fragile shape and only available through the efforts of Barbara Poole. It was transcribed by Barry Briggs.  My notes are in brackets: []. 


The front cover is simply POOLE printed by hand with the date Dec 27 1945 stamped in the upper right corner.  The Endpaper has a New England Historic Genealogical Society sticker crediting donation by William P. Greenlaw of Winthrop, Massachusetts, February 14, 1916, and “Property of Society Dec. 27, 1945 on death of Mr. Greenlaw”.

[ This was originally written by Charles H. Poole about 1876 (see page 134).  Charles Hubbard Poole was born Dec. 12, 1835 died ???]

The flyleaf is as follows:


of the

P O O L E   F A M I L Y

And particularly the descendants of


In the


By Charles H. Poole.

[there are handwritten notes on this page]

Page 1


Of Cambridge and Reading, and his descendants.


The earliest record we have of John Poole in America is that he was an inhabitant of Cambridge, then Newtown in 1632.  Holmes says, “The Deputy Governor, Dudley, Secretary Bradstreet and other principal gentlemen in the spring of 1631, commenced the execution of the plan of building a town at Cambridge, (then named Newtown)”.  No list of the inhabitants is found until after the “Braintrey Company” arrived in the summer of 1632, except this memorandum on the title page of the Cambridge Town Records:  “The Town Book of Newtowne: Inhabitants there: Mr. Thomas Dudley, Esq., Mr. Lyneon Bradstreet, Mr. Edwards Lockwood, Mr. Daniel Patricke, John Poole, Wm. Spencer, John Kirman, Lyneon Sackett”.  But this book of records was not commenced until 1632, several months after Dudley and Bradstreet performed their promise to “to build houses at the New Town”.  John Poole probably remained here only a few months, as he is not named in the list of proprietors in 1633.  He doubtless removed to Billerica in the autumn of 1632.  Joseph Champney settled there at about this time, and there is strong probability that Mr. Poole was allied to him by marriage.  The Braintrey Company, alluded to, first settled at Mount Wollaston, near Dorchester, but removed


Page 2


“by order of court” to New Town, on Charles River with Rev. Mr. Hooker, who with most of his associates became dissatisfied with the lack of sufficient land granted them, and emigrated to Connecticut. Rev. Thomas Shepard with a new Company, arrived from England and purchased the land and houses of those who left.  He came from Harwich in the “Defence” having with him “Brothers Champney, Frost, Goffe, and divers others most dear Saints”.  They landed Oct. 3, 1635.  John and Richard Champney, who were of this company, were probably brothers of near relations of Joseph Champney of Billerica, the settler of that place three years before.  It is probable he was one of the company which came over with Governor Winthrop in 1630 – l, of whom a considerable number who had previously landed at Salem, proceeded to a place on Charles River, at the present site of Cambridge, and established there a permanent settlement.  He resided here, or a Billerica, a few miles north of Cambridge, until his removal at some time previous to 1635 to Lynn, which then with its outlying territory embraced the towns of Reading, Wakefield, Lynnfield and parts of Saugus, Woburn and Chelsea.

A house now standing on the road from Saugus to Lynnfield, (1876) not far from Saugus River bearing marks of great antiquity, is believed to have been built by John Poole in 1636, not far from the place where Adam Hawkes, the first settler in the wilderness, had


Page 3


settled according to the tradition in the year 1630, and on a map by Alonzo Lewis of 1829 the two houses are represented bearing those dates, being situated in North Saugus, then a part of Lynn, (see map).

In 1639 some of the inhabitants of Lynn petitioned the colonial authorities for a grant of lands for a plantation “at the head of their bounds”, and in response to their application were allowed a tract four miles square on the condition “that a village may be established fit to contain a convenient number of inhabitants which may in due time have a church there”.  The settlement was at once commenced under this authority and was named “Lynn Village”, and was so designated until 1644, when by order of the general court it was called “Redding”.  “The town of Reading was originally so named from the City of Reading in England (County of Berks) for that reason, it is said, that John Poole, one of our earliest and wealthiest settlers came from that city. This John Poole, in honor of those whose birthplace the name of Reading was adopted, was the first settler upon that identical spot now (1871) owned by Cyrus Wakefield, Esq., his successor, in honor of whom we this day assume our new name (Wakefield) and is the place now occupied by the extensive “rattan factory”.  This John Poole built the first grain and saw mills of the town and like his latest successor, was its richest citizen” – Eaton’s Wakefield Address.


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Five years after the grant was made, there being the requisite number of seven resident families, provided with substantial habitations, and a small church or meeting house erected, the village became an incorporated town under its new name, and John Poole, being one of the seven heads of families, and also one of the most enterprising and the wealthiest member of the little community, naturally exercised a controlling influence in its affairs.  He devoted his energies to the material prosperity of the new settlement, erected mills for the use of the inhabitants, and besides the grants of land which he received in recognition of his services to the town, was the recipient of various privileges which enabled him to add greatly to his wealth.  His landed property at Lynn was considerable, the records of that town showing that in 1638, the following persons, among others receiving smaller amounts were granted lands.

Rt. Hon. Lord Brock                                                              800 acres.

John Poole                                                                               200 acres

Widow Bancroft                                                                     100 acres

Thomas Halsye                                                                        100 acres.

Thomas Townsend                                                                  60 acres

Godfrey Armitage                                                                  60 acres

Joseph Armitage                                                                     60 acres.

William Cowdery                                                                    60 acres.

            In the same year in the list of tax payers of Lynn includes his name, his tax amounting to one pound

Page 5


fifteens shillings sterling, levied probably upon his dwelling and personal property, and not upon the above grant.  The tax levy was eighty pounds and his was the largest tax paid.

            In the oldest existing town records of Reading are the minutes of an agreement made between him and the inhabitants, whereof this is a verbatim copy.

[in this section quotes were used at the beginning of each line – I think to indicate continuation of a quoted section – see original.  Since the formatting of the page of the original is different, I have put the quote mark at the beginning of each paragraph only.]


            “1644.  Agreement with John Poole to set up a corn miil.. [sic.]


“Articles agreed upon at Reading the 12th of the 1st Month, 1644, between the Town on the one part and John  Poole on the other part for the erecting of a Water Mill for the Use and Service of the Towne.

And first: The aforesaid John Poole is to build the Mill and sett it on the end of Sargent Marshall’s lott by the Marsh Meadow, the same to be so made fit and serviceable to do the Towne’s work, betwixt this and the 15th of August next Summer.

Secondly, the said Poole is to continue and maintain the said Mill serviceable and sufficient for the Town’s use from time to time, he or his assigns.  And he repairing the same at his own proper costs and charge.

Third, the Towne of Reading hath given and granted unto John Poole the liberty to bring the River out of its natural Course, to and in such a convenient place as may be most meete, without trouble or disturbance.

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The Town hath also given liberty to John Poole to choose and take such Trees for the erection and building such Mill as shall be needful for the same in any lott or place about the Towne.

            The Town hath also convenanted with said John Poole to bring their corn to the Mill 2 or 3 days in the Week for grinding their Grists, and not have him attend the whole week except more days are required to do the work.

            They do likewise covenant neither to set up nor allow to be set up any other Mill within the bounds of Reading, to hinder the custom of the said Mill, so long as the sail John Poole, his heirs or assigns shall well and sufficiently Grind and service the Towne use.”

            In acknowledgment of the service thus performed or covenanted to be executed by him within the specified period, “At a generall Towne Meeting held upon the 6 of the 11 month 1644 there was then given to John Poole a parcel of land laying on the East side of the Towne Meadow, and bounded on the North side with the Lot of “Thomas Newell of Lynn, and on the South East with the Lot of John Fuller.  This is the boundary of the parcel of land containing 26 acres given to John Poole.”

Three years afterwards another tract of land was granted him with others, in the terms following:

“The 20th of the 8th month, 1647 given to those men under named all the Land laying on the North side of

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Goodmans Smith’s farm, near to the Water Mill, upon these terms; that they shall fence against the Meadow, that great Cattel come not in.  To John Poole is given two parts, to William Cowdry two parts, to Sergeant Marshall two parts, to Robert Duncan one part, to John Pearson one part, to Samuel Dunton one part.”

            The next year, 1648 he was chosen surveyor of highways, with Wm. Martin, Henry Felch and John Pearson.

In a list of names of members of the church under their first pastor Rev. Henry Green, who died this year and was immediately succeeded by Rev. Sam’l Haugh, was the name of Judith Poole, who was most probably a sister of Mr. John Poole.

            Mr. Joseph Armitage, to whom, as above noted, was granted 60 acres of land in 1638, situated in Lynn, was a brother in law of Mr. John Poole, the latters sister Jane being his wife, and lived on Lynn Common, opposite the spot since occupied by the Lynn Academy, his landed property extending to Strawberry Brook. His original occupation seems to have been that of a clothier, being as such admitted a freeman of the town in 1637. Some years afterwards he became the Proprietor of a corn and slitting mill on Saugus River.  In 1643 he kept a tavern or ordinary on the West side of Saugus River, and becoming pecuniarily involved (as indeed he well might in view of his varied occupations) his wife petitioned the General Court for permission to keep the

Page 8


said ordinary, the petition being signed by the two ministers of the town, and the principal inhabitants.  The request was granted, and it was ordered that Joseph Armitage also, should be allowed to “keep the ordinary but not to draw wine”.

            By deed dated in 1651 Joseph Armitage and his wife Jane conveyed to (Gov.) Linion Bradstreet the tavern and several parcels of land.  There is also on record the following agreement:

            “Indenture between Jos. Armitage of Lynn and the Inhabitants of Lynn:- In consideration of so much wood as groweth on 6 acres of land on Nahant, near where Thomas Graves house stood, x x he sells unto Thomas Wheeler and Andrew Mansfield as being appointed by ye town to layout and deliver ye said wood unto said Armitage, as also to draw up a deed of sale about ye town’s agreement with him: A certain Parcell of land containing 6 acres which was formerly given by the town of Lynn unto John Poole; which land lyeth and is scituated in the bounds of ye sail town on ye Plains next unto Hugh Burt’s house lott, bounded by ye Fresh Pond and ye land of Mr. Holliock.”  Dated 19: 1: 1656.  Acknowledged 29: 4: 1669.

The tavern kept by Armitage was the first established in the town and was called “The Anchor” situated on the road leading to Boston a little West of the river, and being just half way between Salem and Boston, the two most important towns in the province, was also known as


Page 9


the Half Way House.  Here he died June 27, 1780, aged 80, but the tavern was kept as a house of entertainment long after his death, and for 170 years was the most celebrated in in the County of Essex.

            His children were John and Rebecca Armitage, the later the wife of Samuel Tarbox of Lynn, to whom she was married in 1665. The mother, Jane Poole Armitage, died March 3 1677.

            Godfrey Armitage, brother of Joseph, was a farmer (yeoman) and as such admitted a freeman in 1638, and received a grant of 60 acres of land.

            In 1641 we learn from the Mass. Records (Vol. 1. p. 337) that Edward and Timothy Tomlins and John Poole were admonished “not to go to the Dutch because of Scandal and offence”.  At this period it seems that some differences had arisen on church matters in Lynn, for Mr. Edward Tomlins in April of that year was “discharged, having retracted his opinions against singing in the churches".  Savage states that Mr. Tomlins went to Long Island, then settled by the Dutch, for the purpose of instructions as to the migration from Lynn which probably contemplated by numbers of settlers, attracted the notice and called forth the admonition of the General Court.  Both Edward and Timothy Tomlins were prominent in Lynn, and one or the other of them was always a member of the legislature from 1634 to 1644. The former returned from his Long Island trip before

Page 10


the latter year, as he was a member of the court at that date.

            Whether he was accompanied by John Poole or not is not known.  Upon the petition of John Poole and others to the General Court in 1645 “owing to the removal of so many families to Long Island and other places” their taxes in Lynn were abated.  We learn from Thompson’s History of Long Island that the first settlement at Brookhaven in Suffolk County was made at Setanket on the bay of the same name on the north shore, by a colony of 47 persons from the neighborhood of Boston, 1655.  The family names of these settlers include that of Poole.

            The list of these is as follows: Avery, Akerly, Briggs, Brewster, (Rev.) Brooks, Budd, Bayliss, Burnet, Combs, Davis, Dayton, Elwine, Fancy, Floyd (Col.), Frost, Gibb, Garlick, Helme, Hawkins, Jenner, Lane, Longbotham, Moyer, Mapes, Muncy, Poole, Pierce, Perring, Rogers, Roe, Satterley, Saylor, Seward, Smith, Sharp, Thomas, Thomson, Thorpe, Tooker, Wade, Whitehaire, Woodhull (Gen.), Ward, Williams, Wooley, Waring and Ware.

            The emigrant named Poole in the above list was probably a William Poole of another family, possibly the William Poole who came to New England in the services of Gov. Endicott in 1628, whom we find an inhabitant at Brookhaven in 1680 and from whom the Long Island family of Pooles, now quite numerous, have probably


Page 11



            The infant town of Reading attracted attention from its lovely situation and settlers were constantly arriving.  As early as 1650, a publication since become rather famous from and elegant reprint edited by Wm. F. Poole, called Johnson’s “Wonder Working Providence of Sion’s Savior in New England”  thus speaks of it.  “About the year 1645 the Town of Reading had her foundation stone laid; this and the town of Woburn were like the twins in the Womb of Tamer, Reading thrusting forth the hand first, but her sister Woburn came first to the birth.  Reading is well watered, and situate about a great Pond; besides it hath two Mills, the one a Saw Mill, the other a Corn-Mill, which stand on two several streams: her habitation is fallen in the very centre of the Country; they are well stocked with Cattel for the number of the people.”

The mills alluded to were those erected by Mr. John Poole.

            On Dec. 5, 1650, by order of the town there was “given to John Poole a little Meadow for that which he had short in his dividend laying between the Great Swamp and the Meadow called the Temple Meadow”.  On Jan. 24, 1655, he was 3d in the list of 39 others who were allotted portions of “the meddow from Jeremy Swaine’s Meddow down below the falls.”

            In 1652 the town ordered a division of lands at “Pine Playne” and “Birchen Playne” among 34 inhabitants of which John Poole with 5 others was awarded the considerable proportion of 20 acres each.


Page 12


            In 1658-9 another assignment of lands was made on the north side of Opswich River in lots of from 40 to 300 acres.  John Poole was awarded 206 acres and his son, Lieut. Jonathan Poole, then in his 25th year, 145 Acres and 36 Rods.  The order passed by the town directed that John Poole and Messrs. Smith, Cowdrey and Brown, lay out the 2 and 4 mile grant beyond the River.

            One of the friends and neighbors of John Poole was Deacon William Cowdrey, who was successively Clerk of the writs, selectman and representative; and most of the records, deeds, and notarial papers of the town for over 30 years were from his pen.  Though a most influential and useful citizen, the composition and chirography [handwriting] of his papers show that his early education had been somewhat neglected; and from 1649 to a period near his decease in 1687, the town records exhibit a wonderful diversity and ingenuity of spelling which will remain a monument of his skill in translating oral sounds so long as those venerable pages shall endure.

            Deacon Cowdrey was often associated with Mr. Poole in public matters, and in 1665, they with Messrs. Smith and Brown, were commissioned to divide the tract of land known as the “Great Swamp” among the settlers according to the tax which each paid the preceding year.  The name of John Poole was third in this list, numbering 57 tax payers, but his son Jonathan with several others similarly situated received no allotment on the partition


Page 13


having previously obtained special grants.  The town however gave to the Commissioners who divided the lands “all that strip or trace of land between the line “of Gov. Bellingham’s estate and that run by Major Hawthorne and Ensign Havlett”, which proved a considerable addition to their former grants.

            In the account of early settlers of Reading, given by Hon. Lilley Eaton, (History of Reading) is the following:

            John Poole, came here from Lynn; was at Cambridge in 1632: was one of the earliest settlers of Reading, and probably the wealthiest.  He lived on the present site of Wakefield’s rattan factory, where he built the first grain and fulling mill of the town. He also owned much land at the north end of the Great Pond, (Lake Quonapowitt) including the farm lately owned by Deacon Caleb Wakefield, and extending easterly, including the late Newcomb Mill, where Mr. Poole erected the first Sawmill, and included also the present farm of the heirs of Benjamin Cox of Lynnfield.”  His estate was divided between his son Jonathan, his daughter Mary and his grandson John, by his will, which, drawn up by his friend Dea. Cowdrey, is herewith given entire verbatim.


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John Poole’s Will, 1666

            The Laste Will and Testament of John Poole Seinor.  Though Weake in Body yet ppfett in Mind and Memory, this Fowertenth of the Twelfth Mon: 1666:

1.      fferste, I give my Soule unto God that gave itt: And my Body to be buried desently by My Christian friends in Hope of a Joyfull Resurrection att the Last Day.

2.      I Make my sonn Jonathan Poole My Heire and Executor of all My Goods and Chattels that I shall dey seased of, and to pay theas Legalis following:

3.      I give unto My Daughter Marey my farme beyond Ipswidg River, boath upland and Meddow, and to bee att her despose att her dessease to her Children.

4.      I give unto My Daughter Mary halfe Mr household stuff, excepting the Tabell in the Chamber, And the Bedstead below.  They are to bee standers to the house.

5.      I give unto My Sonne Matthew Edwards that peece of Land that Leyeth one the Top of the hill, Adhoyning to Mas. Brockes’ Land, if hee change with Mas. Brocke or else not: further More my Will is that my sonn Mathew Edwards & My Daughter Marey his wife shale have the use of halfe My Twenty-six ackers of Meddow in Beare Meddow, soe long as either of Them shale live.

6.      I give unto My Grand Child John Barret fifteen pounds to bee payd him between this & the time hee comes to be fowerten years of Agge.


Page 15


7.      I give unto My grand Child Lidda Barret Twelve pounds to bee payd her between this & the time shee comes to bee of fowerten years of Age.

8.      I give unto My grand Child Marey Edwards and My grand Child Sarah Edwards & to My grand Child Elizabeth Edwards eight pounds apeese, to bee payed to them between this and when they Com to bee fowerten years of Age.

9.      I give unto my grand Child John Poole one fift part of the saw Mill farme when hee Comes to the age of sixten years or Eighten wch My sonn Jonathan shale please.

10.  I give unto My grand Child Sarah Poole Tenn pounds to bee payd to her betwen this and the time shee shall com unto the Age of  fowerten.

11.  I give unto My grand Child Mary Poole eight Pounds to bee payd to her between this and the time shee comes to fowerten years of age.

12.  I give unto My Brother Armitage that forty seven shillings that is in Captain Marshals hands, of which hee is to give unto his Three Sonnes, five shilling apeese.

13.  I give unto My Sister Armitag if shee bee lefte a widdo fower pounds, to be payd her Twenty shillings A year for fower years.

14.  I give unto my cossen Godfery Armitag and to his wife and to his two Children five shilling apease.


Page 16


15.  I give unto Mas. Dane of Andiner Twenty Shillings of wch there is Tenn Shillings alredy payd and to Mr. Dane I give halfe a dosen of Napkins and a Pinte Pott. [A pinte Pott is a pint pewter mug]

16.  I give unto My sonn Jonathan’s wife if My Sonn dey and Leave her a widow, the use of the Saw Mill farms soe Longe as shee keeps her a widow and to take of what shee shale soe one the ground Before shee Maries.

17.  I give unto Mas. Brocke Twenty Shillings.

18.  further More My will is that if my sonn Jonathan should neglect to paye Any of theas Legasis when thay Com to bee dew, That then they that Com to demand them shale give him Three Monthes time to paye itt in.

19.  further more I give unto My Sonn in Law William Barrett, Twenty shillings.

20.  further more my will is that Lande that I give unto my sonn Jonathan, hee shale give it unto his children as hee shale see good.

Signed & Sealed in the presents of us

William Cowdery                ___________________________

John Wesson.


ffurther More I doe Apoynt & Constitut my Trusty and well beloved frinds William Cowdery and John Brown Juner to bee my over See-ers to see that this my will be ppformed.


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The Probate Records also give the following list showing the number, quality and appraised value of the effects of the deceased, including real estate –

            An Inventory of the goods of John Poole of Redding who died the firste of the Second Mon: 1667.

The dwelling house and Barne

         £ 40 00 00

The Mill

30 00 00

The Orchard and five Ackers of ground

25 00 00

The Land in the Neck Broken and un Broken             :


the quantity aboute one hundered Ackers                   :

            70 00 00

The Saw Mill farme Upland & Meddow

130 00 00

A parsell of Land Uppon the hill and                           :


swamp Adjoyning tharto                                              :

10 00 00

in the Mill Meddow Three Ackers

09 00 00

in the Saw Mill Meddow 15 Ackers

60 00 00

one Acker of Meddow in the Reedy Meddow

01 00 00

Fowerten Ackers of Meddow


Fowerten Ackers of Meddow in Mas. Belling-  :


ham’s Meddo :

28 00 00

one Acker of Meddow in the great Meddow

02 00 00

in Beare Meddow 26 Ackers

52 00 00

Twenty Ackers of Upland in the playne

26 00 00

fower Ackers of Meddow More

03 00 00

The farme Beyond the River upland and :


Meddow beeing 213 Ackers                               :

42 00 00

fower Oxen

21 00 00

Twenty two Cowes att

92 00 00


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for 28 Busheles of Indian Corne

         £ 04 04 00

A fether Bed our old Rugg & Blankett and an          :


old Bolster & two pillows att                                     :

04 10 00

A payer of smale sheets

00 01 00

one Iron Kettel & old Bucket and a hake

00 18 00

an old Chamber Pott

00 01 06

for a lettel Kettel & a lettel Pot of :


Brass & a Tramel and a payer of Pot     :


houkes and an old fryng pan                  :

00 11 00

for Three Pillow Beeres

00 12 06

for fower white Apernes

00 15 00

for waving Linnan

01 00 00

for a dozen and a half of Napkins

01 14 00

for a Tabell Cloath

00 09 00

for Three Payer of Sheets

04 00 00

for Six puter dishes

01 08 00

for two Candell sticks a pint pott and a :


Bassen and old salt Sellar :

00 09 00

for a warming pan and an old putter dish

00 04 00

for 3 chayers & six cushins & two dozen of    :


Trenchers :

01 00 00

for three chests

00 10 00

for Three trayes two wooden Platters

00 03 03

for Armes

01 10 00

for Carpenters’ Tooles

02 10 06

for two great hammers and two beettel Rings :


and a Spad & Shouell And a grinde Stone :

00 17 00


Page 19


for a Timber Chayne & two other Chaynes and        :


Plow share & Coulter a Frow an adz                          :

£ 02 00 00

for two pitt sawes & 2 saw Mill sawes and           :


two Cross Cutts sawse a hey spade a great adz :

02 02 00

for old Iron

01 05 00

for a peese of steel & a Curten Rod

00 06 00

for two Bedsteads & a Tabell

01 00 00

for for two lettel Tabells & two wheeles

00 14 00

for Curtenes and valients

01 05 00

for a lettel Bed and Bolster

00 08 00

for two Blankets & a fether Pillow

01 04 00

for a fether Bed & Boulster & two pillows A  :


Rugg & a Coverled & three Blankets              :

07 00 00

for Three payer of sheets and five pillow :

04 04 00

Beers and five Neck Clothes & two Shirtes :

02 10 00

A Brass Pot & a skillet and a spitt

00 15 06

for a putter Chamber Pott a quarte Pott a :


Bassen & a pinte Bottell & a poringer

00 08 00

A Sadell and a Drawing knife & a payer :


Of Belles :

00 12 06

In debtes that was owing to him

14 10 00

for his waring Apparell in generall

10 05 00

for a Carte & wheeles two setts of houpes :


& a yoak and other old Lumber with a rope :

03 00 00



                The Total som is

£716 12 00


This 13th of the 2d Mon: 1667

            By us

                        William Cowdrey

                        Thomas Bancroft


Page 20


This inventory of his property shows that besides personal property and the homestead, he held at his death in 1667, between six and seven hundred acres of the most valuable lands in Reading and vicinity, and also the two mills which he gave to his son Jonathan and grandson John.  There are however on the County Records conveyances of sundry property in Lynn, sold after he established himself at Reading. “John Poole of Redding  In the County of Middlesex, Yeoman, hath sold unto Geo. Keylar of Lynn in the Co. of Essex, Tanner, for five pounds, Sixteen Acres of Salt Marshe in Ramney Marshe, within the bounds of Lynn, in the County of Essex, as by deed dated the 28th of the 3d month 1650 appeareth.”: -


Essex Deeds Vol. 1, p. 25.

John Poole of Reading, Miller, for 22 pounds 105 sells to Allen Breed of Lynn a dwelling house commonly called the Cora House, late in possession of said Poole in Lynn, and 9 acres upland in the Reeds.  Hill, Vol. 2, p. 105.

The Saw Mill on the north of the great Pond, on Saugus River, is thus alluded to by Hon. Lilley Eaton in his rhymed address delivered at the Reading bicentennial celebration of May 29, 1844:

“And to the North on Saugus River,

“Where Mr. Newcomb is now the liver,

“I find the ancient Sawing Mill,

“First built and worked by our John Poole;

“And where soon after, one for corn

“Was placed, that now is seems is gone;


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            “This Mr. Poole first owned the land

            “Where Deacon Wakefields’ buildings stand,

            “His son whose name was Jonathan,

            “Was second Captain, Selectman.”


In the absence of any detailed narrative or description of the hamlet, the farmhouses, or the inhabitants of those early dwelling places in the wilderness, we can form an idea of them only by referring to the worn and time stained papers and records from which the will and inventory above have been copied.

By these we are enabled to picture the old farm homesteads situated on the sunny slopes near Reading Pond, surrounded by fruitful orchards, yellow corn land, verdant meadows, and pastures dotted with the “fower oxen and twenty-two Cowes” all like Wordsworth’s forty, “feeding like one”, the stout timbered Mill, and the “Mill meddow of 15 Ackers” beyond, the woodlands adjacent, and the “hundred Ackers Broken and onBroken Land” at the Neck, with broad stretches of swamp and upland, the whole bounded and hemmed in by the primeval forest.  In fancy we can people the scene with the sturdy father and the active son, the venerated mother of the flock of ten future generations that in our day, two hundred and fifty years after, were to succeed them, a group of grandchildren belonging to the household of perhaps paying a periodical visit to the old house, welcomed by the sire, according to the time honored usage of grandfathers,


Page 22


“They had no Snuffers on ye Shelf,

“The Dresser too had flown,

“No pewter Plates well scoured and neat,

“In order brightly shown.

“No brimstone Match, no tinder-Box,

“No Latch outside ye Door,

“No Settle by ye Kitchen Fire,

“No sand upon ye Floor.

“I walked into a meeting House,

“Just as ye Psalm was read,

“The Parson had no Surplice on,

“No Wig upon his Head.

“I saw no trace of Sounding Board,

“No hour glass had they there

“To prove ye Sermon two Hours long

“And measure off ye Prayer.

“No Chorister with tuning-Fork,

“No Tything man so grim,

“No Body in ye Deacon seat

“To Deacon Off ye Hymn”.


The Church records of Reading do not show that John Poole was ever connected with any religious organization nor does it ever appear that he was admitted a freeman by the General Court.

After the arrival of Governor Winthrop and Company in 1631 no persons were admitted to the freedom of the body politic who were not church members, though at the first General, held the previous year, a number


Page 23


had been admitted to the privileges of freemen, who were not in communion with the churches.  Thereafter none such were allowed to share in the administration of Civil Government, or have a voice in any election.

            Though he emigrated from England with a large body of the sect of Puritans, he seemed not to have been identified with them, in their peculiar theological views, and in consequence was not honored by them with any political preferment, though his influence must have been great among his townsmen owing to his wealth and social position.  Whether a portion of the residents of his neighborhood were inimical to him through religious differences, cannot now be known, but it is certain he was once upon their complaint made to pay a fine for chastising a servant (Mass. Historical Records), and that afterward, possibly in retaliation he entered an action for trespass against sundry parties for attempting to deprive him of his firearms (Essex Co. Court Records).  That he was careful, shrewd and able in the management of his business affairs cannot be disputed, from the fact of his leaving so large an estate for the period, as his will attests.

            His friendship for the Rev. John Brock, the minister of the Parish, is shown by the gift in his will, and Mr. Dane of Andover, a prominent man of his day, was also a friend to whom he leaves a remembrance in the form of a small bequest.  His connection with Edward and Timothy Taubins of Lynn has already been noted. Of his wife


Page 24


Margaret, whose death took place five years before his own, it may be inferred from the religious bias of the children, that she was a pious and exemplary woman.  She was probably a connection of the Champneys of Cambridge and married Mr. Poole while he was a resident there or at Bellerica, about the year 1632 – 3.

There is no record of any other children than Jonathan, who married Judith, Mary who married Matthew Edwards, and Sarah, who married, first, Joseph Champney of Bellerica, and afterwards William Barrett of Cambridge.

In the Genealogical Dictionary of Savage, it is attempted to be shown that Sarah was not the daughter of Mr. John Poole but of Richard Champney [corrected typo Champnye] of Cambridge, but the language of the will is so explicit that there can be no doubt whatever that she was his own daughter by his wife Margaret, and that her children John and Lydia Barrett were his grandchildren. The town records of Cambridge seem to testify that William Barrett married Sarah, presumably daughter of Richard Champney, 19 Aug. 1656, and that the issue of the marriage was Lydia b. Sept. 1657, and John b. 6 Feb. 1660.  In explanation of the conflicting statements of the will and record, Mr. Savage suggests that Mr. Poole must have married Sarah Champney’s mother, a widow, but this is evidently and error, for by the same records Rev. Rich’d. Champney is stated to have died in 1669, two years after the death of Mr. Poole, and therefore during the latter’s life, Mrs. Champney never was a widow:  When we come to


Page 25


the record of Mr. Joseph Champney, a nephew of perhaps a younger brother of Rev. Richard, we find him admitted a freeman in 1654, at Cambridge, afterwards removing to Billerica and dying there in 1656, shortly after his marriage to Sarah, dau. of John Poole.  She soon returned to Cambridge as the wife of Wm. Barrett, and the latter appears accordingly on the record as having married, 19 August 1656 Sarah Champney.  Richard Champney, (called Revd., although he seems to have been only a ruling elder) was probably a brother of John and perhaps Joseph Champney, and came to America in the ship Defence in 1635 with his wife Jane and child Ester, in the company of Rev. Thomas Shepard, and was admitted a freeman 25 May, 1636.  He owned an Estate in Billerica, then a part of Cambridge.  His children are said to have been Mary, who d. an infant, born a twin with Samuel, Sept. 1635, Sarah b. May 1638, Mary b. Nov. 1639, John b. 28 May 1641, Lydia (no date), and Daniel born 9 March 1645, Rev. Richard d. 26 Nov. 1669.  His will dated June 30, 1669, names his wife, two sons and four daughters, and gives 40 acres of land near the falls on Charles, river to Harvard College.  Ester m. 26 March 1651, Josiah Converse of Woburn, Samuel m. Sarah Hubbard, “of Billerica” and had 7 children, Sarah whose marriage is not mentioned by Paige in his history of Cambridge, in Savage is stated to have married William Barrett; Mary m. 22 Sept. 1665, Jacob French, and d. 1 April 1681; John, no marriage recorded; Lydia m. 20 May 1668, John Hastings (his 2d wife) and d. 23 Jan. 1691; Daniel m. Jan. 1665,

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1st Dorcas Bridges and 2d Hepzibah dau. of Elijah Corbet in 1684.

            From the connection of the Champney with the Poole family is it supposed that Margaret, wife of John Poole, may have been the sister or other near relative of Richard Champney, and that the two families removed to and resided for a time at Billerica, before the former took up his abode in Lynn or Reading. From 1632 to 1634 - 5, the date of his settlement at Lynn, we have no account of him as a resident of Cambridge, nor can we trace him to any other place than Billerica, where he probably took up lands with Mr. Champney, and sold to him on removal.

            The record of John Poole and the first generation of his descendants, stands therefore as follows:

1.      John Poole1 b. about 1610, probably at Reading, England, emigrated 1630 – 1-, settled first at Cambridge and m. Margaret (Champney?) 1632-3.

2.      (i) Jonathan2 , b. Cambridge or Billerica 1634, m. Judith 1655, d. Dec. 1678.

3.      ii Sarah2, b. April 1636, m. 1st Joseph Champney or Billerica who d. May 1656, and 2d.[2nd] 19 Aug. 1656, William Barrett of Cambridge. Their children were:

Lydia, b. 17 Sept. 1657 m. 27 Nov. 1673 Arthur Cole.

John b. 6 Feb. 1660-1.

These children received by their grandfather’s will twelve and fifteen pounds respectively, “to be paid between this and the time they come to be fowerten years


Page 27


of age”.  Their mother, Sarah, d. 21 Aug. 1661, and their father married the following year, Mary Barnard and had 4 children.  She d. in 1673, and he married 3d, Mary Sparhawk, by whom he had no children. He d. Mar. 1689, age 60.

4.       iii.  Mary2 b. 1638, m. 2 December, 1657, Mathew Edwards, of Reading, who came over in the Speedwell the same year from London, was a freeman in 1669, d. 23 Dec. 1683, aged 52.  Of Matthew Edwards we have from the Records that in 1664, the town authorities agreed with him to exchange certain lands “he paying 30 shillings and a gallon of liquor”, indicating that it was then the popular belief that the application of the latter stimulus to the corporate authorities tended to promote a vigorous prosecution of the public business.  Their children were:

Mary b. 25 Mar. 1659,  m. John Polley (or Poole) of Woburn.

Matthew b. 24 Oct. 1662, d. 22 Feb. 1662-3.

Elizabeth b. 11 Jan. 1664, d. young.

Matthew b. 1667, d. 12 Aug. 1689, age 22, and left the estate bequeathed by his father to his sister and bro-in-law John Polley of Woburn.

Tabitha, b. 23 July 1670.

Sarah b. 19 Mar. 1673.

Abigail, b. 28 Feb. 1674-5.

Elizabeth b. 21 Nov. 1679, m. Joseph Hastings 1699

Of these, Mary, Sarah and Elizabeth are mentioned in


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their grandfathers will.  No descendants of this family of Edwards survived in the male line.

2.         Jonathan Poole2 (Capt.) (John1) was born probably at Cambridge of perhaps at Billerica before his father removed to Lynn. He was one of the most conspicuous of the early inhabitants of Reading, by whom he was often selected to fill positions of honor and trust, and received from the General Court frequent commissions for the performance of important public duties.  He was particularly prominent in military affairs in the Colony, and held his first commission as cornet or ensign of the “Three County Troop”, a cavalry company organized in 1658, in which year the General Court ordered that Lynn, Reading and Rumney Marsh have liberty to raise a troop of Horse, and chose their officers, “provided they be not ferry free, nor have the five shillings yearly allowed them as other troops have”.  This organization seems to have been formed on a plan similar to the yeomanry cavalry of the rural districts of England, and took its name from the fact that its members were recruited from the three adjoining counties of Essex, Middlesex and Suffolk.  A standard for its use was procured from England, the design for which has been found among the colonial archives of the State Paper office at London.  The copy of this design, here given, is taken from the “History of the Three Co. Troop in the N. E. Hist. & Gen. Reg. Vol. 25:138 contributed by W. H. Whitmore. The misspelling of the last word in


Page 29


the inscription can hardly be accounted for unless it be ascribed to the illiteracy of the designer, or the possibility that a foreign artist may have been employed to make the sketch.-

            The design as reproduced and published in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 25:138 is accompanied by a bill of the charges for the Standard, which is taken from and entry in a Herald-painter’s book of Charles the first’s time, now reserved in the British Museum.  The bill reads as follows:-

[About 2/3 of this page is blank for the inclusion of the design mentioned above]


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“Worke don for New England.

            For painting in oyle on both sides a cornett, one rich crimson damask, with a hand and sword and invelloped with a scarfe about the arms of gold, black and silver.

                                                                                                                        £2. 0. 6

For a plaine Cornett Staffe, with belt, boote and swible at first penny           1. 0. 0

For silk of crimson and silver fring and for a Cornett String                         1.11. 0

For crimson damask                                                                                            11. 0

                                                                                                                        £5. 2. 6

“The existence of this troop being clearly shown by the Massachusetts Records of 1659 – 77, there can be no doubt that the drawing represents its standard. We may imagine it was ordered from England before King Philips War, and that under its folds the best soldiers of the three counties took part in the fight.  Two copies from the drawing agree in representing the inscription on the flag as “thre County trom” (“Trom” in low Dutch, or the language of Holland, signifies a drum) which is supposed to be a mistake, and that the flag really bore the words “Three County Troop”, the name of the Company for which it was ordered”---- N. E. Hist. & Gen. Reg.

            It is possible that this company was called out during the progress of hostilities, though we do not find a record of any of its soldiers in service except the two detachments mentioned below; of its two officers Hutchin-


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son, who resigned Oct. 7, 1674, made Cornet May 27, same year, and was not commander of the troop in the war – and John Poole, were the only commissioner officers of the corps, whose names are on the list of those regularly in the service of the Colony.  The former, at the time he was slain by the Indians, was acting in a diplomatic rather than in a military capacity.  Capt. Poole although an officer in the troop, had a separate command, which was a company of foot soldiers doing duty as scouts.  Whether the flag ever was taken into the field in warfare cannot of course be known, nor is it material, the point of interest in it to the public being, namely that it was the first flag designed and floated by the colonists in America, and to his descendants, that Jonathan Poole was the standard bearer of so historic an ensign.  This troop maintained its organization for many years, for we find in Feb. 21, 1675 – 6 that where a requisition for 72 cavalrymen was made for service in the Indian War of King Philip, ten of these were furnished by the Three-County Troop.  On May 6 following, another requisition was made for 80 horsemen from the various cavalry companies in the eastern counties for the same service, and the troops were mustered and forwarded at once to the seat of war.  The first commander of this corps was Edward Hutchinson, Esq., and one of the Lieut’s. was Wm. Hescey (promoted from a cornetcy) who m. Judith, second daughter of Jonathan Poole.  May


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27, 1674.  Ordered, That Cornet William Hescey is appointed to be leftenant and Jonathan Poole to be Cornet of the Three County Troop, under the conduct of Edward Hutchinson, their Captain.  Mas. Records Vol. 5 p. 6.  Capt. Hutchinson in 1675 was sent by the governor to negotiate with the Nipmucks, and prevent their union with King Philips forces, but was treacherously fired upon and mortally wounded by them at a place called Ouaboag or Brookfield, and died a day or two after at Marlborough.  Eight of his companions were also killed and the rest compelled to retreat.  At the outbreak of the Indian War of 1675, Jonathan Poole appears as a commander of a Company of scouts, and was Captain under Major Appleton at Hadley, whither troops were sent after the Indian Massacre at Bloday Brook in which Capt. Lathrop and the “flower of Essex” were cut off to the number of 70 or 80.  He was President of a council of War held in the winter of 1675-6, and in the attack on Hatfield distinguished himself by prompt and vigorous action and great bravery.  The following is the account given by Drake of this engagement. “After the attack on Springfield by the Indians, Major Appleton fixed his quarters at Hadley, Capt. Moseley and Capt. Jona. Poole at Hatfield, and Major Treat of the Connecticut forces at Northampton.  Suddenly on the evening of the 19th October (1675) seven or eight hundred of the enemy made an attack on Hatfield.  After killing several of Capt. Moseley’s


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men, who were upon an outpost, and cutting off a scout, they entered that end of the town where the commander in chief was, who with great courage and resolution drove them out with loss, while Capt. Poole succeeded in forcing them to retire from the other end, where he was posted. In this affair Maj. Appleton marvelously escaped with his life; a bullet passed through the hair of his head, and one of his sergeants, Freegrace Norton, was mortally wounded by his side. In the Hatfield fight ten of the English were killed, while the loss of the Indians could not be known, as they carried off the killed and wounded.

            In the summer of 1676 just before the death of King Philip, the campaign was characterized by great activity and hardship.  Drake remarks in his history (p. 417), “Notwithstanding great losses sustained by the Colony in the war, great numbers were still ranging in the wood in search of the enemy.  Capt. Jonathan Poole, Capt. John Whipple, Capt. John Cutter, Capt. Richard Sutton, and several others commanded expeditions into the Indian country”.  In one of these excursions, purporting to have been led by Major Swain of Reading, in which Capt. Poole’s company was engaged, the following incident is said to have occurred, as related by Hon. Lilley Eaton, the historian of Reading, in his address at the Bi-Centennial celebration in that town in 1844.  The material error in the tradition is in placing Lieut. Swain of Major Appleton’s Company in command as Major.  He did


Page 34


not attain that rank until after the war, as will be seen from the records which are quoted further on.  It is probable, if the incident ever occurred, that the commander was either Maj. Appleton or Capt. Moseley.  Lieut. Swain was present at, and was wounded in the Narraguasett fight of Dec. 10, 1675.


Old Major Swayne, with courage true,

Forth to the post of danger flew,

Was made commander of the free,

And led them on to victory.

And once tis said it so fell out

While Major Swayne was on a scout,

He found the Indians whom he sought,

Gathered in force within a Fort.

Our Hero’s numbers being few

He wished to hide them from their view,

So lurking near their palisade,

Concealed them in an ambuscade,

Then, mounting on a rising stone,

He cried in loud, undaunted tone,

“We’ve found the foe, we’ll storm the fort,

To drive them thence will be but sport,

Now Captain Poole and Sergeant Brown,

Wheel up your squadrons into line!”

The Indians heard the fearless boast

And thought there came a mighty host.

With terror struck and wild dismay,

They quit the fort and fled away/


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Our little band with triumph then

Into the empty fortress ran,

Unfurled the flag of liberty,

And gained a bloodless victory.

            Although Capt. Poole had been appointed Quartermaster of the Three County Troop, under Captain Hutchinson some time previous to the Indian War, he preferred serving in the field with a company of foot to which he was promoted, rather than remain inactive while the stirring events of that contest were going on.  It is probable that during the campaign, besides being an active combatant, he acted as quartermaster, which included the duties of a commissary of subsistence, and was charged with the duty of furnishing supplies to the forces in the field.

            After the close of the war there were numerous applications for relief from persons who had furnished provisions for the soldiers engaged, which the General Court duly considered and generally granted.  Among them was this:-

            “1677.  In answer to the petition of Susanna

“Ayres, late of Quaboag, alias Brookfield, widow,

“humbly desiring the favor of this Court that what she

“expended on, and the souldjers had of her, for ye Count-

“rey’s use, as, - Five pounds, ten shillings in Swyne, by

“Captain Poole’s order, as also, seventeen and seven

“pence Ephraim Custis had for himself and company of

“horse on the Country’s account, with what Major Willard


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had, which will appear by the account, she may be payed

“and satisfied for:- the Court grants her request”.

Mass. Records Vol. v p. 146

            Of the Three County Troop the following are the items derived from the ancient records.

            In 1658, The General Court ordered, “That Lynn, Reading and Rumney Marsh, have liberty to raise a troop of Horse”, &c.

            May 28, 1659, “in answer to the request of the troopers lately raised in the Counties of Essex, Suffork and Middlesex, for the Court’s confirmation of their officers, the Court judgeth in meete to allow and confirm Edward Hutchinson to be their Captain.”

            June 12, 1662.  In answer to the petition of Edward Hutchinson, Captain of the Three County Troop, the Court judge it meet to declare:

1.      That the Troopers of the Three County Troop presiding in Lynn, are not taken off from that troop whereof of they were.

2.      That the Troop, not troopers of Essex, be divided.

3.      That the said Troop be divided under their present officers.

4.      That the said officers command their respective divisions.

5.      That the troopers of Essex horse, and so of Lynn, be under the command of their respective officers.

6.      That Captain Hutchinson’s commission doth


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bind him to command the troops residing in Lynn, that are listed with him as formerly.

Oct. 21, 1663.  In answer to the petition of Lynn troopers, this Court having considered the several allegations made referring thereto, and especially the division of Essex troop into two troops, do order, that henceforth the troopers inhabiting in Lynn shall appertain to, and join with the Salem Troop, any former order of the Court otherwise disposing of them notwithstanding, excepting only such as shall rather choose to continue with the Three County Troop, and shall certify their desire so to do, under their hands, at the next meeting of the Salem Troop.

            May 7, 1673.  Upon the request of Lieut. John Tuttle, Lieutenant to the Three County Troop, he is dismissed from that service, and Mr. Eliakim Hutchinson, is to supply that place.

            Oct. 15, 1673.  The above order is repeated.

            May 27, 1674.  Ordered, That Cornet William Haisey (Hescey) is appointed to be Leftenant, and Jonathan Poole is to be Cornet of the Three County Troop, under the conduct of Edward Hutchinson, their Captain.

            Oct. 7, 1674.  In answer to the motion of Captain Edward Hutchinson that he might lay down his Captain’s place, of the Three County Troop, the Court grants his request, and do Order and appoint Mr. Humphrey Davis to be Captain of the Three County Troop and that he have commission accordingly.


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[ The war below is the First Indian War or King Philip’s War 1675-78.  See's_War for more details]

            Mr. Humphrey Davis having declared his non-compliance of the office of Captain of the Three County Troop, the Court judgeth it meet to respite any supply for that place til the Court of Election.  Feb. 21, 1675-6.  Ordered that of the 72 Troopers to be raised for the War, the Three County Troop furnish 10.

            May 6, 1676.  That 80 Troopers be raised out of the several Troops in Essex, Suffolk, Middlesex and Norfolk, and the Three County Troop.

            June 1, 1677.  That Jonathan Wade (Ipswich?) is appointed Captain of the Three County Troop, and Corporal Wm. Green, Cornet, and Isaac Brook Quartermaster of that Troop”. – Mass. Records.

            The name of Capt. Poole is appended to a receipt for pay on the Treasurer’s books of the Colony for his services during this war, of which signature this is a fac-simile.

[A space was left here for the signature to be reproduced]


            The Reading records furnish a partial list of the soldiers from that town who served in the War, at the head of which stands the name of Jeremiah Swayne, Major, though his rank was only that of Lieutenant during the war, then Jona. Poole, Captain and Quartermaster, and the following named persons forming the quota required by the General Court: - Thomas Bancroft (who m. Sarah Poole dau. of Capt. Jona., and was ancestor of Rev. Aaron and Hon. Geo. Bancroft, historian), Samuel Lamson, David


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Batchelder, James Case, Samuel Damon, Gabriel Taylor, Thomas Nichols, William Roberts, Nicholas Lunn, John Arnold, William Arnold, Wm. Robbins, Thomas Brown, Ebenezer Flint, Daniel Flint, Joseph Hartshorn, John Weston, Richard Smith and Richard Hough.  The latter was the son of the Minister, Rev. Sam’l. Hough, and was allowed to furnish a substitute by payment of a bounty.

            In the general alarm and apprehension consequent upon the Indian outbreak and the incursions of predatory bands of Philip’s Warriors among the advanced settlements, the Reading people were in great fear that the enemy might penetrate their outer defences and endanger their town, so near the frontier.  A petition to the Governor and Council in 1676, reads as follows:-

            “Your humble petitioners desire to present for the good of the town:

            1st.       That if you Honours see cause, to give us power to stay our inhabitants together; otherwise we judge it may weaken the whole, and hazard the town.

            2d.      To give power to let land, not improved, to persons in want.

            3d.       Then where you Honours shall see cause, to draw off the Out-towns, that our Town may receive some more Inhabitants to strengthen us to stand as a frontier Towns, we remain still weak and so must come in one after another.

            4th.       Having soldiers out at several Towns, whether and when it may be expedient to have them home, our Town


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being weak, and possibly shortly like to be a Frontier.

Jonathan Poole

Thomas Bancorft.”

            It was proposed by some of the most considerable inhabitants of the towns of Essex and Middlesex Counties in an application made by them to the Court, “that as a necessary expedient for the public welfare, and to secure them from attack by the common enemy, that a line of fence or stockades or stones be made about eight feet high, extending from the Charles River where it is navigable, unto Concord River, from George Farley’s house in Billerica; which fence, the Council were informed, would not be above twelve miles, a good part whereof is already done by large ponds that will conveniently fall into the line, by which the whole tract will be environed for the security and safety (under God) of the people, their houses, goods and cattle, from the rage and fury of the enemy”.  In answer, the Court ordered “that one fit and able man from each of the included towns should meet at Cambridge to survey the ground and estimate the expense.”

            Instead of the plan proposed, the defense of the towns was generally provided for by the erection of “garrison Houses”, built of thick plank walls and palisaded, so that on alarm the people could retire into them and make a good defense with a small number of men.


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By the activity of the scouts and the vigorous conduct of the war the enemy was kept at a distance, and the principal conflicts were in the vicinity of the Connecticut River and on the borders of Rhode Island, at the latter of which places after a spirited campaign the war was ended by the death of King Philip, who was shot by a friendly Indian acting as a guide to Capt. Church of Plymouth. This occurred in the autumn of 1676, after which the troops joyfully returned to their homes with the assurance of a lasting peace, and prosperous future.

            The close of the war did not preclude the necessity however of maintaining an efficient military force in the Colony, and we find that Reading zealously kept up its organized companies of militia men, and vigorously canvassed the election of their officers, as appears by the following entry in the Mass. Records of May 23, 1677- copies verbatim:

“A motion from Redding, 23-3. 1677.

To the Honorable General Court, boath Governour and Majistrates, with the Deputies, new sitting in Boston:- The request of your humble Servants, being part of the Inhabitants of the town of Redding;- This Honored Court, not being altogether ignorant of the state of our Towne, to which you humble suppliants boath belong, Respecting the Compleation of our Military officers, we would not fill up Lines with compliments (complaints?) to trouble this Honored Court, But, Briefly to give a


Page 42


narrative of our Condition, and so humbly beging that this Court would put an Issue to out Bissenes, which is like to have so ill a Consequence, if it lay long as it now doth.

            There hath bin some Strange Actions relating to Military Officers whereby we are become tow parties in the Towne, one in opposition against the other; we apprehend wee have bin ingenious (ingenuous) to the other party, notwithstanding great eregularities they run into; our party as wee apprehend is very considerable, though not the Major part in number: we yielded to them that voated for Captain Swaine, and prefered their minds to the Court, but setting our hands to itt that was sent to the Court, though wee voated for Captain Poole, for not one of those hands that voated for the Captain Swaine was sent to the Court when he was presented to the Court: now, notwithstanding there is in our parts, the Chiefest partes for heads and Estates amongst which are Deacons, Commissioners and Select Men, and the Major parte of the Freemen, yet wee, not being willful, but condescended to prefer their minds to the Court, and concluded, that though Captain Swaine was not a Freeman, yet if the General Court see cause to confirm him, wee should have been Satisfied with what your Honours, had done – But he being not accepted, the Matter is yet to doe; the Town running only upon tow perssons, wee would be gald to have our bissenis to bee


Page 43


promoted to the Consideration of the Honoured Court.

            Our number upon trial for voate for Captain Poole was 2d voate. There hath been several meetings and agetations since Capt. Swaine was presented to the Court and they will have all of the Youth to voate that hath not taken the Oath of Fidelity to the Commonwealth.  And so wee are Outvoated, and they are not willing the Court should hear boath parties and what wee have to saye – this being delivered after our ingenuity (ingenuousness) to them, and they will do nothing:- and so the Towne is brought into tow parties.

            And it begins to have influence into Town matters to strive to circumvent one Another in our Actions, which wee fear will have a bad consequence.  Therefore we humbly intreate the Honoured Court that you would be pleased to issue the case for us, and Settell some Abell and meete person in the place of a Capten Amongst us, that our Strife may bee at an Ende. And wee know wee must at your Houners Apoyntment sitt downe quiett.  As to our Leiutenant wee could wish the Honoured Court did thouerly understand his Abillities as to Heade and Estate.

            Your humble Servants, not having else to add, but ever to praye for Divine protection and Guidance, to your honours, - and remayne you humble petitioners.

William Cowdrey.

Thomas Parker.


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Matthew Edwards.

Thomas Hartshorn.

Nathaniel Cowdrey.

John Brown.

John Batcheller.

Benjamin Fitch.

Hananniah Parker.”

The election of officers for the Colonial troop was a matter of great interest to the inhabitants of the different towns, and there was developed a great degree of partisan feeling among the friends of different candidates. The propensity to electioneer was apparently quite as rife then as it ever has been at any subsequent period.  The contest in the instance was between the old and the young parties, into which the town was divided.  Capt. Poole having the favor of the old and substantial element was opposed by the masses, while Swaine was a young aspirant drew the youthful portion of the community to his support.

            The antagonism of “the two parties in the Towne” marks the prevalence of an eager party spirit in the days of our forefathers, and the array of the Conservative and solid men against the younger, more active and perhaps more unscrupulous politicians, is but an early example of the later methods and principles actuating their posterity at the present day.  The Radicals and Conservatives were then as now at war. Capt. Poole was the


Page 45


older, wealthier and more experienced candidate for Military honors, having already held the office of Captain, while Capt. Swain was ten years the junior of his rival.  He had been as stated a lieutenant in the war in Capt. Appleton’s command, and both equally had won laurels in the campaign of the previous year, and both were sons of the first and most distinguished settlers of the town.

            In spite, however, of the wealth, age and official dignity which supported Capt. Poole in this active competition, Capt. Swaine seems to have won the race, for he was shortly after appointed Major, and Captain Poole continued to be Captain, and was also commissioned Quartermaster.  The order of the General Court, dated June 1, 1677, reads, “John Hawthorne is appointed Captain of the foot Company in Beverly, and Jonathan Poole, Captain for Redding.”

             Besides his military employment, he was equally prominent in civil affairs.  He was several times elected a Deputy to the General Court, and was a member of that body in 1662-63-64, also from 1668 to 1674, reelected in 1676 and chosen last on May 24, 1677, to represent the town of Reading, and served the commonwealth on a number of commissions for the settlement of sundry matters in controversy.  In May, 1678, he was appointed by the town to lay before that body a petition for the relief of its inhabitants, on which a hearing was granted the following October.  The same year he was placed on


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a commission to settle the differences relating to the bounds of several farms of the Francis Nurse, Gov. Endicott and “any others adjoining”.  The commission duly performed that duty, but the untimely death of Captain Poole in December of that year, and the Court at its next session duly acknowledged the receipt of its report, with his signature, together with that of two other commissions, of which he was a member, charged with establishing a division line between Wenham, Beverly and Salem Village, and fixing the bounds of the farm of the Rev. Joseph Allin of Boston, known a “Bishop’s Farme” in Salem.


            The decisions in these cases were made before his death, as his name is appended to the reports.  At the session of May 1679, the Court passed an order “that Jeremy Swain be Captain of the foot company in Redding in Stead of the late Captain Jonathan Poole, deceased, and that he have his commission accordingly[”].


            February 3, 1661 “the town did agree with Jonathan Poole, John Brown, Jr. and Matthew Edwards and Nathaniel Cowdrey about their Gallery, namely, that it should be taken down and set up in the West side of the new meeting house, but one set broad and the said young man should sit in it so long as the town should see cause, and that the town should give them three pounds”. This sum was perhaps to reimburse them for the expense of making the alteration.  At that period the two sexes kept themselves separate during divine service.


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            We have no knowledge of what caused his early death.  Eaton remarks that he died greatly lamented, and that as an officer in the Indians Wars his name is famous.  His gravestone, a correct representation of which is here given is the oldest date and the most elaborate in its workmanship of any of the old monuments of the town of Reading.  The epitaph in its quaint language and Latin mottoe above indicates that its author was the Rev. William Brock, the respected minister of the parish[.]


[Here it looks like space was allotted for a drawing or transcription of the gravestone.  The gravestone may be viewed here.]


An entry in the Registry of Deeds of Middlesex County, gives a conveyance on April 25, 1677 of 23 acres of land in Reading to his son-in-law, Thomas Bancroft, with one-quarter of his meadow called Bear Meadow, and two-fifths of the wood and herbage appertaining to his dwelling house. His wife subsequently quit claims her right to dower in the same estate.


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The following is a verbatim copy of his will as it appears on the records of Middlesex County, Probate Court.

            Capt. Jonathan Poole’s Will.

1stly.               Dated ye 21:  10 mo. 1678.

            That I Jonathan Poole, being in my right minde. After my body (being) decently buried, my Soul I do bequeath to God that gave it to me.  My while estate, the improvement of I gave to Judith Poole, my wife, so long as she lives a widow, for her comfort and bringing up her children.

2dly.    In case she marry two-thirds to be disposed to the children by the discretion of the overseers, and the other third to be delivered to the children at her death.

3dly.    To my son John, my will is that he shall have added to the third of the Saw Mill Farme that his grandfather gave him, it shall be made up half, and he is my eldest son, of the Estate to be made up a double portion and this shall be to him and his children.

4ly.      In case he dye before he is of age for the next son to have the double portion.

5ly.      My daughter Sarah Bancroft shall have twenty pounds, and if my wife please, to have some more addition this is to be for her and her children.

6ly.      And the remainder of my estate to be equally divided among the rest of my children as they grow up to age, and this my Estate to be disposed of to none other but them and their heirs.


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7ly.      Judah Poole, being my sole executrix.

8ly.      For Overseers, Enisgne Thomas Bancroft, Corporal John Brown, Serjante (H) Ananniah Parker: and in case it please God to take my wife away, here to add Mr. Joseph Dudley, Esq. to the rest, to be helpful in the disposal of the Estate and Children.

9ly.      That Jno Poole, my Eldest son, or any other (son) that shall survive after his mother’s death shall have the liberty either to have the Saw Mill Farme or the Homestead.  This homestead was on the site of the present Wakefield rattan Factory.

            Signed in the Pr’sents of us

            Thomas Bancroft, Sen’r.

Isaack Broockes.

Joseph Lammon.

Sworhe in the Courte pr. The witnesses.  1st: 2d mo. 1679.


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            Capt. Poole2 by his wife Judith, when [whom penciled in above when] he married in 1654-5 had ten children, all born in Reading, namely:-

5.      i. Sarah3 b. July 11, 1656, who m. April 10, 1673, Thomas Bancroft, deacon of 1st church in Reading, son of Lieut. Thomas and Elizabeth (Metcalf) b. 1649 and was an officer in King Philip’s war.  Their children were:

Thomas Bancroft, b. Sept. 8, 1673, a Capt. And representative, who m. Mary Webster and d. 1731.

Jonathan, b. Oct. 28, 1675 and d. young.


                        Sarah, b. Dec. 28, 1676, who m. Abraham Bryant – d. 1714.

                        Manitabel, b. Feb. 1, 1678, who m. Jonathan Parker and d. 1703.

                        Jonathan b. Oct. 4, 1681, who m. Sarah and d. 1702.

                        Raham, b. Feb. 14, 1683, and d. young.

Judith, b. Mar. 7, 1688, who m. Samuel (?) Parker.

Samuel, b. Dec. 13, 1691 and d. young.

Samuel, b. Dec. 28, 1693, who m. Sarah Lampson.

Elizabeth, b. June 22, 1696 , who m. John Lampson.

6.      ii. Judith3, b. Sept. 1, 1658, who m. May 16, 1681, William Hescey, b. 1654, d. May 30, 1684, of Lynn, a Cornet and Lieutenant of the Tree Co. Troop.  He was a person of note, and with his brothers, owned considerable land at Pumny Marsh, now Chelesa.  Their descendants, of [if?] any, are not known to the records.

7.      iii.  Mary3, b. Aug. 21, 1660, d. Nov. 14, 1661.

8.      iv. Mary3, b. Nov. 14, 1662, d. July 18, 1711, m. Oct. 9, 1680, James Nichols, son of Rich’d. and Amas,


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            who d. 1745, aged 87.  Their children were:

1.      James Nichols, b. July 2, 1683, who m. May 20, 1707, Joanna Lampson.

2.      Mary, b. Nov. 12, 1685, who m. Dec. 4, 1707, Benjamin Wiley.

3.      Jonathan, b. Feb. 23, 1691, who m. 1st Dec. 10, 1713, Elizab. Boutwell, and 2d, Nov. 7, 1716, Phebe Eaton, whose chil. were:- Jona Nichols, b. Nov. 5, 1717; Elizabeth, b. Oct. 11, 1719; Benj. B. Nov. 4, 1723 and m. Mary Trow, and had Joseph Nichols. b. Apr. 13, 1752, m. Mary Dudley and rem. to Hillsboro; Benj. B. Mar. 4, 1754, m. Rebecca Bancroft and rem. To Gardner; Mary, b. July 1, 1756, m. July 31, 1776, Wm. Beers; Jona. B. June 18, 1756 m. 1775, Elizab. Calnar, and rem. to Wilmington; Jesse, b. May 1, 1760, m. 1 [first] Rebecca Walton, m. 2 [second] Aug. 13, 1789, Elizab. Howard; Ebenezer, b. Mar. 14, 1762, m. 1, 1789, Rebecca Howard, m. 2, Nov. 25, 1790, Betsey Dix.

4.      William, b. Feb. 14, 1691, who m. Abigail.

5.      Sarah, b. Mar. 30, 1699, who m. Dec. 20, 1722, Joseph Burnap, who d. Aug. 19, 1744.

6.      Ebenezer (Col) b. Mar. 29, 1703, m. Susanna – was Representative and Justice.

9.            v.         John3, b. Sept. 20, 1665, d. Lynn, Nov. 22, 1721, m. Mary Gooding, Nov. 17, 1686

10.        vi.        Jonathan3, b. Feb. 28, 1677-8, d. May 23, 1723, m. Dec. 3. 1691, Bridget Fitch.

11.        vii.       Samuel3, b. July 27, 1671, d. Boston, Dec. 21, 1697, m. Nov. 19, 1690, Mary Parker.


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12.        viii.      Thomas3, b. Feb. 9, 1673-4, d. Dec. 26, 1732, m. June 18, 1695 Rebecca Boutwell.

13.        ix.        William3, b. Jan. 8, 1676-7, probably died early, or may have rem. To Long Island, New York.

14.        x.         Elizabeth3, b. Dec. 15, 1678, m. 1696 Capt. Thomas Bryant, of North Parish, son of Abraham and Mary b. 1674.  Their children were:-

(1)         Elizabeth Bryant, b. 1697, d. 1698.

(2)         Thomas, b. 1700.

(3)         Elizabeth. b. 1702.

(4)         Mary. b. 1706.

(5)         John, b. 1707.

9.         John Poole3 (Lieut.) son of Capt. Jonathan2 and Judith (John1) was born in Reading, Sept. 20, 1665, d. Nov. 21, 1721, on the old homestead, since occupied by the Rattan factory of Wakefield.  He settled first on the farm at the north end of Lake Quanapowitt or Reading Great Pond, being the Estate bequeathed to him by his grandfather and afterwards added to by his father’s will, including what has been since known as the Wakefield Farm, the Newcomb Mill, and the Cox Farm of Lynnfield.  He was a Lieutenant in the colonial forces.  He removed to Lynn in 1692-3 and sold to William and Samuel Upton, a portion of the land received under his father’s will, in 1694.   That part of Lynn End, to which he removed, in now North Saugus, a part of the Cox Farm, and he occupied the house inherited from his father, which is represented on the map on Lynn by Alonzo Lewis as the


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“John Poole house 1636”, a part of which is now standing in good repair and occupied (1876-77) by Mr. Elijah Wilson.  See map.  He purchased in 1701 from Daniel Marrow of Reading, a tract of land in Lynn, “by Pool’s Plain and Town Common”, called the Great Island.  He appears as a witness to the settlement of Thos. Bancroft’s estate in Lynn, Nov. 23, 1691, he having died intestate.  He was a representative to the General court in 1706.  He left a handsome Estate without making a will, having probably died suddenly, his wife Mary being appointed administratrix, under an order of Court, and a commission of three persons to divide the property was appointed by the same authority.  They divided it as follows:

Division of the Estate of Mr. John Poole3, Lynn.

            “By virtue of a commission bearing date April 16,, 1722, directed to us, Impowering us to Divide ye said Estate, one Third yr off to ye Widow of said Mr. John Poole, Dec’d.: viz: Mrs. Mary Poole: Wee, the Subscribers have sett off to said Widow, One Third of ye building standing by the West End of the Dwelling house, from ye top to ye Bottom, with half the Cellar under itt and so much of ye back lands as is against ye whole Chimney, with liberty of using as she shall have occasion.  (Here follows assignment of one third of other building and lands)  The other Two Shares of Parts we divide as followeth. To his


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eldest son John4 all ye upland and swamp land in ye farm westward of ye line of ye said widow’s third, west of ye great Swamp that joyns to ye Meadow, including it and all ye land and swamp that said John Poole4 hath in a deed from his father, Mr. John Poole3, one half of all (of) them to John Poole, eldest son afordsaid, it being laid to them equally without division at ye desire of John and Timothy Poole, and all ye before mentioned pieces of land was apprized at three hundred and twelve pounds.  (A similar portion of land is here set off to Timothy Poole “the Second son of ye Deceased”, without division and valued at Four hundred and twenty-two pounds)”.  On March 13, 1708, Lieut. John Poole of Lynn, Yeoman, conveys to Dr. John Henry Burchstead his 12th lot in 4th range on Great Nahant, 3 ½ Acres.

            Inventory of ye Personall Estate of Mr. John Poole late of Lyn, Deceased, prized upon oath by the subscribers April 16, 1722.

To Wareing Apparell.

£11. 05  0

  Beds & Beding of all Sorts

36  00  0


02  10  0

  Sheets and Linen

11  03 L0

  Pewter 4.11            Brass £4.10

19  01 0

 Iron Ware 46 s.       Tin ware & Single Lamp 3-6

02  09 6

  Andirons, Tongs & Fire Pan 28 s. 8 chairs 14s

02  02 00

  Armory 45s Saddles, bridles 35s.

04  15 00

  4 Furkins & Churne/

00 09 00 

  Oxen, Cows, Horses, Sheeps, Young Cattle, Swine

77 05 00


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To Cart, Plows, Utensils of Husbandry & Carpenter’s tools, 

10  11 00

  Chest, boxes, Chairs & Lumber,

03  13 00

   A Young Mare in Wiles’s keeping

08  00 00

   A Negroe,

60  00 00

   Bond due for bond

54  15 00




£301. 18.  6



To Leather fflax Cloth, Corn

Not Prized.

Pork & Beef for ye Family

Joseph Burnap

Prizes Sworn.

Thos. Burrill

Rich’d Johnson



Essex SS. April ye 16, Anno. Do. 1722. Then Mrs. Mary Pole [Poole], Adm’x of ye Estate of ye said John Pole [Poole] deceased, personally appeared and made oath that the above was a true and correct Inventory, and she did what may appear.

            Sworn.   Attest. Dan’l Rogers.  Reg’r.

            In May 17, 1725, the widow exhibited her account of administration, by which the Estate is credited with the value of personal property as above.  £301. 18 -6 to which is added sundry debts received of £8. 7. 1 making £310. 5. 7.  To rates paid 85s.  To Timothy Orne for a Negrow £53. 14. (a low price compared with the value of his kind before the War of 1861)  To Committee for division £2. 10  To ye Widow


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In favor of Law, 10. 07. 6.  To cost of Adm’n £16.9.6-

            The personal Estate being £168. 19. 8 is divided as ye law directs, One Third to ye widow £56. 6 6.  To Timothy Poole One Share, £28. 3. 3 ¼.  To Thomas Poole one ditto £28. 3. 3 ¼.  To Sarah Poole, one ditto £28. 3. 3 ¼.  To Samuel Poole, one ditto £28. 3. 3 ¼. 

            The widow Mary Poole was appointed guardian of the two children Sam’’ and Sarah, minors under 14 years on May 17, 1725.  She was married again, April 11, 1728 to Timothy Osgood of Andover, whose first wife was Deborah Poor of that place, whom he m. May 29, 1689.

            Lieut. John Poole, or Pool as he wrote it, was buried at Reading now Wakefield, in the old graveyard on the banks of the Great Pond, the burial place of his ancestors and most of the old settlers of the town.  The gravestone, an artistic


[Space for picture or sketch of gravestone here]


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And well preserved monument, is accurately represented in the accompanying engraving.  It may be supposed that poetic tributes to the dead were rarely in those days bestowed upon the underserving, so that in this rude eulogy, though inscribed by the partial hand of friendship, doubtless the minister of the parish, the character of Lieut. Poole, we may believe, was truthfully portrayed, as it appeared to one who knew him well.

His descendants held continuous possession of the old Lynnfield (N. Saugus) homestead until Dec. 28, 1840, when it was conveyed by deed to Phineas Grover of Conn. By Larking M. Poole7, son of Isaac Poole6.  It is now (1876) held by Mr. Jacob Wilson.

            The death of Leiut. John Poole3 occurred at his homestead in Lynn, Nov. 21, 1721.  He was buried in Reading, So, Parish, (now Wakefield) where his gravestone may still be seen.  By his wife, Mary, he had 12 children, as follows:

15.   i.   John4, b. Reading, Jan. 20, 1689-90, d. 1758, aged 70; 1st, Sarah Eaton, 2nd Hannah Green.

16.   ii.  Nathaniel4 b. Reading March 13, 1691-2 d. before 1721.

17.   iii. Timothy4 b. Lynn Dec. 14, 1693, d. Apr. 17, 1697.

18.   iv. Mary4 b. Oct. 15, 1695, m. July 30. 1714.

Timothy Wiley, son of Timo. And Elizabeth of Reading, and had Sarah Wiley b. 1715.


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            Susannah, b. 1717, who m. 1741 Isaac Smith.

            Mary, b. 1721, who m. 1745, Moses Bancroft.

            Lydia b. 1724, who m. 1747 Adam Hawkes of Lynnfield from whom descended Geo. L Hawkes, Esq. of Lynnfield, and others of that respectable family.

            Timothy, B. 1725, who m. 1748 Elizabeth Wiley.

            John b. 1727.

Nathaniel b. 1729.

Phineas b. 1731.

19.   v. Sarah4 b. Jan. 11, 1697-8 died young.

20.   vi. Judith4 b. Jan 28, 1700-1, m. Feb. 20, 1720 James Boutwell, mem. 1st church and d. at Lynn End.

21.   vii.            Timothy4 b. Feb. 9, 1702-3 m. Nov. 9, 1725 Elizab. Goodwin.        

22.   viii.           Susanna4 b. Mar. 7, 1704-5.

23.   ix. Thomas4 b. May 8, 1708 m. Dec. 25, 1729, Eunice Green.

24.   x.  James4 b. Jan. 4, 1710 in Eng. – moved to Fitchburg.

25.   xi. Sarah4, b. Sept. 11, 1713.

26.   xii.            Samuel4 b. Aug. 13, 1716 m. Mar. 13, 1738 Prudence Townsend.

10.       Jonathan Poole3, son of Jona2 and Judith (John1) was born Feb. 28, 1667-8 m. Dec. 3, 1691, Bridget, dau. of Deacon Benjamin and Elizabeth (Story) Fitch of Reading, b. Nov. 1, 1669, d. May 2, 1723.  He also died May 23, same year.  He succeeded his father Captain Jonathan2 on the old family homestead on the site of the Wakefield           


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Rattan works, at the death of the latter in 1678.  He was a noted magistrate, always known as Esquire Jonathan by the townspeople and held the usual offices of trust conferred upon prominent citizens. He was also a soldier in early life and served a campaign against the Indians in Canada.

            In 1690 a company of troops under Capt. Savage went from Reading on the Canada expedition during the war with France, in which Jonathan Poole was 1st Lieut. And Nath. Goodwin 2d Lieut.  In 1697 was appointed to teach in “Free Scoole” (established in 1693) “the young people to wright, reade and case up accounts” (and haply to spell also)  “said scoole to be opened on the 27th of Nov. and soe to continue two months Sartain”, he being allowed £2 per month money and so proportionable for a longer time. In 1691 Lieut. John Poole was appointed to carry the soldiers debentures to Boston and bring them the Bills of Credit for services in the Indian War.  Jonathan Poole of Reading made a Justice April 7, 1715.  (Sewall’s Diary, Vol. 3, -. 45).

            In the list of members of the 1st Church of Reading, Jan. 3, 1720, are the names of “Captain Jona. Poole and Bridget his wife”, he having joined said church July 17, 1691, and his wife April 21, 1695, and in the year 1721 the town voted to strengthen the committee to look after the town’s right to Lynn Common, Capt. Poole, Capt. Burnap and Mr. Timothy Goodwin, who were chosen therefor, are fully empowered to prosecute trespassers,


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&c. It is evident he continued to be an officer in the milita, from the title of Captain given him in the records. He was proprietor of and conducted the Mills inherited by him from his father, and was also an agriculturalist. Among the conveyances of real estate in the registry of deeds is one in 1697 to his brother-in-law Thos. Bryant, of 40 acres of land in Poole’s Arch.  In 1713, Feb. 14 he makes a deed of gift to his son Jonathan of the homestead given him by his father-in-law, Dea. Benj. Fitch or Reading, consisting of dwelling, Mill-House, barn, malt-house and 40 acres upland & meadow – with several other lots of land.  In April, same year, he sold a 2 acre lot & also 115 acres North of Ipswitch river to Thos. Bryant above named.

            His will which was made April 12, 1723, is sufficiently interesting from its quaintness to be copied notwithstanding its length and somewhat prolix method of its composition.  It is here given in full.


Will of Jonathan Poole, Esq., 1723.

In the name of God, Amen:  I, Jonathan Poole, Senr, of Reading in the County of Middlesex, within his Majesty’s Province of Massts Bay, New England, Yeoman, being weake of Body but of Perfect Mind and Memory, thanks be given to God therefore: But calling to mind the Mortality of my Body, and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to dye, Do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament: That is to say, Principalye, and firste of all, I Give and Recommend my Sole into the hands of God that gave it, hoping that


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through the merits, Death and Pastion of my Saviour Jesus Christ, to have full and free Pardon and Forgiveness of all my Sins, and to Inherit Eternal Life; And my Body I comit to the Earth to be Decently buried at the Discretion of my Executor hereafter named; Nothing doubting but at the Generall Resurrection I shall receive the Same again by the Mighty Power of God.  And as touching such Worldly Goods and Estate as it hath Pleased God to Bless me in this Life, I give, demise and dispose of the Same in the following maner and From: That is to say, Firste I will that all those Debts and Duties that I dow owe In Right or Conscience to any manner of Parson of Parsons, whatsoever, shall be well and truly paid in convenient time after my Death by my Executor hereafter named.

            Item – I doe give and bequeathe to my well beloved Wif Bridget the use of one half of my fulling Mill, and one quarter of my Corn Mill; and a Proportionable part of the preveleges of Pond, Streame and Dams therto belonging, and also all other Utencels to said parts of Saw Mill: and half my Cloth, Press, and Shears for Cloth; half the Bars of taintering: and I doe also give to my above named and Wel beloved wife Bridget, My Negro Man Bedford; with Convenient house Room in my Dwelling, which, and so much of it as she shall cheus; also the use of the Garden, by the House, and one quarter Part of the Barne at the west End of it, through lento (lean-to) with it; and a quarter prevelege in the flore of said Barne, and the use of three Acres of Medow in


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my home Modow on the West Side of the Brook that runs from Tho. Burnap’s, Beginning next my Son Benj’s Medow he bought of Mr. Wileys with the Point of Upland that is lying in it: as also two third of the orchard before the house, that is, the Northerly two-thirds next the old River: and three acres of land in the New Field Sotherly of the Highway to Mr. Willyes; and that is whear she shall use it in that field; and the use of the pastareon the Hill before the house for thre Cows, and one hors; with fre liberty of Firewood, and Timber to Repair Fences or Mill or Buildings on any of my land where my Said Wife shall see Reason or she Pleas to take it, making no strip nor waste, and all these land and Mills are in Reading aforesaid, in my Dwelling place: And all the use of the Mills, lands and housing, taking Wood and Timber with the above said Priviledges shall be to my well beloved wife Bridget, so long as she remains my Widow and no longer.

            Memorandum, That my well beloved wife have liberty of the use of my well with Proportionable egress and Pegressffor the using of Improvement of all the said Lands, housings, Mills, Press, tainters, with convenient yard Room at the hous for Wood, and at the Barns for Cattle; and this so long as she Remains my widow as abovesaid.

            My Will is, and I doe hereby give unto my loving wife thre Cows, one horse, Ten Sheep and two Swine; those cows to be such as she shall cheus, and also I


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do give to my said wife all my houseold goods and houseold stuff or Indoor Movables, and one quarter of my Books, (three quarters of my Books, wearing cloths (clothes?) and one quarter of the Books to be at my said wife’s disposes;) and if my wife should marry againe, and (then?) she is not to have the use of any of my Real Estate, nor my negro Bedford, which shall leave with my land.

            I give unto my well beloved wife fifteen pounds a year, yearly, every year of her life after she is maryed againe, in Curant Bills of Credit, or Passable money or other Estate to the Satisfaction, to be paid to her by my thre Sons, and to each of them to Pay five Pound a piece.  And my Will is and I doe hereby give unto my well beloved wife Bridget Sixty Pounds in Corrant Bills of Credit or Passable money or other Estate to the Satisfaction, In token of my love and good will to her,- to be paid by my Exsetr in thre years after my deceas.

            Item.    I give to my son Jonathan Poole my Cloak and my kane; and is over and above what I had given him before by deed, which I count was more than a double Portion that I gave by Deed.

            Item     I give unto my Son Benjamin Poole, whom I constitute and apoynt, make and ordain, my only and sole Executor of this my last will and testament, One half of my whomstead that is within fence as it is hearafter described, that is to say, the line of Division shall


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begin at the fence at the Bridg before the house, and run Eastward as the fence now stands to the Old River: and then down the old River to the little sluce, and then a strait line from said sluice to a Poplar tree that stands by and old Dick (dike) that was made through the upland by the highway that is in to the Neck, and then by the said Way to the geat (gate) and then round as the fence standeth, to Tho. Burnap’s land; then Northerly by Tho. Burnap’s land and my said son Benj’s Medow West the highway, with the hous, Barn and Corn Mill and out housing and orchard that is on the same, with the prevelig of the Stream and dams for the use of said Corn Mill, Reserving a prevelege of stream and dams for the fulling to another, with Egress and Regress to improve the said fulling Mill and tainters, Excepting always the use that I have given to my wife to use according as I have given it, of said hous and Mills and with apirtenances thereunto: And also one third part of the unfenced land in the Neck so called; and that for quantity and quality.  Also all my quick stock not given away before: and all Debts, Bills or Bonds due to me.  And my will is that my Son Benjamin out of said Stock and Debts, Pay Funeral charges and all debts that I owe or is due from me.  And the overplus, if any be, shall be paid toward my wife’s Sixty pounds, and I doe hereby give to my Son Benjamin half of my husbandry utencels, and other tools that I have: and this that I have given unto my said Son Benjamin shall be to him had his heirs and assigns forever.


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            Item.    I give unto my son Samuel4 Poole, (of whom the Rev. Wm Hobby, pastor of his parish wrote on recording his death in 1752, “He was my kind and good neighbor”) his heirs and assigns forever, the southerly half of my farm or dwelling Place as it is hereafter described by a line began at the Fence by the Bridg before the Dore, then Easterly as that fence stands to the old River and then as the Old River runs to a little sluce, and from said sluce straight to a Poplar tree standing by an old Dick (dike) that was made through the upland by the Way that leads in to the Neck, then on the Sotherly side of said Way to the geate (gate) and then turns Sotherly and Round by the Fence until it com to the River, then bounded Sotherly by that which was Clark’s Medow and Smith (‘s) land and the highway, and Westerly as the fence stands to the said Bridge before my Door, Excepting the use of the Pastering and orchard give(n) to my wife in it, with one third of the land in the neck that is unfenced, and that for quantity and quality, and also all my fulling Mill, Press, shears, and tainters, a suitable part of the stream and dam for the said fulling Mill, and the liberty of Egress and Regress and suitable accommodation for the using of said fulling Mill and the apertinances of the same; excepting my wive’s using given before; together with one half of my husbandry utencils and other tools, as also one acre and half of Meadow at the lower end of Saw Mill Medow.

            Item.    I give my Pine Swamp Division, and father Fitche’s Pine Swamp Division Eaqually between my three


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sons Benjamin, Samuel and Zachariah Poole, to be divided quantity and quality.

            Item.    I give to my son Zachariah all that Place or tenement that I bought of Jno. Parker and my son Benjamin improved of it, that is the hous, barn, orchard and the lot adjoining and all the medow in Saw Mill Medow: Excepting one acre and a half of medow at the lower end of it that I have given to Samuel above said, and also one third part of the unfenced land in the neck; and this to Zachariah Poole his heirs and assignes forever, all the above said land lying in the township of Reading above said.

            Item.    I give to my daughter (Elizabeth) Belknap or her heirs Eigth Pounds to be paid in Bills of Credit corrant or Passable money within five year after my deceas.

            Item.    I give to my daughter Bridget two hundred Pound, one hundred to be paid to her or her heirs in Corrant Bills of Credit or Passable Money when she is twenty two years of age or at her marage.  And the other hundred; thirtye Pounds to be paid within five years after my decease., and the other Seventy Pounds after or within one year after my wives decease.

            Item.    I give unto my daughter Mary (who m. Wesson) two hundred Pounds; one hundred to be paid In corrant Bills of Credit or Passable Money when she is twenty-one years of age or at her marage, and the other hundred, thirty pounds to be paid within five years after


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my wives decease.

            Item.    My will is and I doe hereby order that my son Benja., out of what I have given him, Pay the two first payments to Bridget and Mary one hundred each, and the said Sixty pounds to my loving wife.

            Item.    I will and order that the Remaining Part of the Legesis of my Son Benjamin shall pay Eighty Pounds and Samuel my son shall pay one hundred Pounds, and my son Zachariah shall pay sixty pounds and payment to be made in Corrant Bills of Credit or in Passable Money, and they shall pay Proportionably to Each Legasis as they shall become due.  My will is that three quarters of my Books be divided among all my children, and I doe hereby give all my wearing cloths (clothes) unto my two sons Samuel and Zachh, excepting my best Wig, and which I give unto my son Benjamin. And I doe give my Military Arms to be equally Divided between my sons Samuel and Zachariah, and all other Estate of what kind soever, not named in this Will I give to my Executor.

            And thus pauseing, by the help of God Finished this my last Will and Testament, I Revoke and disallow all other Wills and testament, and Ratify this and no other to be my last Will, and In Witness Whereof I the said Jonathan Poole have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Seal this Twelf day of Aprell in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and Twenty-three, and in the Ninth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, George,


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King of Greate Britten, &c &c.

            But if God should order that my Son Samuel or Zachariah should not live to be of Age and take possession of what I have Willed to either of them, then my Will is, and I order that that which was willed to that child (before) Death shall be equally Divided between the other two sons that I have given my land to in this will, and they shall pay the Legasie that was to be paid out of it, and allso pay my Son Jonathan fifteen pounds, my daughter (Elizabeth) Belknap twenty pounds, and to Bridget4 and Mary4 my daughters, fifteen pounds apiece, or, fifteen pounds to each of them.

Digned, Sealed, Published, pronounced and declared by the said Jonathan Poole as his last Will and testament.  In presence of us witnesses.

            Thomas Nichols 3d.

            Thomas Bancroft.

            Joseph Burnap.

                        (Proved June 10, 1723)

            On June 10, 1723, Jna. Poole and Thomas Bancroft were appointed guardians of his son Zachariah, and same date Nicholas Belknap of Boston, a son-in-law, and Joseph Burnap of Reading were appointed Guardians of hes Dau. Mary, who subsequently married Ephraim Wesson.


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            By his wife Bridget, daughter of Dea. Benjamin Fitch, one of the most respected citizens of Reading, and son of one of the earliest settlers, Esquire Poole had six sons and four daughters, namely:

27.       (i. Jonathan4, b. Sept. 14, 1692 [typo in manuscript 1792], d. Woburn, Feb. 8, 1755, m. Esther Flagg, a member of 1st church, 1720-21.

28.       ii. Benjamin4, b. Apr. 17, 1694, d, Dec. 17, 1732, m. Bethiah Mansfield, also recorded as of, 1st church, of Lynn, 2d, Mehitable Gibson of Boston, dau. of Benj., one of the Deacons of Brattle Street Church.

29.       iii. Zachariah4 b. Apr. 25, 1696, d. May 15, 1698.

30.       iv. Elizabeth4 b. Mar. 28, 1698 m. Nov. 24, 1720, Nicholas Belknap, son of Joseph and Abgail, of Boston, b. Oct. 15, 1695, and had children; Elizabeth b. Boston, Jan. 24, 1721-2 and Bridget, b. Sept. 29, 1724.

31.       v. Samuel4, b. Apr. 10, 1700, d. May 8, 1752, m. Rebecca Williams, (see Hobby’s remark).

32.       vi. William4, b. Feb. 24, 1702 and d. young.

33.       vii. Zachariah4 b. Mar. 25, 1708, d. Medford, Feb. 20, 1771, m. Rebecca Wade.

34.       viii. Mary4 b. June 30, 1711, d. June 5, 1737, m. Nov. 30, 1731, Ephraim Wesson, who d. April 21, 1769, and had Mary, b. May 26, 1734, d. ___ and Bridget, b. Aug. 1, 1736, d. June 18, 1738 – was 12 years old at her father’s death and placed under the guardianship of Joseph Burnap, Esq.

35.       ix. Judith4 b. Apr. 29, 1714, d. Sept. 8, 1717.


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36.       Bridget4, b. ____1719, d. May 2, 1723, on the same day with her mother, and twenty days before her father’s death.  We find no explanation to account for this singular mortality, of three deaths in one family in the same number of weeks.

11.       Samuel Pool3 Son of Capt. Jonathan2 and Judith (John1) was born in Reading July 27, 1671, and at the death of his father was seven years of age.  Receiving by will a portion of his Father’s estate, he married and removed to Boston. Was a carpenter and builder.  He was in the French and Indian War of 1711-12, and was Sergeant of Capt. H. Parker’s Company, his brother-in-law. His wife was Mary Parker, b. about 1671-2, dau. of Capt. Hananniah Parker, a representative, selectman and prominent inhabitant of Reading, whose son Capt. Hananniah fell at the siege of Port Royal in 1711, and who was ancestor of Capt. John Parker who commanded the Lexington Company in the battle of April 19, 1775, and of Rev. Theodore Parker of Boston.  He is recorded as joining the 1st church of Reading Oct. 27, 1689.  On June 19, 1696, he sold to Jonathan Poole, his elder brother, two acres of land in Saw Mill Meadow, in Reading.

            A list of tax payers of 1692, Sam’l Poole is recorded as assessed 8 shillings, and Jona., his brother, £1. 2s. 7d.  He was married Nov. 19, 1690 and died in Boston without issue, in 1697, leaving his wife a comfortable estate.  [The last two words flowed onto page 71 in the original, but typed here for clarity]


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The following is his will which was made Nov. 11, 1696.

            Will of Samuel Poole3 of Boston, 1697.

            The Last Will and Testament of Samyel Poole: Tho’ weak in body, yet in perfect mind and memory ; -

First, I give my Soul to God who gave it, and my body to be buried by my Christian Friends in hopes of a Joyful Resurrection at the last Day.

Secondly, I give to my dear and loving wife, Mary, by whole Estate; as to moveables, and my dividend of Swamp in Reading, and Fifty-five pounds of my other Estate to her and her proper dispose.  Furthermore I give to my dear and loving wife the use of my whole estate during her natural life, Except such a part of Incom as shall be taken off at her marriage.

Thirdly, I give to my brother Thomas Poole (who m. Rebecca Boutwell) and sister Elizabeth Poole (who m. Thomas Bryant) and to my cousin ((nephew) Jonathan Poole (who m. Esther, dau. of Col. Ebenezer Flagg of Woburn, and was son of his brother Jona. And Bridget Fitch) and to Cousin Samuel Bancroft (son of his sister Sarah Poole and Capt. Thomas Bancroft seven pounds apiece to be paid at my wife’s decease.  Furthermore I give to Judah Nichols (probably dau. of his sister Mary and James Nichols. Gooding.) twenty pounds, ten of it to be paid at her marriage, and the other to be paid at my wife’s decease, and furthermore I give to my cousin Nathaniel


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Poole, (son of his brother John Poole and Mary Eaton b Mar. 3, 1691-2, and 6 years old when this will was made probably d. young) the rest of my whole estate, that is not yet disposed of, and in case he should die before my wife at which time he should receive (it), then my will is that my wife shall dispose of it to one of my brother John Poole’s children or Jonathan Poole’s children, wch. She will.  And furthermore, In case my wife shall marry, My will is then that my cousin Nathaniel Poole should have a third part of the income of my estate if his Father will bring him up to the College.  Furthermore my will is that my executor with my wife, has full power with my wife to sell my house of land in Reading and to lay out the money in Boston to buy house and land where they see cause.  Furthermore I give them power to release the house I bought in Boston if they see cause.  Furthermore my will is that my trusty and well beloved Friends, my honored Father (in-law) Hananniah Parker and my brother John Poole to be my sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament.  Furthermore my will is that my loving Brothers, namely Thomas Bancroft and Jonathan Poole to be my Overseers of this my last Will and Testament, as witness my hand and seale.

Signed & sealed in the presence of us

Hananniah Parker

Samuel Frothingham.

Sarah Parker.                           Proved Jan. 19, 1697-8.

Inventory of Estate 311. 13. 4


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12.       Thomas Poole3, son of Capt. Jonathan2 and Judith (John1) was born in Reading, Feb. 9, 1673, d. Dec. 26, 1732, m. June 18, 1695, Rebecca, dau. of James and Rebecca (Kendall) Boutwell, who was b. April 6, 1666 (Eaton says 1674).  He joined the 1st church of Reading, Mar. 12, 1698, and his wife Aug. 10, 1701.  He was one of the Town trustees chosen in 1721 and also in 1728 to take charge of the town’s proportion of the Bills of Credit issued in those years by the General Court, and distributed to the different town pro rata according to the amount each paid in taxes.  His co-trustees were Thomas Bancroft and Peter Emerson.  He was chosen Selectman in the years 1717, 1720, 1722 and 1724.  Having no issue he divided his estate between his nephews and other members of his family, not forgetting certain persons who must have been either domestics of dependents of his household, and provided for his wife a handsome maintenance.


Will of Thomas Poole3 of Reading, 1732.


            In the Name of God Amen.  The Twenty Second Day of December in the Year of our Lord Seventeen Hundred and Thirty Two, in the Sixth Year of his Majesty’s Reign, George the Second, King of Great Britain, I, Thomas Pool Senr. Of the town of Reading in the County of Middlesex and Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Yeoman, being Sensible of illness of Body but of perfect Mind and Memory, blessed to God therefor:


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And calling to mind the Mortality of my Body, and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, Do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament:  That is to say Principally and first of all I give and recommend my Soul in to the Hands of God who gave it, and as for my Body I Recommend it to the Earth to be decently Buried in a Christian like decent manner at the discretion of my Executors, nothing doubting that att the General Resurrection I shall Receive the same again by the Might Power of God.  And as touching such Wordly goods and Estate as it has pleased God to bless me withal in this Life, I give and dispose of in the following manner and form.

            Imprimis:  I give to my Dearly and well beloved wife Rebekah Poole the use and improvement of the one half of my Homestead, That is to say, All the Lands adjoining togather wharever my house stands, the won hald of itt, and her sd. half shall be part of sd. Homestead where the House and barn stands, and the line of Division to Divide sd. Homestead shall run with the same points as the original lines of the Lotts run.  Together with the house and barn standing thereon.  Also I give to my wife the Improvement of about six acres of meadow or paster which I bought of Capt. Kendall Parker and Kendall Bryant Lying by Ash Swamp.  Also the Improvement of the one half of my Paster at Birbretch Hill, and the dividing Line shall run with the same


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points with the wall which I have made upon the other side of the Paster.  Also I give to my wife the one half of all my quick stock of all sorts of creatures and all my indoor moveables or Household stuff excepting some particular things which I shall give away in the my Will to other Persons.

            Item.    I give and bequeath unto my cousin (nephew) Thomas Poole son of my brother John Poole to Him and his Heirs all the Rest of my Lands which I have not already above given to my wife during her life, Provided He or They do acquit my Estate from all Debts which I ow him and pay and perform all and whatsoever I shall order and appoint him to do in this my will, Provided always that in Case my sd. Cousin Thomas Poole or his heirs of the next generation shall see good to sell any of the lands above given to him in this Will he or they shall sell it to Samuel Poole or his Heirs; but if they can’t agree upon the price thereof, Then my Will is that sd. Lands to be sold shall be apprized by Capt. Joseph Burnap, Nath1. Parker, jr., Raham Bancroft, Samuel Bancroft and Nath1. Stow, and shall apprise sd. Lands and if sd. Samuel Poole nor his heirs will not give the apprisement, then sd. Thomas Poole and his Heirs may sell sd. Apprised Lands to whomsoever they please, and in case any of the above named apprisers should dy, Then the survivors or remainder of them shall choose another person to keep their number whole for sd. apprisement.  Also I give to my sd. Cousin Thomas Poole the one half


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of all my quick stock and the one half of my husbandry tools or utensels.  Also my will is that whereas my quick stock is given the one half to my wife and the other half to my sd. Cousin Thomas Poole, tis here ordered that all my just Debts and funeral charges shall be paid out of them before the division to be made and the charges for settling of my Estate also.

            Item.    I give and bequeath to my Cousin Samuel Poole, son of my brother Jonathan Poole, all the Housing and lands which I have before given to my wife during her Life, which sd. Samll Poole shall have and Injoy forever, and his Heirs after my wive’s decease, Provided he and they pay and perform all and whatsoever I shall order and appoint him to do in this my Will.

            Item,    I give to my Cousin Thomas Collier the sum of thirty pounds which shall be paid to him by ye above sd. Samll Poole att the End of two years after my wive’s decease.

            Also my Will is that sd. Samll Poole, and hereby I do order him to pay thirty pounds to the Nor. Westerly part of the Old Parish in Reading call the Wood End, ifthey are a Precinct within three years after my wive’s decease, and if not, then sd. Thirty Pounds shall be paid to the Minister and Deacons of the Church in the old Parish afores’d to be disposed by them of s’d. Churche’s use which shall be paid within three years after my wive’s decease.

            Item,    I give to my Cousin (niece) Tabitha Pratt who


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lived with us sometime ago, the sum of Twenty Pounds which shall be paid to her by sd. Cousin Thomas Poole within three years after my Decease.

            Item.    I give to Rebecah Goodwin, wife of John Goodwin, jr., who also lived with us sometime ago, the sum of twenty Pounds, which shall be paid to her by sd. Cousin Samll Poole afordsaid after my wive’s decease.  Also my will is that my wife shall have my Annotations and Concordance, During her life, and then they shall be Samll Poole forever.  Also I give to my Cousins (nephews) James and Jonathan Nickols all my wareing Clother and Cane, and after my wive’s decease my Greate Bible.

            Item.    I give to Mary Cowdry, who now lives with us the sum of twenty Pounds, which shall be paid to her by my s’d. Cousin Samll Poole within two years after my decease. Farther my will is and I do give my Negro Man, (probably the Negro Man Bedford bequeathed to his sister-in-law Bridget on the death of Jonathan Poole her husband 1723) to s’d. Samll Poole, And further I give to my wife my horse, furniture, and the use of half my Husbandry tools, and at the decease sd. Husbandry tools shall be my sd. Cousin Thomas Poole’s.  Also I give my Gun to sd. Thomas Poole and my Rapier and Belt to Samll Poole.


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My will is that sd. Samll Poole and Thomas Poole shall sett up gravestones at the head and foot of my Grave, and further they two shall have and enjoy all what forever of my Estate that is nott giving (given) away before in this my Will.

            And my Will is, and I do hereby nominate, Constitute and ordain my well beloved wife Rebeccah Poole and my cousin Samuel Poole to be the Executers of this my last Will and Testament, and I do hereby utterly Disallow and Desanull, Revoak and make Void all and every other former Wills and Testaments, Executors, Executrix, by me made before this time, Ratifying and Confirming this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament.

            In witness whereof I have sett my hand and affixed my seal the Day and year above written. Signed, sealed, Published and Declared by the s’t. Thomas Poole as his last Will and Testament in Presence of us the subscribers.

Nathl. Stow.

Kendal Parker             [ handwritten the word signature here]

Joseph Burnap.            Proved and allowed Feb. 12, 1732-3.

            Thomas Poole’s widow, Rebecca Boutwell, three years after made the following Will in which she alludes to the “Small Estate” she should leave to her relatives, having as seen above only a life interest in the Poole property.


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Will of Rebecca Poole of Reading, 1735-6.

            In the name of God, Amen, The Nineteenth Day of March, Seventeen Hundred and Thirty-five-six, in the Ninth Year of our Sovereigh Lord George the Second, King of Great Britton, I Rebeccah Poole of Reading in the County of Middlesex and Providence of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, widow, and Relique of Capt. Thomas Poole, late of Reading, Deceast, Being on good Bodily Health & of Perfect Mind and Memory, Thanks be given God therefor, yet calling to mind the mortality of my Body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this is my last Will and Testament.

            That is to say, Principally and first of all my Soul I give to and Recommend into the hand of God who gave it, and my Body I commend it to the Earth to be buried in a Christian like manner at the Discretion of my Brother Deacon Thomas Boutell and my brother-in-law Ebens Emerson nothing doubting but that I shall Receive the same again by the mighty Power of God.  And as touching such worldly goods and Estate as it hath pleased God to bless me withal in this Live, I give and dispose of in the following manner and form.

            Imprimis.         My Will is that all my just debts, funerall charges and charges for settling my Estate, shall first of all be paid out of the Small Estate that I shall have at my decease, and Then my Will is that all


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The rest of my Estate shall be, whether Real or Personall moveable or Imoveable, shall be Equally Divided amongst all my Brothers and Sisters that are liveing or shall be living at my decease, and the Heirs of those of any Brothers and Sisters that are or shall be dead or deceast att that time.  That is to say all the children or heirs of one Brother or Sister that is dead, shall receive and enjoy as much of my Estate as one of my Brothers of Sisters yt shall be alive att my decease and no more.  My Brothers and Sisters that are now living are Deacon Thomas Boutall, Kendal Boutell, Sarah Townsend, Tabitha Cowdrey, Mary Emerson and Elizabeth Hartshorn, and those that are Deceased were James Boutall and John Boutell.  And among all those my brothers and sisters above mentioned whether living or dead, and their heirs, shall all my Estate be Divided as aboves’d.

            Lastly my Will is and Hereby I do nominate, Constitute and ordain my well beloved Brother Deacon Thomas Boutall and my Brother-in-law Ebens Emerson to be joint Executors of this my Last will and Testament, hereby disallowing and Disannulling all other Wills and Executrs Ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament, the Day and Year above written.

            The within written Will was signed, sealed, Published and Declared by the sd. Rebeckah Poole to be her Last Will and Testament, in the presence of


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Jona Eaton

Isaac Burnap

Nathl. Stow.

            From the records of the first church of Reading in 1722, then under the charge of the pious and Godly Revd. Richard Brown, we derive the following account of the attempt of that eminent divine to establish a system of congregational singing “by Rule” and his melancholy discomfiture therein; notwithstanding his “having been encourage” by several prominent parishioners, especially Capt. Jona. Poole and his son Thomas.

            “Anno. 1722.  There having been sad confusions, in which I often have observed for several years past, (and did often in the Public mention which trouble, and prey might be reformed) in our singing: Some were above others, some before others, and all was, as I apprehended, for want of going more together, which I urged to no purpose  And understanding that there was a Rule, I looked on it, and conceiving ye knowledge and keeping of ye Rule, would prevent this confusion in that part of our public worship, I promoted learning to sing to that End: several public lectures were had to promote it; then I preached by myself, and 2d by Mr. Wm. Symes, and 3d by Mr. Fiske, where much was said to encourage it, and in each of which they sang four times exact by the Rule, no man opposing; a School was set up, many, both men and women, learnt; some indeed were not so clear


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in it (as by mistake) conceiving it Popery; but at length, having been incouraged by several, as by all the Deacons, Capt. Jonathan Poole, Capt. Burnap, Ensign Bancroft, Sergt. Thomas Poole, Lieut. Bryant and Lieut. Kendal Parker, (most of whom came to the School) that learnt, the first night they begun, they sung with the wisht success, (4 of his family)(Kendall Parker’s) attended the school; he learnt himself; sang by Rule in his family, divers months together; and as I observed sung by Rule in the public, and as I hear set the tune by Rule 3 times in the Public, on day when I was sick; and being urged by some to bring it into the assembly, and especially by Deacon Boutwell, the eldest Deacon several times; On Nov. 8, being the thanksgiving day after the public worship was over, I proposed it to the church and congregation to sing by Rule; and by what I had heard, not expecting any opposition, I said that if they were all willing, I would take their silence for consent, and no man answered one word, but all were silent and went away” Richard Brown.

            The church records of the previous year give a “Catalogue” of the members in full communion among which are the names of Thomas Poole3 and Rebecca his wife, Sarah Poole, (dau. of John3 (of Lynn) Jonathan Poole4  (bro. of Jonathan) Lieut. John3 (of Lynn) and Mary his wife, and Judith Poole4 who married, same year James Boutwell of Reading.


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15.       John Poole4 son of Lieru. John3 and Mary, (Jona2, John1) was b. in Reading before his father removed to “Lynn End”, Jan. 20, 1689-90, married 1st May 6, 1709 Sarah, Dau. of Jonas & Hannah Eaton, who was b. Reading, Mar. 25, 1693 & d. Nov. 30, 1728, and m. 2d July 8, 1729, Hannah, dau. of Jonas and Hannah Eaton, who was b. Reading, Mar. 25,1693 & d. Nov. 30, 1728 and m. 2d July 8, 1729, Hannah, dau. of Thomas and Hannah Vinton of Woburn and widow of Thomas Green of Reading, and who d. Feb. 20, 1753.  Besides considerable land in Lynn he owned property in Lunenberg, having, with his brother Timothy on May 13, 1726, bought 200 Acres in the South town on the West of Groten Common, called Turkey Hill.


Will of John Poole4 of Reading, 1753.


            In the name of God, Amen.  I, John Poole of Reading in the County of Middlesex and Province of the Massachusetts bay in New England, Yeoman, being under indisposition of body but of Sound and Disposing mind, Thanks be to God theirfor, Calling to mind my own frailtie, and knowing that all Men must die, - Do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament, In manner following – (That is to say, First of all I recommend my Soul to God who gave it to me, and Commend my body to the Earth to be buried in a Decent and Christian like manner, by my executors hereafter named not Doubting but that I shall again Receive the same at the Last Day) and as to my Worldly Estate that God in his providence hath blessed me with, I dispose of in the following manner:

            First, My will is that all my Just Debts and funeral


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charges shall be payed by my Executors hereafter named, in convenient time after my Decease.

            Item, My Will is, and I do hereby give unto my Eldest Son John5 Poole, who m. Mary Parker, over and above what I have all reddie given to him, My Cloak and Fore pounds lawful money, which fore pounds I order my Executor hereafter named to pay to my said Son John or his heirs at the End of one year after my Deceas.

            Item, My will is, and I do hereby give unto my Son James5 Poole, who removed to Lunenburg, his heirs and assigns all my lands in Luningburg, in the county of Worchester; and I give to my said Son James a part of my waring apparel, that is, my black leather Jac-coat and Breaches, and I give to my said Son James Fore pounds lawful money to be payed him by my Executor hereafter named, and I Do hereby order my Sd. Executro to pay the aforesaid fore pounds to my Son James of his heirs at the End of two years after my Decease.

            Item, My will is and I do hereby Give, unto my son Jonathan Poole his Heirs and assigns, all my housing and Lands lying and being in the Township of Reading, and I give to my sd. Son Jonathan all my quick Stock and the hay in the barn, and all my out Dore moveables, and I Give to my sd. Son Jonathan all the Provitions in the hous, and all my Cyder barrells and meal tubs, and I give unto my sd. Son Jonathan, my Gun, and all the money that I shall Leave at my Decease; and all the bds or


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bond for money or what ever Debts may be due me, and I give to my son Jonathan all my waring apparel that is not above given away, all the aforesaid housing and Lands in Reading and the several other artikles Given above to my Son Jonath4 Poole I do give to him, his heirs, &c; he or they paying what I have all Readie ordered or shall hereafter order hime to pay and perform in this my will.

            Item, My will is and I Do Give unto my Dafter Sarah Gale, wife of Wm. Gale, the Sum of thirteen pounds Six shillings and Eight pence Lawful money, To be payed to her or her heirs in the following manner by my Executor; That is: Six pounds thirteen Shilling fore pence at the End of two years after my Decease, and Six pounds thirteen Shillings and fore pence at the end of three years after my Deceas.

            Item, My will is and I Do Give unto my Dafter Elizabeth Prat, wife of John Pratt the Sum of Twenty pounds Lawfull money, To be payed to her or her heirs by my Executor in the manner following, that is to say: Six pounds thirteen Shillings and fore pence at the end of one years after my Decease, and Six pounds thirteen Shillings and fore pence at the End of two years after my decease, and the other Six pounds thirteen shilling and fore pence at the end of three years after my Decease.  And further my will is and I do give unto my two Dafters above mentioned all my household goods that are not above given to my Son or Sons to be equally


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Divided between them.

            And my Will is and I Do Constitute and appoint my Son Jonathan Poole to be my only and Soul Executor to this my Last Will and Testament, and I Do hereby Revoak all former Wills and Testamennts and do Ratifie and Confirme this and this only to be my Last Will and Testament.

            In witness whereof I, the said John Poole have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal, this twenty seventh Day of February, Anno Domini One Thousand Seven hundred and Fifty and Three, and in the Twenty Sixth year of his Majesties Reign, George the Second, King of England, &c.

Signed, sealed, published, pronounced and declared by the said John Poole to be his Last Will and Testament, In the presence of us

Benja. Brown, Jr.                                                        [Handwritten, the word: signature)

John Bouttell

John Temple.


Inventory of Real Estate




   71. 5.5






50 Acres Land in Lunenburg.


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            By his wife Sarah Eaton, he had seven children, and so far as known, none by his 2d wife Hannah (Vinton) Green.  These children were:


37.       i.          John5, b. Apr. 10, 1713, m. Apr. 19,1733, Mary Parker, d._____

38.       ii.         Nathaniel5, b. Apr. 13, 1714, was living 1743 under guardianship, non-compos.

39.       iii.        James5, b. abt. 1718, rem. to Lunenburg.

40.       iv.        Jonathan5, b. Jan. 14, 1720, m. 1st Mary Leaman, 2d Mary Sheldon.

41.       v.         Sarah5, b. Nov. 25, 1721, m. 1742, Wm. Gales, bro. of Edmund of Marblehead.

42.       vi.        Elizabeth5, b. Mar. 5, 1723-4, m. John Pratt, son of Saml. And Joanna b. 1723, children: John b. Mar. 26, 1748: Nathl. B. Nov. 12, 1749; Edward b. July 28, 1752: Elizabeth b. Aug 9, 1754.

43.       vii        Ephraim5, May 11, 1726.


16.       Nathaniel Poole4, son of Lieut. John3 and Mary, (Jona2, John1) was b. Mar. 19, 1691: by his uncle Samuel3 was made residuary legatee to his whole estate after the death or marriage of his widow, and the payment of the bequests to his relatives named in his will.  He was to have had also the third of the income of the Estate if the widow should marry, provided his father “will bring him up to the Colledge”.  This liberal allowance evidently failed in its purpose, as we hear no more of Nathaniel, who must have died at an early age,


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and the property reverted to one of his brothers or a cousin.


21.              Timothy Poole4, son of Lieru. John3 and Mary (Jona2, John1) was b. Lynnfield (now North Saugus) on the original homestead of 1636.  He was a member of the Church of Lynnfield under pastorate of Rev. Nathaniel Sparhawk, and a deacon of the Second Church.  He was purchaser of lands in Lunenburg in Worchester County, as was also his brother John.  Among the deeds recorded in that County are the following: one tract purchased April 12, 1738 from James Burbeen of Boston, “in 2d. Division” “one proprietor’s share” in Narragansett township No. 2 and houselot No. 88, from Stephen Wellman of Lynn, purchased Mar. 20 1740, one hundred Acres from Joseph Goodridge of Lunenberg, Feb. 8, 1742, all the right of Nathan Goodwin of Boston in Narragansett township No. 2 and houselot No. 60, Aug. 4, same year; six hundred Acres in that town formerly belonging to William Clark of Boston in 1746.

He sold to Samuel4 Poole of Lynn, June 16, 1738, of this Lunenburg property 106 acres, to Thomas Stearns of Lynn; Nov. 28, 95 acres bounded by land of Sam’l4 and John4 Poole; to Paul Upton of Salem, Nov. 20 1741, 130 acres bounded by land of Jona.4 Poole of Woburn; to Hon. Timo. Lindall of Salem, June 2, 1746, 600 Acres


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to Hon. Josiah Willard of Boston, June 15, 1747, 100 Acres, and finally to Thomas Stearns of Lunenberg 145 Acres, bounded by Saml. Poole. It thus appears that all his interest in the Lunenburg property, amounting to eleven hundred and seventy six acres, was disposed of before his death, and his will also shows that the real property he died possessed of was situated in Stoneham, Lynn, and Reading.

He married, Nov. 9, 1725 Elizabeth, dau. of John and Tabitha Goodwin of Reading, who was b. Sept. 24, 1706 and d. at Lynnfield, May 5, 1796, in her 90th year.  His death occurred Feb. 28, 1753, at the age of 56, at the ancient homestead, near Saugus River.


Will of Timothy Poole4 of Lynn, 1753.

In ye Name of God, Amen.

The twenty-third day of February, One thousand, Seven Hundred and fifty-three, I, Timothy Poole of Lynn in ye County of Essex, in ye Province of ye Massachusetts Bay in New England, Esquire, being weak of Body but of perfect mind and memory, wherefore Calling to mind my mortality and that it is appointed for all men once to Die, Do make and ordane this is my Last Will and testament, that is to say;- Principally and first of all I Give and Recommend my Soul to God that gave it, and my Body I Recommend to the Earth to be Buryed in a Decent Christian Burial, at ye Discresion of my Executors, nothing doubting by at ye Generall Resurrection I shall Receive ye same again by the mighty power of God.  And concerning


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such worldy Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in the Life, I Give, Devise and Dispose of ye same in ye following manner and form:

            Imprimis, My Will is, and I Do Hereby ordain that my Land and Building at Stonham, my Land which I bought of Mr. Joseph Eaton, on the South Side of ye Way that Leads from my House to ye Meeting House and the Land I bought of my Brother John4 Poole, shall be sold to pay my just Debts and funeral Charges, and what that will not Pay to be Pay’d out of my Personal Estate.

            2ly.      My Will is, and I Give and Bequeath unto my well beloved Wife Elizabeth one third Part of my Household Stuff to be at her Dispose:

            3ly.      I Give to my Beloved Wife ye Improvement of all my Estate both Real and Personall, until my Son John Poole Doth come to ye age of Twenty-one years, and then one-third of my Real Estate, so long as he shall Remane my Widow, Excepting what is to be sold.

            4ly.      My Will is and I Do Give and Bequeath to my Son John Poole all my lands and Buildings in Lynn and Reading and all my out Lands Excepting what I have ordered to be Sold, and my Right in ye Saw Mill and Corn Mill, and my Will is and I Do Give to my sd. Son John all my quick Stock and Husbandry Utencils after my Debts and funeral charges are paid.

            5ly.      My Will is that Daughter Susannah shall have One Hundred and thirty three pounds Six Shillings and Eight pence Lawful Money, Forty Pounds to be paid when


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shee shall come to ye age of Eighteen years, or if she should marry before that time, to be Paid at her marriage and then thirteen pounds Six Shillings and eight pence a year yearly till ye whole is paid.

            7ly.      My Will is that my Daughter Sarah Poole shall have One Hundred and thirty three pounds Six Shillings and Eight pence, Lawful Money, Sixty pounds to be paid to her when she comes to ye age of Eighteen years, but if she shall marry sooner, then to be paid at her marriage, and then thirteen pounds Six Shillings and Eight pence a year yearly till ye whole is paid.

            ly.        My Will is that my Son John Poole Pay of Cause to be pay’d all the sums of money above mentioned at the times above mentioned, but in Case my Son John shall not live to the age of one and twenty years, then my will is that what is given to him in this my will shall be Equally Divided among my Daughters, and in case one of my Daughters Die before they come of age, to Receive their Portions then my will is that what they were to have shall be Equally Divided between ye other two Daughters.

            ly.        I give to my beloved wife my Silver Tancard and the one half of my Books, over and above her thirds of ye household stuff, excepting my Great Bible and Law Book.

            ly.        I Give my Son John my Clock and my Great Bible and Law Book, and the other half of ye Rest of my Books, and my Military Arms and my Sword, and the Remainder


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of my indore moveables, and my Neagro named Primas.

ly.        My will is that if my wife should marry that shee shall have one pound six shillings and eight pence a year yearly during her natural life.

ly.        I appoint and my will is that my wife Elizabeth and Deacon Brown Emerson shall be ye Soul Executors of this my Last Will and Testament.

Signed sealed and Declared to

Be Timothy Poole Last will and testament in presence of us

John Swaine.

Joseph Eaton.

Nathaniel Bancroft.                Will proved April 23, 1723.


            The guardianship of John, son of Capt. Timothy4 Poole, was granted to Dr. Joshua Barnam of Ipswich, April 23, 1753, and at the same date that of the two daughters Betty and Sarah Poole to their Mother Elizabeth Poole.

            The inventory of the Estate amounted to £2441, 5 s. 8 d, and among the list of debts due deceased were certain sums from John and Zachariah Poole, his first cousins.

            The children of Capt. Timothy by his wife Elizabeth were:-

44.       i.          Elizabeth5, b. Sept. 9, 1727, d. Jan. 7, 1728-9

45.       ii.         A son5, b. May 14, 1729, d. May 18, 1729.


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46.       iii.        Susannah5, b. July 16, 1730, d. May 19, 1759 unmd.

47.       iv.        Timothy5. b. Oct. 6, 1732, d. Sept. 10, 1736.


48.       v.         John5, b. June 10, 1735, m. 1st Sarah Townsend and 2d Susannah _______ d. May 1, 1798.

49.       vi.        Timothy5 b. Aug. 10, 1738, d. Sept. 23, 1738.

50.       vii.       Betsey5, b. Aug. 18, 1742, m. Oct. 10, 1760, Joseph, son of Timothy and Jane (Belknap) Winn of Woburn, who was b. July 3, 1734, and d. April 30, 1871.  He served as Lieut. In the Revolutionary War and after its close was prominent as a citizen, being Chairman of the first board of Selectmen, chosen on the incorporation of the town of Burlington, Mass., and was one of the overseers of the Poor.  Capt. Winn by his wife Betsey Poole had the following children – Timothy Winn, b. Aug. 12, 1763; John, b. Dec. 20, 1765; Abel, b. Dec 9 1767; Betsey b. Mar. 15, 1770; Susanna, b. Nov. 2, 1771; Benjamin b. Apr. 9, 1774; Sarah b. June 10, 1776; Pamela b. Jan. 7. 1778 and d. before 1843, Jerusha, b. Jan. 25, 1780 and Lucy b. Jan 22, 1782 and Olive, b. Dec. 6, 1784.

51.       viii.      Timothy5, b. Dec. 7, 1744, d. Aug. 3, 1746.

52.       ix.        Sarah5, b. Dec 17, 1747.


22.              Thomas Poole4, son of Lieut. John3 and Mary (Jona2, John1) was b. “Linfield homestead” May 8, 1708, removed to Reading and here m. Eunice Green, dau. of William and Elizabeth (Farmer) Green, b. 1709.  He afterwards removed to Groton, Mass., where his youngest



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child was born, and died there 1748.  He was a yeoman.  By his wife Eunice he had:

53.       i.          Thomas5, b. March 23, 1729-30.

54.       ii.         Eunice5, b. Nov. 2, 1732.

55.       iii.        William5, b. Mar. 3, 1734-5.

56.       iv.        Mary5 b. Groton, Apr. 4, 1740


26.              Samuel Poole4, son of lieut. John3 and Mary (Jon2, John1) b. Lynnfield Aug. 13, 1716. m. Mar. 13, 1738-9, Prudence Townsend, prob. Dau. of John of Lynn, who was son of Andrew, son of Thomas, the original emigrant, who settled there in 1638.  He lived in the 1st Parish, and the records of the church there show that he officiated at the funeral of the Revd. Richd Brown of singing memory in 1733.  Among the funeral charges were several items indicating the comvivial character of the entertainment provided to assuage the grief of the morners attending the sepulchral rites at his burial.  On this occasion five pounds sterling were expended for wine, eighteen shillings for “Rhum” and upwards of ten pounds for provisions.  Of the children of Samuel and Prudence we have no account, if any there were, not of his estate.  He was the youngest son.

27.              Jonathan Poole4, son of Jona3, Esq. and Bridget (Fitch) (Jona2, John1) was born in Reading, Sept. 14, 1692, m. Apr. 16, 1714 Esther, dau. of Col. Eleazer, Flag of Woburn, and died Feb. 8, at Woburn to


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which place he removed a few years after his marriage. She died in 1759, and in Nov. 12 of that year, administration on her estate was granted her son Eleazer Flagg Poole, Thomas Read, Jona. Fox and William Belknap, all of Woburn.  He inherited the handsome estate of his grandfather Benjamin Fitch, conveyed to him during his father’s lifetime, by deed of gift, and by his father’s will received the paternal “cloak and cane”, having already received “a double portion” compared with the amounts received by his brothers, Benjamin, Samuel and Zachariah.  He sold the Estate on his removal to Woburn about 5 years before his father’s death. He was prominent in church affairs, and is recorded as a member of a committee appointed in July 18, 1728 to inform the Rev. Edwd. Jackson of his election as colleague to Rev. Mr. Fox. He was charged with the special duty of providing a banquet at the ordination of that minister, and rendered the following account with the expense of the same, for “subsisting” the Ministers, Messengers and Gentlemen in the time of Mr. Jackson’s ordination.



For 433 Dinners at 2s. 6d a Dinner


  Suppers & Breadfasts, 178,


  Keeping 32 horses 4 days,

  3. 0.0

  Six Barrels & one half of Cyder,


  25 Gallons of Wine,


  2 Gallons of Brandy & 4 gallons of Rhum


  Loaf Sugar, Lime Juice & Pipes





83.  9.6


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This union of pastor and Colleague, though ushered in by such liberal hospitality and profuse vinous  absorption proved to be an unhappy and discordant one, resulting in the breading up of the church organization; about two-fifths of the members withdrawing and forming an independent church.  A petition was drawn up by Mr. Jona. Poole  and others, and presented to the legislature asking to be excused from paying taxes for the support of Rev. Mr. Jackson, and praying for the division, which was granted, in Sept. 1746.

From the Woburn town records we learn that in 1738, “upon petition of Nathaniel Saltonstall, Esq., Jonathan Poole, Esq. and Captain Isaac Du Pee, gentlemen of distinction in the town from abroad, that they might each of them be allowed to build pews for themselves, the town voted liberty to the former gentlemen to set in the pew once occupied by Colonel Tyng, but denied all of them the liberty to build any more.”  The reason for this action is stated to be, that in 1713, the town of Woburn had by special favor allowed Col. Jonathan Tyng, a gentleman from Boston, who had been one of the Governor Edmund Andros’ Council, to build a pew in the meeting house, at his own cost, which was to be the town’s property after his own and his lady’d decease.  In March, 1716, leave was given to the daughters of four of the principal families to build a pew to sit in, with the proviso that it revert afterwards to the town.


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This privilege was revoked six months later on account of the disturbance excited by the conferring of this exclusive privilege.

            Mr. Jona. Poole was a Selectman from 1737 to 1744.  He was a member of a committee of nine who were appointed trustees for the sum of £3300, proceeds of the sale of 2000 acres of land at Lunenburgh, which trust he held till the day of his death in 1755, at which time he was the Chairman of the Committee.

            In the old grave yard of Woburn, may still be seen his tomb-stone, bearing the following inscription”


Here Lyes Buried the Body of

Jonathan Pool, Esq.

Who departed this life

Feby 8th, 1755, Aetat 63.

The Righteous are taken away from Evil to come

While ye Living lay it not to their Hearts.

The Memory of the Just is Blessed.



His character was that of an upright, pious and exemplary Christian.  He was active in religious affairs, devoted to the interests of his Church, and greatly respected by the community in which he lived so large a portion of his life. He left at his decease a considerable estate, derived from his father by gift and from his father-in-law Col. Flagg, who was one of the most prominent of the citizens of Woburn, b. in 1670 and died July 12, 1726.


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            By his wife Esther Flagg, b.       d. 1759, he had the following children:

57.       i.          Esther5, b. Reading, Apr. 16, 1717, m. abt. 1738, Joseph Burbeen.

58.       ii.         Bridget5, b. Reading, July 15, 1720, d. July 7, 1726.

59.       iii.        Eleazer5 Flagg, b. Reading, July 7, 1724, d. Aug. 4, 1724. (Gravestone Dec. 4, 1724).

60.       iv.        Jonathan5, b. Woburn, Aug. 8, 1728, d. July 23, 1736.

61.       v.         Eleazer Flagg5, b. Woburn, May 24, 1734, d. Mar 17, 1776, m. Mary Carter.


28.Benjamin Poole4, son of Jona3 Esq. and Bridget (Jona2 John1) was born in Reading, April 17, 1694, d. Dec. 17, 1732, m. 1st July 16, 1715, Bethiah, dau. of Daniel and Hannah Mansfield of Lynn, who was b. Oct. 4, 1695, d.      M 2nd., Dec. 17, 1723, Mehitable, dau. of Benjamin and Mehtiable Gibson of Boston, who was born Aug. 5, 1706.

            He was a farmer and also a magistrate as his father was before him, and inherited one-half the homestead farm of his father, buy his will (p. 60) and was made sole Executor and residuary Legatee, besides falling heir by the same instrument to the magisterial Wig, (an awful edifice constructed in those days of horsehair, and calculated to strike terror into the minds of evil dis-


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posed persons) succeeding him in the office of Justice of the Peace.  He was also one of the Selecmen, but dies at the early age of 38, in the full career of his usefulness.  In the records and tradition of his name is always mentioned with respect.  He joined the 1st Church at Reading, June 29, 1718, and his wife Bethiah, Sept. 20, 1719.  Administration was granted on his estate to his widow Mehitable, March 5, 1732.  Sureties, Kendall Parker of Reading and Benj. Gibson of Boston.  Inventory March 22, 1733, 1589.  Among the items are, One Negro Woman at 60, and one grist mill, at 300.

            Thomas Mansfield clothier of Lynn, and his wife Bethiah, daughter of Benj. And Mehtiable Poole, acknowledge receipt of 83, dd, with a Silver Tankard and sundry clothing, amounting in all to 114, paid them by Benjamin Gibson of Boston.

            The following receipt also occurs: Reading Oct. 13, 1730, Received of Benjamin Poole, Esq. Five Pounds, as Executor to ye Estate of his honoured Father Jonathan Poole, Esq., deceased, who was Exceutor to ye Estate of Deacon Benjamin Fitch, deceased, as a Legacy gave me by ye said Deacon Benj. Fitch, In his Last Will and Testament.

            I say rec’d. in full by me.

                                                Joseph Pierpont.


            By his wife Bethiah (Mansfield) he had one daughter.

62.       i.          Bethiah5 b. Aug. 24, 1718, d. previous to 1751. She m. Thomas, son of Daniel and


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Joanna Mansfield of Lynn, who was b. May 24, 1717, d. by a fall from a horse, Sept. 11, 1758.  Mr. Mansfield m. after decease of 1st wife Bethiah, Ann Robie, of Boston, His Children, all by Bethiah, were Thomas; Samuel; Ann and Benjamin. By his wife Mehitable (Gibson) dau. of Benjamin Gibson of Boston, who was one of the deacons of Brattle Street Church, he had the following children:

63.       ii.         Benjamin5, b. Feb. 14, 1724-5.

64.       iii.        William5, b. Feb 13, 1725,-6, m. Hannah Nichols, d. Hollis, H. H. Oct. 27, 1795.

65.       iv.        Meitable5, b. Jan. 22, 1727-8, m. April 6, 1749, Capt. Joseph Fitch of Boston, son of Joseph & Margaret, who was b. Aug. 21, 1724.

66.       v.         James5, b. Sept. 29, 1729.

67.       vi.        Bridget5, b. July 2, 1731.

68.       vii.       Samuel5, b. Jan. 21, 1732-3 m. 3 wives, Jerush, Mehitable & Hanna.


31.       Samuel Poole4, son of Jona2, Esq. and Bridget (Jona2 John1) was b. Reading April 10, 1700, d. May 8, 1752.  Married Dec. 11, 1729, Rebecca Williams of Lynn, who was b. 1713 and d. Feb. 6, 1663.  He was admitted to membership in the 1st Church, Reading Feb. 24, 1739.  He was also admitted by letters of dismission from Lynn End (Lynnfield) May 16, 1731.  He was a farmer and occupied the estate of Reading received by will from his cousin Thomas Poole, (see p. 75)  and on which was the large house afterwards converted into a tavern, and kept


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By Mr. Stephen Hale, also for many years, by. Mr. Leonard Wiley, whose heirs now own the property, though the old hostelry has disappeared, having been taken down in 1865.  He was greatly beloved by his neighbors and popular with all.  The Rev. Wm. Hobby, in recording his death in the church books, says, “He was my kind and good neighbor”.  In 1740 he was one of the Selectmen.  The Probabe Records contain the following:

            Reading, January 12, 1725-6.  Know all men by these presents, yt I, Samuel Poole of Reading in ye County of Middlesex and Province of ye Massts Bay in New England, Yeoman, having received a Negro, Bedford, according to his honored father’s intention, doth fully acquit and discharge my brother Benjm, him, his heirs, Executors, administrators and assigns from all ye Estate of our honoured father given to my brother Benjamin by Will and also from all ye Personal Estate yt above said Benjamin Poole has in his hand by administration.  And also, ye above said Samuel Poole having rec’d/ his full part according to our honoured father’s Will.

In Witness, my hand and Seal

In Presence of us                     [The word Signature hand written here]

James Pearson

Thomas Nichols.

            By his wife Rebecca he had the following children

69.       i.          Rebecca5, b. Jan. 11, 1730-1, d. Oct. 7, 1758, m. Jan. 31, 1754, Peter, son of Brown and Sarah Emerson of Reading, b. Nov. 29, 1726,


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And had 1 ch., Benjamin, b. March 2, 1755. After the death of Rebecca Poole he m. 2nd, July 14, 1761, Mary Dix, by whom he had: Peter, b. May 3, 1762, d. in Revo. Army Nov. 16, 1780: Jacob b. Feb. 13, 1764. Rebecca b. 1770, d. Mar. 4, 1787.

70.       ii.         Samuel5, b. Oct. 10, 1733, d. Dec. 26, 1783, m. Elizabeth Eaton.

71.       iii.        Jonathan5, b. Jan. 5, 1736-7, d. Nov. 14, 1791 age 54. m. Sarah Eaton.

72.       iv.        Mary5, b. July 9, 1740, d.     m. June 3, 1762, Joseph, son of Joseph and Ruth Underwood, of Wood End, Lynn, and resided on the place long occupied by Rev. Dana Clages. His family removed subsequently to North Reading.  Their children were: Mary, b. Aug. 15, 1763, and m. 1785, Thos. Nubs; Rebecca, b. May 27, 1765; Sarah b. 1769; d. Sept. 27, 1775; Martha b. June10, 1770; Lucy b. July 1, 1771, d. young; Joseph b. May 21, 1773 & d. young; Lucy b. Mar. 20, 1776, d. Jan.. 30, 1812, and Sally, b. Oct. 28, 1780.

73.       v.         Thomas5, b. Aug. 27, 1743, d. Sept. 13, 1744.

75.       vi.        Thomas5, b. Dec 8, 1748, d. Jan. 11, 1826, m. Mary Parker.


33.       Zachariah Poole4, son of Jona3 Esq. and Bridget (Jona2, John1) was b. Reading March 25, 1708, d. Medford Feb. 20, 1776, m. Sept. 18, 1729, Rebecca, dau. of Capt. Samuel and Lydia (Newhall) Wade of Medford b Jan. 28, 1713


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d. Mar. 18, 1773.  He removed to Medford from Reading in, 1731, after marriage, and sold the paternal estate in the former town to his brother Benjamin and tomBenj. Gibson, Esq. of Boston, the latter taking the homestead, consisting of 20 acres, with dwelling house, barn and orchard, which he subsequently sold to Noah Eaton, Esq., through whom it came into the possession of his grandson, the late Lilley Eaton, Esq., author of the Valuable History of Reading, and to whose heirs the property now belongs.  Mr. Poole purchased in 1734, an Estate in Medford, of John Hall, Esq., Richard Sprague, Messrs. Eleazer Wyer, senior and junior, of Dover, and Prudence Wyer of Boston, consisting of several tracts of land, with wharves and docks on Mystic River, “late the Estate of our grandfather Major Jonathan Wade of Medford”. He also bought of Benj. Willis the same year a “parcel of land and wharf adjoining “for £135 and in 1743 added to this by the purchase of Ebenezer Tufts for 150, a tract of orchard and mowing land. From the Medford town records we find that he was appointed in 1738 one of the School Committee to provide a suitable person to keep a school, (an institution much needed if we may judge by the composition of the Records of the period), and afterwards served successively as constable or deputy sheriff, auditor of accounts, assessor, Selectman, deer-reeve, fireward, and “Town Commissioner, to obtain some part of the lands belonging to Charlestown”.


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He was Deacon of the church of Medford, and for eight years consecutively on of the Selectmen, and in 1762, Chairman of the Board.  He is recorded as a subscriber to the amount of £21. 13s, 9 3/4d, to the fund for building the new church in 1770, and “made choice of pew No. 14”.  He died at the age of 68, two months prior to the battle of Lexington, and it is somewhat remarkable that of his seven sons three of whom attained maturity, none lived to participate in or be witness of that great struggle of the Revolutionary War.

            The following is a literal copy of his last Will and testament.


Will of Zachariah Poole of Medford 1773.

            In the name of God, Amen.

I, Zachariah Poole of Medford in the County of Middlesex and Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Gentlemen:- being of sound mind and memory and calling to mind the mortality of man, knowing that all must Die: do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament.

That is to say: Principally and first of all I give and recommend my Soul to God who gave it, and my Body I commit to the Earth to be buried in the late frugal way and manner that has been practiced: And touching such Worldly Estate as it hath pleased Almighty God to bless me withal; after my just Debts and funeral Expenses are paid, I Give Demise and Dispose of the same in the manner following:--


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Imprimis, I give and bequeath to my Son William, Sixty Pounds Sterling and my largest Silver Tankard.

Item, I give to my son Richard fifty pounds sterling and my next largest silver tankard.

Item. I give to my Grandson, Fitch Poole, a child of 12 years, son of Fitch Pool, “merchant of Boston”, whose father died in 1770, three before this Will was written, - a silver tankard weighing twenty-five ounces which I order to be purchased by my Executor hereafter named, out of my Estate and delivered him the said Fitch at lawful age.

Item, I give to my Grand daughter Ann Pool, a sister of above, my smallest silver can, to be delivered her at lawful age or marriage, which is all I design to give my Grandson Fitch and Grandaughter Ann Pool, inasmuch as Providence has provided for them and considering what I expended upon their Father to fit him for Business in life.

Item, I give to my Grand daughter Elizabeth Pool, a daughter of my Son Zachariah, decease, Fifty Pounds at (lawful) age or marriage, which with what I gave my said son Zachariah, in his lifetime, is all I propose to give her.

Item, I give to my four Daughters, Rebekah, Bridget, Elizabeth and Sarah, the remainder of my Silver Plate, to be equally divided between them.

Item, I give and bequeath all the Remainder of my Estate of what kinds soever, or wherever it may be found, to my sons William, who died at Danvers, Mar. 3, 1776.


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Two weeks after his father, and Richard, who died Dec. 9, 1781, three years after marriage, leaving no children, and to my daughters Rebekah, who married Aaron Hall, Esq. of Medford, Bridget, who married Daniel Gilman, Esq. of Exeter, H. H., Elizabeth, who m. John Wade, Esq. of Medford, and Sara, who m. Edmund Bancroft, to be equally divided between them (excepting as herein before given) each one allowing out of the same what they have already had of me, or in other words, deducting what I have paid them, towards their portion of my Estate.

            Item, I constitute and appoint my Well beloved son William Poole of Danvers, sole executor of this my last Will and Testament, and I do hereby Revoke, Disannul and make void all manner of former and other Wills and Testaments heretofore by me made or done or declared either in word or writing, Executor or Executors by me made or appointed, and do publish and declare this only to be my last Will and Testament.

            In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this Thirty-first day of May in the Year of Our Lord, One Thousand Seven hundred and Seventy-three, and in the Thirteenth Year of His Majesty’s Reign.

            Signed, sealed, declared and pronounced as the last Will and Testament of the said Zachariah Pool the testator, in the presence of us who subscribed our names as witnesses:


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Simon Tufts.

Sam’l Jenks.                            Proved May 11, 1776

David Vinton.


Rebecca, the wife of Zachariah Poole, was the daughter of Captain Samuel Wade of Medford (b. Dec. 1, 1683, d. Dec. 9, 1738)  and his wife Lydia (Newhall) of Lynn, and was b. in Medford, Jan. 28, 1713, and d. Mar. 18, 1773, a few weeks before the execution of the above Will.

            Capt. Wade was the fourth Son of Major Nathaniel Wade, who was b. in 1648, and d. Nov. 28, 1707, who was the son of Major Jonathan Wade, b. in Ipswich, and d. in Medford, 1683, whose wife was Deborah, dau. of Gov. Thomas Dudley. Maj. Jona. was one of the commanders of the famous Three County Troop of cavalry, mentioned the Indian Annals.

            Major Nathaniel, grandfather of Rebecca, married Oct. 31, 1672, Mercy Bradstreet, youngest daughter of Gov. Simon Bradstreet, whose wife was Anne (Dudley) celebrated as the first poetess of New England, and oldest daughter of Governor Thomas Dudley, who was first appointed Deputy, and afterwards, in 1634, Governor of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, which office he held till 1650. Gov. Dudley was a native of Northampton England, (born in 1576, d. July 31, 1653) His father Capt. Roger Dudley being a noted warrior of Queen Elizabeth’s time, descended from the second son of Baron Dudley, of the family of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, son of Edward Dudley, who was born in 1442, and became speaker


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of the House of Commons, and upon whom was confirmed the title and estate of Warwicks.  Capt. Roger having slain in battle while his children were young, Thomas was taken charge of by the Earl of Northampton, in whose family he resided for several years and was then placed at the study of the law by his mother’s relative Sir A[u]gustine Nicholls, one of her Majesty’s Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, and Keeper of the Great Seal.  At the age of 20 however, probably in recognition of this father’s services, he received from Queen Elizabeth a commission of Captain and led an expedition at the siege of Amiens in Pieardy.  On his return from the campaign he married, and became Steward to the great estates of the Earl of Lincoln, but imbibing the sentiments of the puritans among whom he was thrown, he decided to emigrate to New England, and came over in 1630, as Deputy Governor, as above stated.  His first wife Dorothy, died at Roxbury near Boston in 1643, and his second wife was Mrs. Catherine, widow of Samuel Hackburn (or Hagbourne) whose maiden name was Dighton.  After the Governor’s death she m. Rev. John Allen.  His numerous descendants have filled many distinguished positions in social and political life.  Among these were Gov. Joseph Dudley, Chief Justice Paul Dudley, Gen. Daniel Denison, Rt. Rev. Bp. Williams of Conn., Hon. Jacob Wendell, Dr. James Oliver, Wendell Phillips, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Wm. Ellery Channing, Rich’d. H. Dana, Hon. Wm. Whiting, Chief Justice Waite, Rev. Edw. E. Hale, & others of more or less note.


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[The next page attempts to display the connection between the Dudley, Wade and Poole lineage.  Unfortunately it is in portrait mode when landscape should have been used. I encourage you to look at the original through the above link because I do not trust my transcription.]


The following is a tabular summary of the Dudley, Wade and Poole connection:



Gov. Thomas Dudley m.                          | Dorothy.  b. England 1582 d. Roxbury Dec. 27, 1643

b. England 1576, d. Roxbury                   |


/                                   m.                           Catharine (Dighton) Hackburn wid. of Sam’l. “Hagbourne” of

|                                                               | Roxbury Mass.  She was a native of Somersetshire, Eng. – b.   d.

|                                                               | Aug. 29, 1671

| \___________­­­­­____­

| \

Anne Dudley2 the poetess b. 1612,                                           Deborah Dudley m           Jonathan Wade

m. 1628 d. Sept. 16, 1672, [m.]                                b. Feb. 27, 1645. | b. Ipswich

Simon Bradstreet Gov. of Mass. Colony.    | d. Medford

                :                                     |

                :     |

Dr. Samuel Bradstreet3 m. Mercy Tyng, 2d Mary Byley, 3rd Elizabeth                   |

Dorothy Bradstreet m Rev. Seabourne Cotton       |

Sarah Bradstreet m 1st Rich’d Hubbard 2nd Maj. Sam’l Ward                                |

Rev. Simon Bradstreet m Lucy Woodbridge                                                          |

Hannah Bradstreet m Andrew Wiggin of Exeter, H.H.                                           |

Dudley Bradstreet m. Anne (Wood) Price.                    ____________________­­­/


                   Mercy Bradstreet3 m.               Nathaniel Wade of Medford

b. Andover, Mass. 1647                       | m Oct. 31, 1672.

d. Medford Oct. 5, 1714                       | d. Nov. 28,1707    



Capt. Samuel Wade4 m. Lydia Newhall of Lynn.

b.Dec. 31, 1683      | m. Oct. 17, 1706.

d. Dec. 9, 1738.      | d. Medford



Rebecca Wade5 m                Dea. Zachariah Poole.

b. Jan. 28, 1713       |              b. Reading, Mar. 25, 1708

d. Mar. 18, 1773       |             d. Medford, Feb. 20, 1776.

________________ |_______________________

|        |                  |                                                   |-Elizabeth

|       Bridget d.y.  Zachr d.y. |-Rebecca & Aaron Hall of Medford

 William  |  m Mary Floyd                                      |-Bridget m Daniel Gilman of Exeter

_______­­­­­­­__­/   m Elizabeth Ward |-Zachariah m Elizabeth ---

|                         dau. of Miles,jr. a merchant            |-Sarah m Edmond Bancroft.

|                         & Hannah Derby of Boston            |-Richard m Frances Calef.

|                               | |-Fitch m Ann

|                               |_____________                                  |  Anne

|                                                           |                                 |   Fitch

|William  [m] Mary                                |                                

| |-Fitch m Elizabeth, dau. of Hon. M. Cutler of Hamilton

|Mary       m Hon. Jona. Ingersoll        |-Ward m. Sarah Perry, 2nd Rebecca Seecomb.

                of Salem whose dau.          |-Zachariah d. unm.

                by 1st wife m Nath               |-Nathanial d. unm.

                Bowditch, L.L.D.                  |-Benjamin d. young

            |-Elisabeth m Maj. Sylvester Osborne of Danvers.

|-Rebecca d young


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            Gov. Dudley’s son-in-law, Gov. Simon Bradstreet whose daughter Mary was the wife of Maj. Nathl. Wade, was b. at Horbling, Lincolnshire, England, in March, 1603.  At the death of his father he was placed under the care of Thomas Dudley, while preparing for college, and was admitted to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, but left before taking his degree, to enter the service of the Earl of Lincoln, the patron of Dudley.  Him he served as steward for a time, and also the Countess of Warwick in the like capacity. Joining the colony of Gov. Winthrop and Dudley, he emigrated in 1630, and arrived June 12 of that year at Salem, removing subsequently to Cambridge.  He remained here several years, but receiving a grant of 500 acres at Salem, “in the next convenient place to Gov. Endicott’s farm”, he removed there, and afterwards to Ipswitch and then to Andover., where he erected a Mill on the Cochichiwick River.  He was appointed Commissioner of the United Colonies in 1643, and in 1672 deputy Governor, which he held till 1679, when he was chosen Governor, holding that office until 1686, when his nephew Joseph Dudley succeeded him.  He retired from public life and died in 1697, Mar. 27, at Salem at the age of 94.  He married two wives, the first in England, Anne the poetess, who died Sept. 16, 1672, at Andover, the second a sister of Sir George Downing (Anne(Downing Gardner) of Gov. Bradstreet, Paige remarks, (Hist. Cambridge, “when he was reinstated Governor in 1689, he


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was 87 years of age, and incapable of energetic action.  Moreover he was timid and yielding in disposition”.  His great amiability of character may have doubtless contributed to this opinion of him. 

            In the inventory of the estate of Dea. Zachariah Poole is mentioned a large dwelling house near Medford Bridge, a large shop, a work house, two small shops, two wharves, a wood lot containing seven acres, one acre of mowing land “at old meeting house brook”, an acre near new Meeting house, and a pew numbered 14 in the same, - the latter valued at £80.  The inventory is very long, the values not being added up, except the real estate, which is appraised at £2.586 sterling.

            In the subsequent division of the real estate, Nov. 20, 1778, it was apportioned to the heirs as follows:


To the heirs of William Poole deceased, the wharf near Medford Bridge, £100: 1 acre of orcharding and plow land of £100 and the pew in the church £80 


To Rebecca Hall one half the large house & land


To Richard Pool the other half


To Bridget Gilman the acre of land by the brook


To the same, another piece of land


To Elizabeth Wade, two small shops with land


To the same “ a wood lot


To Sarah Pool the great shop and other buildings


Also a piece of land on road to Woburn



It appears by the book of accounts of the deceased that


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a charge as part of this portion was made by him against the following children:


William Pool deceased

£71.18. 4

Rebecca Pool


Elizabeth Pool





£276.5s 5d


The death of Zachariah Poole occurred on the 20th Feb., 1776, and his eldest son William of Danvers, who was named Executor of his will, survived him only two weeks, dying at Danvers, on the 3rd of March following.  His youngest and only surviving son Richard, was then under age, and the father-in-law of his daughter Rebecca, Stephen Hall, Esq. was appointed his guardian, in July 17, 1776.

            An item in the settlement of the estate is a bill of expenses, for travelling to Danvers “to bring the money belonging to the Estate; 4s 4d.”

            In the list of legacies are these items:

The largest Silver Tankard

39 oz.

The next ditto

25 “

A silver Can

12 “

26 Milled dollars to be paid for making a tankard

(23 oz.)


96 oz. of Plate.


            From contemporary records we learn that there were held in bondage 20 slaves in the town of Medford, one of whom named Scipio, is credited to Zachariah Poole, Esq.


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The enumeration took place in 1754, and from there being no further mention of him, it is probable he died before his master or was manumitted previously by him.  The adoption of the state constitution in 17[80]   forever abolished slavery in the State of Massachusetts.

            The business principally followed by Mr. Poole besides farming was that of the manufacture of leather, then largely used for clothing, and in his deed to Benj. Gibson conveying the Reading property, he is described as “Leather Dresser”.

            Dea. Zachariah Poole4 by his wife Rebecca Wade has the following children:

75.       i.          Bridget5, b. Reading, May 16, 1730, d. Oct. 7, 1734, Medford.

76.       ii.         William5, b. Medford, Apr. 16, 1732, d. Danvers, Mar. 3, 1776 – m. 1st, Mary Floyd, 2nd Eliz. Ward.

77.       iii.        Zachariah5, b. Medford March 9, 1733-4, d. Apr. 1734.

78.       iv.        Zachariah5, b. Aug. 24, 1735, d. young.

79.       v.         Fitch5, b. Medford, May 28, 1737, d. Boston Sept. 2, 1770- m. Ann

80.       vi.        Rebecca5, b. Medford Feb. 23, 1739 d. Mar 19, 1787, m. Jan. 3, 1760 Aaron, son of Stephen jr. and Mary Hall of Medford b. Apr. 23, 1737, d. Mar. 19, 1787 and had 1 child, Rebecca b. Nov. 9, 1760, who m. Aaron Putnam.


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81.       vii.       Bridget5, b. Nov. 22, 1742; d.        m. May 27, 1776, Daniel Gilman, Esq. of Exeter N. H. and had 2 ch. John b. 1778, d.       Sally b.        m. 1816 John Cate of Allentown, N. H., and had 1 ch. Rebecca Poole Cate, b. May 15, 1818, d. June 19, 1862, m. Oct. 2, 1844 Joseph B. Mitchell, Esq. of Lyndesboro, now of Hinsdale, H. H. and had 1 son and two daughters who d. in infancy.

82.       viii.      Zachariah5, b. Feb. 6, 1740, d. May 15, 1765.

83.       ix.        Elizabeth5, b. Dec. 1, 1745, d.       m. Jan. 22, 1766, John Wade of Medford.

84.       x.         Sarah5, b. Apr. 25, 1753.

85.       xi.        Richard5 b. Apr. 13, 1756, d. Dec. 9, 1781, m. Frances Calf.


37.       John Poole5, son of John4 and Sarah Eaton (John3 Jona2 John1) b. Apr. 10, 1713 d.     1759(?) m. April 19, 1733, Mary, probably dau. of John & Elizah Parker of Reading.

39.       James Poole5, son of John4 and Sarah Eaton (John3 Jona2 John1) b. 1718, was probably unmarried, removed to Lunenburg and occupied his father’s estate in that town. 

            Was a farmer, and by his father’s will  (p. 83) came into full possession of the property, containing fifty acres, together with a suite of clothes consisting of a black leather jack coat and breeches,


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and four pounds lawful money.  He was of Lunenburgh, 1754-62 and at Fitchburg 1789.


[ in margin before 40.] p.87

40.       Jonathan Poole5, (p, 87) son of John4 and Sarah Eaton (John3 Jona2 John1) b. Jan. 14, 1720, d. Sept. 11, 1799.  He married 1st, June 4, 1741, Mary Leaman of Charlestown, dau. of Samuel and Mary (Bryant) b. 1719-20, d. July 28, 1745, and 2d, 1746, Mary, dau. of Samuel and Sarah Sheldon of Billerica, b. Aug. 1, 1721, d. June 18, 1800.  His first wife Mary Leaman was admitted to membership 1st Church Reading, May 8, 1743, “by letters from ye Church in York”.  His second wife Mary Sheldon, was granted with several others in Feb. 8 1770, letters of dismission from Reading 1st Church to form a new ch. At Wood End, a precint in the Northwesterly part of the old parish of Reading.  He is recorded as one of the heroes of the Revolution from Reading, having served as Lieutenant in the Massachusetts line during the War of Independence.


            Will of Lieut. Jonathan Poole. 1795.

In the name of God, Amen.

            This twenty Sixth day of March in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninty-five, I Jonathan Poole of Reading, in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Gentlemen, being well in body and sound disposing mind and memory, thanks be to God therefor:  Do make and ordain this Instrument to be my Last Will and Testament:  And first of all, I commend my Soul to God who gave it, and my body to the Dust, to


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be decently buried at the Discretion of my Executor here after named; And as touching such Wordly goods and Estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give and dispose of the same infollowing manner and form:

            Item, I give to my wife Mary (Sheldon) Pool all my indorr moveables and household furniture to her own disposal forever, excepting what I shall otherwise dispose of in this my Will; and two Cows, as good as they rise, to her own disposal, and said cows be well kept winter and summer by my Executor with his own cows so long as my now wife shall remain my widow, and I give unto my wife so long as she remains my widow the use and improvement of the West part of my Dwelling House, I now live in, from the lower room florr to the top of the Garrett, and as much as the cellar under it as she shall have occasion for, and also of the Well.  I give to my said wife as much Wood as she shall have occasion for to burn, while she remains my widow, brought to the door fit for the fire, by my Executor hereafter named, and my Executor shall find her a horse and shases (chaise) to ride when she hath occation, and I order my Executor to provide and bring to my wife fit for use yearly and every year so long as she remains my Widow, Six Bushels of Indian Corn, four Bushels of Rie, fourty pounds of Pork, Sixty pounds of Beef well fatted-

            Item, I give to my eldest son Jonathan Pool and to his heirs and assigns forever, my dwelling house I now


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live in, reserving the privilege I have given to my said Wife in said house.  I also give to my said son Jonathan the east end of my Barn as it is not petitioned off, and all my buildings West of my dwelling house.  Also, two thirds of my part of my grist-mill and saw-mill, and all privileges thereto belonging in the same proportion.  I give to my son Jonathan Pool and to his heirs and assigns forever the several pieces of land hereafter described, (viz) All my orchard whereon my Barn stands, and all my land North of the Road, that leads from the Wood End Meeting House to Lynnfield, Excepting what I shall give to my son Timothy out of the last mentioned piece.  My meadow lot bounded northerly and running Easterly by a ditch, until it comes to the little bridge, then running easterly between the upland and meadow, round a point to make a maple tree marked from thense Easterly a strait line to a bunch of Cedars near the corner of Major Burnham’s land; Excepting what I shall give to my son Timothy in this my Will out of said meadow.  Also I give to my son Jonathan my lot in Cedar Swamp, so called, lying in the West Range.  I give to my son Jonathan and his heirs my Great Bible, my Clock, my oxen and Shais; also all money due to me on notes or accounts and money I shall leave at my Decease.

            Item, I give to my son Timothy Pool and to his heirs and assigns forever my Dwelling house my son Jonathan


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now lives in, my Cooper Shop, My Blacksmith’s Shop, and tools that belong to the Blacksmith shop; all my land lying South of the road that leads from my House to Lynnfield until it comes to the meadow by a ditch near a little bridge, then running Southerly and easterly between meadow and upland to a bunch of Cedars near Maj. Burnham’s land, also the West end of meadow lot I purchased of James Woodward’s Estate, the line is to one Rod east of Woodward’s original line; my Will is that my said son Jonathan and Timothy shall have free liberty to pass over each others land with team or otherwise to take off or dry their Meadow-Hay.  I also give to my son Timothy my Ash Swamp lot, being the Eighth lot bounding on Bear Meadow, also a lot joining on Timber Neck is called; bounded South westerly by a Horn-beau Tree splized by Daniel Parker’s land, then running Northeast by east through my swamp, all north of said line.  I give to my son Timothy and to his heirs, my Annotations, right in the Library; my Bed Bedstead and Cord in the West Chamber; my case of Draws that was my first wifes (Mary Leaman) and one cow as good as they rise, and finally I give to my son Timothy5 liberty to take off the ;buildings and convert it to his own use on the North side of my Dwelling House that he built at his own cost.  Also, my Silver can, - also one third part of my part of my grist mill and saw mill and all privileges thereto belonging.

            Item, I give to my son Samuel Pool1 forty shillings


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to be paid to him or his heirs within one year after my decease by my Executor.

            Item, I give to my daughter Sarah Bancroft2, nine pounds to be paid to her within two years after my decease, or to her heirs, by my Executor.

            Item, I give to my four grandchildren, children of Mary Nichols3, my daughter deceased, twenty pounds, to be paid to them in three years after my decease by my Executor, equally divided between them.

            Item, I give to my sons Jonathan4, Samuel, daughter Sarah Bancroft and my granddaughter Mary Nichols, each one a Silver spoon to be delivered to them at my decease by my Executor.

Item, I give to my two sons Jonathan and Timothy to be equally divided between them, all my wearing apparel, cooper shop tools, out door utensils, and farming tools, Cider barrels and casks, and old Lumber in the house, and all my Books, except what I have before given away.


            1Samuel Sheldon Pool, m. at Yarmouth, N.S. when he emigrated 1774, Elizabeth Barnes, dau. of Seth Barnes, Esq., merch. of that place.  His son Sam’l. came from Yarmouth this year, 1795, and entered Harvard College.

            2Sarah Pool m. Edmund Bancroft.

3Mary Pool m. William Nichols of Reading.

4Jona. Pool m. Anne Bancroft.

5Timothy Pool m. 1st, Lucy Pope, 2d Jerusha Richardson.

Three other children (Timothy, Jona., Mary) died young.


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            Item, I give to my son Jonathan Poole all my Estate both real and personal that I have not given away in this my will on condition that he pay all my just debts and funeral Charges, and charges of settling my Estate and legacies before mentioned.

            Item.    Finally my will is that my son Jonathan and his heirs shall forever enjoy what I have given him in this my will on this condition, that he brings no account against my Estate for former services after my decease.

            Item.    I hereby nominate and appoint my eldest son Jonathan Poole, Sole Executor of this my last will and testament, revoking all other wills by me made and declare this, and this only to be my last will and testament.  In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the Day and Year above written.

In witness whereof the said Jonathan Pool signed, sealed and Declared this Instrument to be his last Will and Testament in presence of us Witnesses:


            Benj. Brown                            :


Farwell Brown                                    :   proved Nov. 9, 1798


James Smith, Junr.                               :


            By his two wives Lieut. Jonathan Poole had eight children, of whom the four first were by Mary Leaman as follows:


86.       i.          Mary6, b. Jan. 30, 1742-3; d. in infancy.


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87.       ii.         Jonathan6 b. July 7, 1745; also d. young.

88.       iii.        Jonathan6, b. April 21, 1747 (another record say May 2) m. 1769 Anne Bancroft.

89.       iv.        Sarah6, b. May 10, 1749, d. Mar. 3 1831 at Lunenburg, having m. July 31, 1770 Edmund of Sam’l and Lydia Bancroft of Reading, and was b. July 27, 1751.  Their children were,

                        (1) Sarah Bancroft, b. Nov. 13, 1770 and d. Dec. 9, 1770.

                        (2) Sarah, b. May 2 1772.

                        (3) Edmund, and (4) Samuel, twins, b. Nov. 23 and both d. Dec. 4th & 5th, 1773.

                        (5) Polly b. May 5, 1775.

                        (6) Edmund, b. Mar. 20, 1777.

                        (7) Samuel, b. Mar. 7, 1779.

                        (8) Lydia, b. July 21, 1781.

                        (9) Aaron, b. Feb. 2, 1784.

                        (10) Esther, b. June 2, 1786.

                        (11) Ruth, b. Dec. 5, 1788.

            By his second wife, Mary Sheldon he had

90.       v.         Samuel Sheldon6, b. Mar. 25, 1751 at Reading, d. at Yarmouth, N.S. Oct. 7, 1835, aged 84.

91.       vi.        Timothy6, b. June 11, 1753, d. in infancy.

92.       vii.       Mary6 b. Mar. 13, 1757, d. Apr. 1, 1790; m. May 30, 1776 William, son of Richard and Mary Nichols, b. Reading Feb. 26, 1750; their two children were William, b. Aug. 31, 1771[7?] and Levi, b. Dec. 9, 1779.


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93.       viii.      Timothy6 b. May 3, 1762, d. Feb. 10, 1828, m. 1st Lucy Pope and 2nd Jerusha Richardson.

[ at the left of 48. below is p.93 in the original manuscript]

48.       John Poole5, son of Capt. Timothy4 and Elizabeth (Goodwin) (John3 Jona.2 John1) was born in Lynnfield, (North Saugus) on the old homestead of 1636 – on June 10, 1735, and d. May 1, 1798. He was a yeoman, and succeeded by his father’s will (P. 89) to the farm on which he lived, together with his lands and Mills in Reading, and all the “out-lands and stock and utensils” after payment of legacies and debts.  He was married twice, first to Sarah, daughter of John and Tabitha Townsend of Reading, who was b. Aug. 20, 1740, d. before 1768, and secondly to Susannah, dau. of             . Dying intestate; his son Thomas was appointed Administrator on Mar. 26, 1700.  Inventory gives appraised value of property at $1562.60.  His children, (first by wife Sarah, the others by Susannah) were as follows, all born in Lynnfield.

94.       i.          Sarah6, b. Dec. 17, 1763 and died in infancy.

95.       ii.         John6 b. April 24, 1769. d. unmarried.

96.       iii.        Susannah6, b. June 8, 1770, d. unmarried.

97.       iv.        Timothy6, b. March 3, 1772, was at one time in the United States Naval Service, and died unmarried in 1825.

98.       v.         Isaac6, b. Jan. 19, 1775, d. Feb. 12, 1814, m. Elizabeth Black.

99.       vi.        Thomas6, b. May 20, 1777, d. 1825, m. Susanna Stimpson.


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100.     vii.       Sarah6, b. Mar. 30, 1782, d. Mar. 18, 1798.

101.     viii.      James6, b. Mar. 21, 1784, d. April 15, 1856, m. Dorcas Mansfield.


61.       Eleazer Flagg Poole5 son of Jonathan4 and Esther (John3 Jona.2 John1) was b. at Woburn, May 24, 1734, d. March 17, 1776.  He is noted on the Woburn town records as being the first recorded with a double name. He was married Feb. 1756, (banns published Feb. 17) to Mary Dau. of Thomas and Hannah Carter, who was b. Feb. 5, 1733-4, and d. Mar. 24, 1776, one week after her husband.  He inherited his father’s valuable estate at his death, his mother having a life interest in it till 1759.  On Nov. 12 of that year she died and he was appointed administrator with three others.  He was a Yeoman.  His monument stands in the burial ground at Woburn, containing his own and his wife’s epitaph.  The inscriptions are on large double stone and read as follows:


Here lyes Buried

Here lies the Body

The Body of Mr.

Mrs. Mary Poole wife to Mr.

Eleazer Flagg Poole

Eleazer Flagg Poole

Who departed this life

Who departed this life

March the 17, 1776

March the 24, 1776

Aged 42 years.

Aged 43 years.

            These deaths are much to be observed,

            Such instances are scarce heard of,

            Six weeping children in eight days

Following father and Mother to their graves.

My children, dear, behold and see,

No age nor sex from death is free,


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            Soon Death may come and nip your Bud,

            And you must stand before your God.


            My children now behold and view!

            These bodies once took care of you,

            But now are leveled in the dust,

            In a short time you’ll follow us.


            My loving Friends that are around,

            Our lodgings now are in the ground,

Our children young we leave behind

            Deal you with others, justly and kind


He was appointed ensign in 1767, and Lieutenant in 1773.  Was town treasurer from 1762 to 1766 and from 1768 to 1772 inclusive.  He served as Lieut. In the revolutionary Army, Just before his death.  His son E. Flagg Poole, Jr. was a soldier in the 6 months troops in 1780.

            The children of Eleazer Flagg5 and Mary (Carter) Poole were, -

101a.   i.          Mary6, b. Dec. 28, 1756 d.        m. Mar. 23, 1780, Daniel Smith of Lexington.

101b.   ii.         Jonathan6, b. Sept. 5, 1758, d. Hollis, N. H. July 25, 1797 – m. Elizabeth Hale.

101c.   iii.        Eleazer Flagg6, b. Jan. 19, 1761, m, Mary Reed.


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101d.   iv.        Rufus6, b. Mar. 30, 1769, m. Mary (Fanning2)

101e.   v.         Esther Flagg6. b. a twin with Theo. Carter, July 7, 1772, d. Hollis, N. H. Oct. 10, 1858, m. 1794 Dr. William Hale, brother-in-law to her uncle Dr. Jona. Poole, of Hollis, and a son of Mr. John and Elizabeth (Hall) Hale, who was born at Hollis, July 27, 1762, and d. Oct. 10, 1854, age 92.  When less than 15 years of age he enlisted as private in the 1st N. H. Regiment, Col. Poor, with the understanding that he was to be aid to his father as hospital Steward, and served in that capacity of three years.  On his return home he studied medicine with his father, and succeeded him as practising physician.  He was noted as a person of uncommon vital energy, quick perceptions, and being of robust constitution, lived to a great age, surviving all his fellow soldiers, whose names were born on the roll of his regiment.  Their children were – (1) Mary Poole (Hale) b. 1796.  (2) Wm. Prescot b. 1798 (3) Elizabeth Hall b. 1801.  (4) John, b. 1803 (5) Samuel b. 1805 (6) Esther, b. 1807 d. Oct. 4, 1864.  (6) Susan, b. Aug. 26, 1808, d, Sept. 2, 1834.   (7) Theodore Poole b. April 27, 1810, m. Jan. 8, 1846, Abby W. Vose, of Boston, (he is a merchant in the dry goods commission business, in Boston, His ch. Were (1) a son, b. Dec. 2,


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            1846, d. Dec. 4, do.  (2) Mary Theodora, b. Mar. 29, 1848, (3) Susan Francis, b. Dec 26, 1854.  (4) Kate-Reese, b. Feb. 25, 1857, (5) Agnes Prescott, b. Jan. 12, 1859.  (8) David Hall b. June, 1, 1813.   Rem. to California, and supposed deceased.

101f.    vi.        Theodore Carter6, b. July 7, 1772, d. Canada no date.


64.       William Poole5, son of Benjamin4 and Mehitable (Gibson) (Jona3 Jona2 John1) b. Reading Feb. 13, 1725-6, removed 1760 to Hollis, N. H. where he died Oct. 27, 1795, age 70.  He was a farmer.  Before removal he married June 19, 1751, Hannah, dau. of Timothy and Hannah Nichols of Reading, who was b. Mar 13, 1729, d. Sept. 1, 1784.  The causes which led to his emigration to N. H. were probably the facilities offered settlers upon the new lands, then opened for occupation, sales being made of some at the low price of 20 cents per acre in 1760.  By his wife Hannah he had fourteen children, the first four born in Reading.

102.     i.          Hannah6, b. Reading Dec. 20, 1751, d. Hollis, N. H. Feb. 28, 1832, m. 1st Nov. 15, 1772, Thomas Cummings, Esq. of Hollis, a young lawyer of repute, who joined the patriot army in the revolution, and was believed to have been


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killed in battle.  He was b. Dec. 17, 1750, and was a son of Samuel and Prudence Cummings of Hollis.  She had three children by this union, and she m. 2nd in 1783, Burpee Ames, Esq., b. Dec. 3, 1758, d. 1838, by whom she had eight more.  By Mr. Cummings she had 1st Hanna Cummings, b. April 1, 1773, d. July 7, 1811.

2.         Sarah Cummings, b. Dec. 2, 1774, d. Feb. 18, 1817.

3.         Thomas Cummings, b. Nov. 1, 1776, d. Feb. 10, 1843 and by Mr. Ames,

            4.         Jeremiah Ames7, b. Oct. 25, 1784, d. June 27, 1860, Salem, Mass., where his widow lives aged over 90.

            5.         William Ames, b. May 3, 1786, d. April 10, 1847.

            6.         Nathan Ames, b. May 1787, emig. To Cuba, d. date unknown.

            7.         Betsey Ames, b. June 9, 1789.

            8.         Poole Ames, b. Feb. 19, 1791, d. Oct. 19, 1797.

            9.         Joseph Ames, b. Feb. 19, 1793, d. May 17, 1796.

            10.       Mary Ames, b. Apr. 15, 1795.

            11.       Joseph Ames, b. June 1802.


103.     ii.         Elizabeth6, b. July 18, 1753, d. Hollis Dec. 6, 1838 m. Nov. 16, 1778 Stephen, son of Stephen and Hanna Jewett of Hollis, b. Oct. 14, 1753, d. Feb. 22, 1829.  Yeoman by whom she had eight children.


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1.      Elizabeth Jewett, b. June 18, 1779, d. at Milford.

2.      Stephen, b. July 7, 1781, d. Sept. 22, 1861.

3.      Nancy, b. May 11, 1783, d. Mar. 3, 1870.

4.      Hannah, b. Feb. 17, 1785, d. Mar. 17, 1824. She m. Apr. 2, 1807, Nathan Thayer, Esq., son of Elijah and Sarah (Robinson) b. July 6, 1781, d. Oct. 21, 1830.  Artist and teacher, and had seven children:

1.      Hannah Maria Thayer, b. Dec. 12, 1808, d. Sept. 5, 1855.

2.      Elizabeth, b. Mar. 24, 1811.

3.      Sarah Adelia, b. Oct. 16, 1813, m. July 8, 1841. Hon. George S. Boutwell of Groton, Mass., son of Sewell and Rebecca (Marshall) b. Brooklin Mass., Jan. 28, 1818, and had two children, b. Groton,

                                                              i.      Georgianna Adelia, b. May 18, 1843.

                                                            ii.      Francis Marion, b. Feb. 26, 1847.

4.      Mary, b. Mar. 31, 1816, d. Sept. 5, 1818.

5.      Nancy Bigelow, b. July 13, 1819.

6.      Nathan Robinson, b. Nov. 25, 1821, d. June 26, 1874.

7.      Lucy Ann, b. Mar. 13, 1824.

5.      Sarah, b. March, 1790, d. Aug. 24, 1837.

6.      Mary, b. July 8, 1792, d. Oct. 16, 1833, m. Mar. 27, 1825, Nathan Thayer, above named, father of Mrs. Gov. Boutwell and had two children.

                                i.            Mary F, b. Mar. 21, 1826, d. Sept. 15, 1827


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                              ii.            George B. b. July 27, 1829, d. Dec. 11, 1828.

7.      Noah b. Dec. 7, 1794, d. May 21, 1841.

8.      Samuel Gibson, b. Oct. 29, 1798, d. May 2, 1872, St Augustine, Fla.


104.     iii.        Mehitable6, b. Feb. 12, 1755, d. Mar. 4, 1804 at Westford, Mass. m. 1778-9. Willis son of Rev. Willard and Abigail (Cotton) Hall, of the Hall family of Medford, Westford, &c, and its connection with the Poole, Willard and other families, we have the following particulars:

Simon Willard came to America in May 1634, from Kent Co., parish of Horsemenden, England, where he was b. 1605;  he d. at Chareleson 1676.  With him came his brother George and sister Margery, who m. Dolor Davis in 1625, and were all inhabitants of Cambridge – 1634.  The children of Margaret and Dolor Davis were – John, Simon, Samuel and Ruth, the latter b. in 1641, m. in 1663, Stephen Hall then of Concord, afterward of Medford, by whom he had seven children, among whom were Samuel, b. Concord, Dec. 8, 1665 and lived at Stow: Stephen b. Stow, and d. at Charleston, Nov. 8, 1749.  Resided at Medford, and m. Grace, dau. of Thomas and Grace Willis and had (1) Stephen b. Nov. 5, 1693, d. Feb.


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d. Feb. 24, 1773, who was a distinguished merchant in Boston, (2) Grace, b. abt. 1696. m May 1715, Isaac Parker of Charleston, b. 1692 d. 1742, among whose grandchildren were Chief Justice Isaac Parker, Mass. Supreme Court, and the late General William Eustis, U. S. Army (3) Esther b abt. 1698, m. Dec. 1729 Peter Edes of Charleston (4) Willard (Rev.) b. March 11, 1702-3, d. at Westford, March 19, 1779, where he was pastor of 1st Unitarian Church.  He m. 1729 Abigail Cotton of Portsmouth and their second child was Willis Hall, above named who m. in 1779 Mehitable Poole, b. Westford, Nov. 18, 1747, d. May 13, 1813.  Yeoman. They had eight children –

(1)        Willard Hall, (Judge) b. Dec. 24, 1780 d. May 10, 1875 at Wilmington, Del. at the age of 95.  Judge Willard Hall removed in early life to Delaware, and resided continuously at Wilmington from 1803 to the day of his death in 1875.  He was elected to Congress in 1816 and 1818, and in 1823 was appointed by President Monroe a Justice of the United States District Court of Delaware, which office he held for 48 years, when, having reached the venerable age of 91 years he resigned December 1871.  He was graduated at Harvard College in 1799, a classmate of Samuel Poole, and at his death in 1875, was one of the three oldest surviving graduates of that institution, and with the exception of Hon. Horace Binney, the oldest ex-member of congress.


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His labors in the revision of the Delaware State Code of 1829, and in drawing up the regulations of the school system in 1830, as well as his services in the Constitutional Convention of 1831, have been gratefully recognized by the people of his state.

            (2)        William, b. Sept. 18, 1783.

            (3)        Benjamin, b. 1785 d. young.

            (4)        Elizabeth, b. Mar. 6, 1787, d. Aug 19, 1871 age 84; unm.

            (5)        Mehitable, b. Apr. 24, 1789.

            (6)        Hannah, b. May 9, 1791, m. May 2, 1815, Thomas R, Right, Esq., of Peperill, Mass.

            (7)        Francis Poole, b. Nov. 6, 1793, d. Nov. 2, 1836.

            (8)        Benjamin, b. July 14, 1796, living at Germania, Md.

105.     iv.        William Wellsted6, b. May 6, 1756, d. April 8, 1836 at Windsor, Vermont, m. Sarah Farley.

106.     v.         James6, b. Dec. 21, 1757, d. Portland, Me. 1827, m. 1st Caroline (?) dau. of Edward and Caroline (Swett) Richardson, 2nd. Eunise Chaplin of Ipswitch, Mass.

107.     vi.        Abigail6 b. July 31, 1759, d. July 10, 1825, m. Levi, son of William and Susanna (Kemp) Parker, b. Groton, Mass., June 25, 1752, d. Sept. 10, 1825.  Iron Worker & Blacksmith.

            Their children were:

(1)               James Parker, b. Jan. 6, 1787  (?)


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[should be (2)]Luther b. 1789.  (3)  Calvin b. 1790.  (4)  Betsey b. Jan. 14, 1792 d. Sept. 1869 (5)  Samuel b. June 23, 1800 living at Davenport, Ia. (1876).

108.     vii.       Sarah6 b. Dec 15, 1760 d. Feb. 10, 1773.

109.     viii.      Bridget6 b. May 5, 1762 d. Mar. 3, 1785 m. Dec. 7, 1780 Benj. Cummings of Hollis and had (1) Benj. B. Aug. 24, 1782 (2) Bridget b. Feb. 3 1784.

110.     ix.        Mary6 b. Feb. 1, 1764, d. Jan. 7, 1816 m. 1st Feb. 1, 1785 Daniel Kendrick of Hollis, N. H., son of Daniel and Hannah (Harris) Hendrick. B. 1761 d. May 13, 1790 Yeoman.  She m. 2nd 1791, Zebulon Wheeler, son of Jas. And Mary (Butterfield) Wheeler b. Jan. 20, 1769 d. Dec. 31, 1849:  Children:--

            (1)        Daniel Kendrick, b. Mar. 30, 1786 d. May 1868.

            (2)        Mary Kendrick b. Sept. 1787 d. Jan. 6. 1831.

            (3)        William Kendrick, b. Aug. 20, 1788 d. same day

            (4)        William Poole [Kendrick], b. Jan. 27, 1790, d. Nov. 5, 1854.

            (5)        Bridget Wheeler, b. May 20, 1792, d. Jan. 1873.

            (6)        Sarah Wheeler b. May 1, 1794, d. May 1, 1870.

(7)        Lucinda Wheeler b. Jan. 1, 1800, d. y.

(8)        Benjamin Wheeler b. Aug. 19, 1801 d. Feb. 4, 1802.

(9)        Luther Wheeler, b. Sept. 26, 1803 d. Feb. 1816.

(10)      Calvin Wheeler, b. June 7, 1805.

(11)      Lousia Wheeler, b. September 3, 1807.

111.     x.         Rebecca6 b. May 29, 1766 d. Feb. 1, 1854 at


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Dublin, N. H. m 1792, Thomas, son of Thos. And Mary (Gale) Hay of Salem, Mass., b. Merrimack, H. H. 1790, d. Dublin, March 2, 1839.  Yeoman. Their children:

(1)               Mary Hay, b. 1794 d. Aug. 29, 1871  (2) Thos. B. 1796.  (3)  Joseph Fitch b. 1799.  (4)   William b. 1803 and (5)   Dexter, b. 1807.

112.     xi.        Lucy6 b. Sept. 6, 1768 d. Aug. 28, 1844 m. Oct. 19, 1791, Jonathan, son of Joseph and Anne (Williams) Saunderson, b. Sept. 7, 1766, d. Aug. 23, 1850.  Joseph, the father of Jonathan, was b. in Groton, Mass. May 24, 1741; removed to Pepperell, where he m. Mar. 10, 1763 Anna, dau. of Isaac and Lydia (Shattuck) Williams.  Children:-

            (1)        Lucy Saunderson, b. Nov. 28, 1792 d. Mar. 21, 1825.

            (2)        Elmira Saunderson b. March 29, 1796, d. March 1, 1799.

            (3)        Marinda Saunderson b. March 1, 1798, d. Aug. 31, 1822.

            (4)        Jonathan Saunderson b. Dec. 21, 1800 d. Dec. 9 1801.

            (5)        Jonathan Saunderson b. Dec. 30 1802 grad. Havard College 1828, became Counsellor at Law and resides in Philadelphia, 1876.

(6)        Elmira Shattuck2 b. Dec. 25, 1805, m. Oct. 12, 1830, Dr. Asa Heald of Dublin, N. H.


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Grad. Bowdoin, Coll. 1828 and d. Jan. 28, 1874, and had ch.  (1)  Elmira Maria b. Aug. 28, 1833 d. Jan. 27, 1867,  (2) Charles Henry b. Dec. 17, 1835.

(7)        William Poole b. Feb. 11 1807 d. Nov. 12, 1858 m. May 5, 1847 Hannah Marshal, 2 ch. Survived George William, Dartmouth Coll. 1876 and dau. Laura.

(8)        Henry H.  (Rev) b. Sept. 12, 1810, m. Oct. 1, 1845 Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas and Mary (Whiting) Cummings b. Sept. 6, 1819.  She is also a descendant of William Poole through the Cummings branch.  Resides at Charlestown, N. H. and noted as a historian and annalist, and author of a history of that town.  A son Henry Poole Saunderson Grad. Dartmouth Coll. 1872.

113.     xii.       Benjamin6 b. July 1, 1771, d. April 20, 1836; m. Sarah Fletcher.

114.     xiii.      Bethia6 b. May 3, 1772 d. Jan. 10, 1853. Hollis.  She m. 1790 Isaac, son of Naham and Martha Baldwin of Hollis b. Apr. 23, 1768, d. July 8, 1821.  Was a Blacksmith & Farmer;  Children: (1)  Emma Baldwin b. July 13, 1792.  (2)  Frances b. Feb. 26, 1794, d. April 12, 1840:  (3)  Issac b. Mar. 12, 1796, d. Feb.


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            9, 1872;  (4)  Dexter b. July 5, 1798, d. May 20, 1870; (5)  Nahum b. July 3, 1800  (6) Samuel B., b. June 15, 1802;  (7)  Lucy, b. June 12, 1804;  (8)  Thos. Jefferson, b. Dec. 6, 1806 d. Mar. 10, 1812;  (9)  William Poole b. May 15, 1809 d. Apr. 27, 1808;  [internet (geni) shows b. 1809 d. 1849]  (10)  Cyrus b. May 14, 1811;  (11)  Harriet b. Apr. 26, 1813, d. July 10, 1840 (12)  Ruth Easton b. Oct. 22, 1816, d. Apr. 23, 1851.

115.     xiv.      Sarah6, b. Sept, 20, 1774; d. at Bath, Me. no date. She m. Jonas Smith of that place, and had several children.  One of the sons m. Louisa, dau. of James Poole, son of William and removed to Michigan, where he now lives, a farmer.

68.       Samuel Poole5, son of Benjamin4 and Mehitable (Jona3 Jona2 and John1) was b. Reading, Jan. 21, 1732-33, d. 1776.  Removed to East Ludbury, where he became a tanner.  He m. 1st at Reading, Mar. 17, 1755, Jerusha Green of Malden who d. before 1758; and m. 2d at E. Ludbury, Mehitable, who d. before 1764; and he then m. 3d., Nov. 27, 1764, Hannah Choate, b. 1739, and survived her husband; after his death, she removed to Reading.  Letters of Administration were granted her on her husband’s estate Feb. 27, 1776.  She d. at Reading, Apr. 3, 1832, aged 93.


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            By his first wife Jerusha he had 1 ch., by Mehitable 2 children and by Hannah five:-

            They were as follows:

116.     i.          Darius6, b. Reading Sept. 11, 1756 and died young.

117.     ii.         Mehitable6, b. E. Ludbury, Aug. 12, 1659.

118.     iii.        Samuel6, b. Sept. 12, 1761. [there are hand drawn question marks around this line]

119      iv.        Damaris6, b. Nov. 13, 1765, d. Apr. 5, 1808- m. June 7, 1795, Thomas Rutter of Wayland, who d. Sept. 14, 1815.  She was his 2nd wife.

            3 children, viz.

(1)   Abigail Rutter, b. Sept. 24, 1797, d. Dec. 19, 1861, m. Calvin Fuller of Dedham and had 2 ch. Edwin Fuller who resides Dedham, unm. And Mary J. who m. Dr. Joseph Draper of South Boston, Mass.

(2)   Benjamin b. July 25, 1799, supposed to have been drowned by falling overboard from a Mississippi steamboat.

(3)   Hervey, b. June 7, 1801, d. Aug. 30, 1818.

120.     v.         Hannah6, b. Mar. 4, 1768, d. Oct. 1, 1859, m. July 8, 1794, Richard, son of William and Mary Parker of Reading, b. May 14, 1771, d. Aug. 9, 1768 [accurate date unknown] a yeoman: Children:

            (1)        William Parker, b. Sept. 23, 1795.

            (2)        Cephas, b. Feb. 12, 1798, d. Dec. 18, 1871


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(3)        Edwin, b. May 28,1800, d. Feb. 13, 1801.

(4)        Theron, b. May 10, 1803.

(5)        Solon, b. May 10, 1806.

121.     vi.        Benjamin6, b. July 16, 1770, d. unm. Was a monomaniac on the subject of witches and fled to Canada.

122.     vii.       William6, b. Nov. 16, 1772, date of death unknown; was married and left his business in Boston to collect some money one day, and never was heard of afterwards.

123.     viii.      Ebenezer6, b. Feb. 11, 1775, d. Dec. 31, 1857 m. Olive Ward.

70.       Samuel Pool5, son of Samuel4 and Rebecca (Jona3, Jona2, John1) b. Reading, Oct. 10, 1733, d. (of Palsy) Dec. 26, 1783.  Was a yeoman m. Oct. 19, 1758, Elizabeth Eaton of Lynn, for whose comfort after his death he made specific and somewhat irregular provisions by his will; a document possessing sufficient interest to be here given.


Will of Samuel Pool, Reading, 1782.

In the name of God, Amen.


            This Eleventh day of May in the year of our Lord One Thousand and Seven Hundred and Eighty-two, I, Samuel Pool of Reading in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Gentlemen, being of sound disposing mind and memory, thanks be to God therefor: Do make and ordain this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament.


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            Principally and first of all, I commend my Soul into the hands of God who gave it, and my body to the dust, - to be decently buried in a Christian-like manner, by my Executor hereafter named: - and as touching what worldly Estate it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give, bequeath and dispose of in the following manner and form.

            Item.    I will and order that all my just debts, funeral charges and charges of settling my Estate be seasonably paid by my Executor hereafter named.

            Item.    I give to my dear and well beloved wife, Elizabeth (Eaton) two cows,- those she shall choose; and all my indore moveables and household furniture, to her own disposal forever, except I shall otherwise dispose of in this my Will; and I give to her the use and improvement of the West end of my house, with the bed room at the north-west corner, with as much Cellar room as she hath occasion for, with liberty to use the Kitchen to wash, bake and whatever she shall have occasion for; also, liberty to use the well, and sufficient yard room before the front door to lay her wood, so long as she remains my widow.  And I order my Executor hereafter named to provide and bring in to my wife yearly and every year, so long as she remains my widow, one hundred weight of beef well fatted, one hundred and forty weight


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of good fat pork, five bushels of Rye, seven bushels of Indian Corn, one bushel of beans, three barrels of Cider, six cords of good Oak of Walnut wood brought to the door, cut for the fire, ten pounds of flax from the swingle and four pounds of sheep’s wool; and I order my Executor hereafter named to provide for my wife when and where she hath occasion to ride, a horse and chaise. – All the above articles to be done and performed by my Executor for my said wife so long as she remains my widow And I order my Executor to pay to my wife four pounds lawful silver money yearly and every year so long as she remains my widow.

            Item.    I give to my dutiful and well- beloved son Joseph Eaton Pool, all my buildings and land in Reading and Lynn or wherever situated, and to his heirs and assigns forever, excepting the improvement of part of my dwelling house I have given to my wife.  I also give to my said son Joseph all my quick stock except what I have above given to my wife, and also all my out-door utensils and farming tools, all my Notes and Bonds and all Depts due to me, and money I have by me; also all my wearing apparel; also all my cider casks excepting three good barrels, which I reserve for my wife to be kept well trimmed by my Exectuor; also I give to my said son Joseph, my third bed and bedding, and all my fire-arms and accoutrements and all my Estate not before mentioned: All the above which, I give to my said son Joseph Eaton Pool and to his heirs forever:- he paying and performing


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what I in this my last will order him.

            Item.    I give to my well beloved daughter Rebecca Eaton forty pounds lawful silver money, to be paid by my Executor in the following manner, that is to say, thirteen pounds six shillings and eight pence in one year after my wife’s decease; thirteen pounds six shillings and eight pence in two years after my wife’s decease, and thirteen pounds six shillings and eight pence in three years after my wife’s decease.

            Item.    I hereby nominate and appoint my well beloved son, Joseph Eaton Pool, sole executor of this my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all other wills by me and made and declare this to be my only Last Will and Testament.  In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.

Signed sealed and declared by Samuel

Pool to be his last will and testament

Before us witnesses:-

Benj. Brown.

Thomas Rayner.

Nathaniel Wiley.         Proved Mar. 10, 1784.


            By his wife Elizabeth Eaton he had the following children:

124.     i.          Joseph Eaton6, b. July 24, 1759, d. Oct. 20, 1788, m. Lydia Hayward.

125.     ii          Rebecca6, b. July 2, 1761, m. Feb. 15, 1780, Charles Eaton and had children.


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(1)   Elizabeth Eaton, b. June 16, 1682.

(2)   Rebecca               Bap. May 16, 1784- m. John Barker.

(3)   Charles                b. Feb. 4, 1784.

(4)   Joshua                 b. Sept. 10, 1785.

(5)   Polly                    bap. Aug. 12, 1787.

(6)   Nancy                  bap. Sept. 6, 1789.

(7)   Samuel Pool Eaton – Bap. May 29, 1791.

(8)   Joseph Eaton         bap. Mar. 6, 1796.

(9)   Fanny                  bap. Sept. 23, 1798.

126.     iii.        Abigail6, b. 1763, m. Woburn, Ensign Ichabod Parker of that place and had:

            (1) Polly Eaton Parker, b. Aug. 15, 1786.

            (2) Thomas, b. Nov. 17, 1790, d. July 22, 1792.

            (3) Thos. Benjamin, b. Nov.20, 1795.

            (4) Abigail Turner, b. Aug. 4, 1798.


            The widow of Samuel, who survived her husband twenty six years and died in 1810, left the following Will:-


Will of Elizabeth, widow of Samuel Pool of Reading, 1804.

            In the name of God, Amen:  This fifteenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and four, I Elizabeth Pool of Reading and County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Widow being of advanced age but of sound mind and memory, &c x x x do give and dispose of my estate as follows:

            Item.    I give my daughter Rebecca, wife of Charles Eaton all my wearing apparel, and all my household


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furniture, except what I shall otherwise dispose of in this my Will, also a suit of mourning.

            Item.    I give to my grand-daughter Rebecca, wife of John Barker my best Bed, bolster and pillow, and best bed quilt, also my desk and seven chairs, my best fire shovel and tongs, and one pair of Andirons, also my iron pot and dish kettle, my tosting-iron and gridirons, also one gold ring, six silver tea-spoons and my round table, also a suit of mourning.

Item.    I give to my grand-daughter Elizabeth Eaton one large silver spoon and one gold ring.

            Item,    I give to my grand-daughter Polly Eaton one large silver spoon.

            Item.    I give to my grand-daughter Nancy Eaton, my large looking glass, and one large silver spoon.

            Item.    I give to my grand daughter Charolotte Eaton, one large Silver Spoon

            Item.    I give to my grand daughter Fanny Eaton one large Silver Spoon.

            Item.    I give to my great grand-daughter Rebecca Barker, one small silver spoon.

            Item.    I give to, Abigail the wife of Ichabod Parker of Woburn, one gold ring, also my lignumvity Motor. [ I think this is a Lignum vitae Mortar – see]

Item.    I give to Polly Parker, daughter of said Ichabod, one gold ring.

Item.    I give to my grandson Joseph Eaton, my Great Bible.

Item.    I give to my three grand sons Charles Eaton,


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Joshua Eaton and Samuel Eaton, Three Dollars each to be laid out for a Bible, further my will is that all my Estate both real and personal after my above Will is fulfilled, be placed in the hands of my Executor hereafter named, in trust for my daughter Rebecca Eaton; and my will is that my executor pay the same to her in such a manner as he shall think most for her interest and happiness.  Further my will is that my Executor provide for me, and for daughter-in-law, late the wife of my son Joseph E. Pool, Gravestones.  Finally I hereby nominate and appoint my Friend Ichabod Parker of Woburn to be the Executor of this my last will and testament, revoking all other Wills by me made, ratifying this and this only to be my last will and testament.  In witness whereof I the said Elizabeth Pool have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.

Signed, sealed, Published and declared

By the said Elizabeth to be her last

Will and testament in the presence of us

James Bancroft           :


Samuel Wyatt.                        :


Patty Tay.                    :

            Proved May 8, 1810. Inventory 1528. 56


71.       Jonathan Pool5, son of Samuel4 and Rebecca (Jona3, Jona2, John1) b. Jan. 5, 1736-7, d. Nov. 14, 1791.  He m. Dec. 23, 1760, Sarah, dau. of Nathaniel and Lydia


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Eaton of Reading, who was b. Oct. 3, 1740, d. Jan. 15, 1816.  He was a yeoman, to which he added the business of manufacturing shoes, and industry greatly stimulated by the needs of the people during the revolutionary War. Though a farmer and pursuing agriculture, he styles himself, cordwainer in his Will.  He was perhaps one of the first to invest capital in the wholesale production of shoes in the neighborhood of Lynn.


Will of Jonathan Pool5 of Reading, 1791.

In the name of God, Amen:  This first day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand sevent hundred and ninety-one, I, Jonathan Pool, Junr. (his 2d cousin Jonathan, who m. Mary Leaman, was a resident of the same town and known as Jona., Senior), of Reading in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Cordwainer, being in sound, disposing mind and memory, than be to God therefor, but weak in body; do make and ordain this instrument to be my lasy[t] will and testament.  And first of all, I commend my Soul to God who gave it, and my body to the dust, - to be decently buried by my executor hereafter named, in a Christian like manner, placing decent gravestones on my grave.

            And as touching what worldly interest it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give and bequeath in the following manner and form:

            Item, my will is and I order that all my just debts, funeral charges and charges of settling my estate by duly paid by my executor hereafter named.


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            Item.    I give to my beloved wife Sarah (Eaton) Pool all my household furniture except what I shall dispose of, and one cow, which she shall choose, to be at her own disposal in case she marries again, but in case she dies my widow, said household furniture and cow at her decease I give to my daughter Sally Wiley, to her own disposal; also I give to my said wife and ample support: for meat, drink, washing, lodging, doctoring and nursing, comfortable room in my dwelling house, and decent a apparel for all parts of the body, and sufficient firewood; so long as she remains my widow; and in case she dies my widow I order my Executor to not only perform for my said wife all the above articles faithfully and freely, but at her decease to bury her decently and put gravestones on her grave.

            Item.    I give and bequeath to my dutiful daughter Sally Wiley and to my son-in-law Nath’l Wiley, jr. her husband, all my buildings and lands wherever and howsoever situated, butted or bounded, to their own disposal forever, to come into possession at my decease, they paying and performing all that I order them in this my will.  I also give to my daughter Sally Wiley the use and improvement of my pew in the Meeting-House so long as they shall live in the parish, and in case they shall move away, my will is that the pew shall be improved by my other children and grandchildren.  I also give to my daughter Sally Wiley and my Son-in-law Nathaniel Wiley


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all my quick stock of all sorts of creaturs, all my farming utensils, all my shoe-maker tools, all my debts due to me on bond, note or account, except what I shall in this my will otherwise dispose.

            Item,  I give to my dutiful daughter Betsy Green, thirty pounds lawful money, ten of which is to be paid to her or her heirs by my executer at the decease of my wife.

            Item.    I give to my dutiful daughter Lydia Pool, fourty pounds lawful money, ten of which is to be paid to her when she arrives to the age of twenty-one years or at marriage, the other thirty to be paid to her at the decease of my wife, to be paid by my Executor.  I also give to my daughter Lydia Pool my second bed, bedding and furniture, my best case of draws, one good cow, my case of bottles, to be delivered to her by my Executors when she arrives at the age of twenty-one years or at marriage.  I also give to my said daughter Lydia, convenient room in my dwelling house to set her goods and privilege of the cellar Well, and of sitting and enjoying said Wiley’s fire with his family.

            Item.  I give to my three daughters, Sally, Betsey and Lydia, all my wearing apparel, to be equally divided between them at my decease.

Item.    All my estate that I have not disposed of in this my will, I give to my son-in-law Nathaniel Wiley, jr., whom I nominate and appoint sole executor of this my last Will and Testament, revoking all other wills by me made and executors by me appointed, and declare this, and this only to be my last will and testament.  In witness wherof, I,


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the said Jonathan Pool, junr. have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.

The said Jonathan Pool, junr.

Published, pronounced and declared

This instrument to be his last will and

Testament in presence of us

Benjamin Brown         :           Proved Dec. 6, 1791


David Smith.               :           Inv. £109. 19s 7d.


Cornelius Sweetser.    :


Sarah, widow of Jona. Pool declared to be non. com. And Capt. David Smith appointed her guardian, Dec. 5, 1791.

The children of Jonathan5 and Sarah Eaton were:

127.     i.          Sally6, b. Reading, Sept. 2, 1764, m. Jan. 8 1782., Nathaniel, son of Nathl. And Mary Wiley of Reading, b. Mar. 29, 1759, d. May 7, 1811 and had children.

            (1)       Sally Wiley,     b. Nov. 24, 1783, d. unm.

            (2)       Betsey           b. May 20, 1787, m. John Upton of Lynnfield.

            (3)        Leonard        b. Dec 9, 1791, m. Sally Eaton.

            (4)        Lot                b. Dec. 16, 1794 d. 1815

            (5)        Nathaniel       b. Sept. 11, 1797 m. 1820 Lydia Trull.

            (6)        Laura             b. Dec. 9, 1799 d. 1813

            (7)        Poole             b. Mar. 20, 1802 d. in early life

            (8)        Aaron            b. May 6, 1805, a mariner, supposed died at sea.

128.     ii.         Betsey6, b. Sept. 30, 1766, m. Dec. 20, 1787


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William, son of Wm. and Elizabeth Green, b. July 8. 1765, no ch.

129.     iii.        Samuel6, b. Feb. 15, 1769, d. June 12, 1778.

130.     iv.        Lydia6, b. Feb. 7, 1775, d. Nov. 29, 1820 unm

This family is therefore extinct, the property descending to the Wileys of Reading, - the family mansion standing in Water Street, Wakefield – and formerly occupied as a tavern.

74.       Thomas Pool5, son of Samuel4 and Rebecca (Jona3, Jona2, John1) b. Reading, Dec. 8 1748, d. Jan. 11, 1826, m. Sept. 10, 1771, Mary, dau. of Joseph and Mary Parker, b. Reading Jan. 31, 1747, d. (in child-bed) Jan. 24, 1790.  A yeoman, lived in Reading.  Their children were,

131.     i.          Polly6, b. July 5, 1772, m. April 22, 1792, Amos Richardson of Lynnfield, son of Amos and Bethia Richardson ( a 2d cousin) b. Woburn, Aug. 18, 1764, d. Pembroke 1797.

132.     ii.         Thomas6, b. Dec. 5, 1773, d. Woburn, Feb. 5, 1841, m. Ruth Thompson.

133.     iii.        Lucy6, b. Nov. 17, 1775, d. July 2, 1856 “of old age”, m. Dec. 25, 1800, Edmund Beard.

Their children were:

(1)   Lucy Beard, b. Apr. 4, 1802.

(2)   Edmund, b. Jan. 21, 1805.

(3)   Horatio, b. Oct. 18, 1808, d. May 28, 1810

(4)   Winslow H.  b. Aug. 28, 1811, d. July 7, 1843.

134.     iv.        William6, b. Nov. 6, 1778, d. Aug. 21, 1805.

135.     v.         Nancy6, b. June 29, 1781, m. Nov. 19, 1804,


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(1)   Nancy Beard,        b. Sept. 13, 1805, d. June 20, 1824.

(2)   Charlotte             b.    May 3, 1807.

(3)   William                b.    1808 d. Sept. 20 1826

136.     vi.        Archibald6, b. Jan. 19,  1783, was married but to whom, not known.

137.     vii.       Samuel6, b. bapt. June 25, 1785, m. Nov. 30, 1807 Abigail Ingalls.

138.     viii.      Submit6           : twins b.              :

139.     ix.        Clarissa6          : Jan. 24, 1790      :  d. Nov. 16, 1790

            The twins were baptized at Lynnfield at their Mother’s funeral, Jan. 27, 1790 in private.

76.       William Poole5,  son of Zachariah4 and Rebecca (Jona3, Jona2, John1) b. Medford, Mass., April 16, 1732, d. Danvers, South Parish, now Peabody, Mar. 3. 1776.  He removed to Danvers in 1755, and established a tannery and manufactory of morocco and other leathers goods.  He may be regarded as the pioneer in that business, from which such great fortunes have since been made.  He purchased of Roger Derby (or Darby as inscribed on his Father’s tomb-stone) Benj. Prescott and Jonathan Gardner, by deeds dated respectively 1756, 1757 and 1761, sundry parcels of land lying below Strong-water Brook Stone Bridge and between said brook and the burying place on Gardner’s Hill.  Here he built the large mansion still


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standing in excellent preservation on the country road at the foot of Poole’s hill (now Main Street, Peabody) in 1757, which framed with oak and fastened throughout with wrought iron nails, bids to remain another century and a quarter in equally sound and durable condition. [demolished in 1970] He purchased subsequently of Samuel Derby, son of Roger, and executor of his will, 73 rights in the Common land in Stone’s Plain, of Benj. Prescott, jr., 46½ rights in the same tract constituting a large portion of the site of the town of Peabody, extending Easterly from Washington Street on Main Street nearly to Foster Street and the Square.  On old map of Salem and vicinity, Stone’s Plain lies between Strong-water brook and Goldthwaite’s brook, bounded north by the county road and south by Tapley’s brook or Johnson’s Plain.  From Sauuel Jennison of New London he bought several tracts of Woodland near Tapley’s Brook on the Boston Road, bounded by lands of Mary Lindall, Gideon Foster, Joseph Pierpont, John Southwick and Jacob Osborn.  A portion of this land was retained in the possession of the family till about 1850.  The old homestead is not occupied and owned by the heirs of Fitch Poole, the younger grandson of the builder, and it has been, so far, the birth place of five generations of the family.

            The inventory of his estate, amounting to £1539. 0. 1d includes 12 acres in Stone’s plain, division No. 2,


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besides the other lands, and a silver tankard, the gift of his father, which is valued at £12. 12s.  He died suddenly in the prime of life, aged 44, leaving no Will and his widow was appointed administratrix, May 6, 1776, with Josiah Southwick and Samuel Ward as sureties.

            In dividing the Estate and setting off the dower of the widow it appears that the Medford property still remained in his hands at his death, mention being made of the wharf, the pew in the church, &c in that town.  Mr. Wm. Poole was noted for public spirit, and in 1772 was one of a committee appointed by the town of Danvers to draw a series of resolutions, to present to the Committee of Safety of Boston.  This committee consisted of Francis Symonds, Benj. Proctor, Gideon Putnam, Amos Putnam, Tarrant Putnam, (these of Gen. Israel P’s family) Wm. Shillaber, (ancestor of Benj. P. Shillaber the poet) and William Poole.  These resolutions breathed the same spirit that characterized the immortal declaration of 4 years later at Philadelphia.  The first expresses sentiments of loyalty to the King “in a constitutional way: and adherence to “constitutional” laws, when properly enacted. The second declares that when a government becomes oppressive and tyrannical, it is the duty of the citizens to united to “check the same” lest it deprive them of every valuable privilege. The third, that in the opinion of this town the rights of the Colonists have been infringed by the mother country by the passage of unconstitutional laws, particularly in assuming the right to raise revenues by taxing the Colonies without


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their consent, in erecting offices unknown to the charter and investing their incumbents with powers, unconstitutional and destructive to the rights and liberties of Englishmen, in sending the Governor independent of the Assembly, so that he refused consent to impose taxes for the support of the Government unless certain persons were exempted from paying their just proportion of the same, and hath given up the chief fortress (Castle William) into the hands of troops over whom he declared he had no control: in extending the power of courts to such a degree as to deprive the colonists of their right of trial by jury, and that they have reason to fear that the judges of the Superior Court are to be rendered independent of the people, &c.  Fourth, that an Act of Parliament, under which Commissioners have been appointed to enquire after persons concerned in the burning of the Gasper (H. B. M. Schooner) at Providence, hath greatly alarmed us, though far from justifying the Act, we apprehended such proceedings extraordinary, the constitution having provided for the punishment of such offendors, and it thus appears that the unguarded conduct of some particular persons, hath brought upon us the punishment, for our loyalty, due to rebellion only. Fifth, that we will use all lawful endeavors to preserve and maintain the rights and privileges of the people, and stand ready “to risque our lives and our fortunes in defence of those liberties which our forefather purchased at so dear a rate”.  Sixth, that our representative is


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instructed to use his influence in the Assembly of this province to contend earnestly in a constitutional was for the just rights and privileges of the people, that they may be handed down inviolate to the latest posterity, and as this can only be done by the united endeavors of all the provinces, we instruct him to promote a strict Union and correspondence with them, and that they unitedly petition his Majesty for a redress of grievances. These spirited resolutions attracted the attention of the royal authorities, and the following year Gov. Gage with two companies of the King’s troops of the 64th Regt. Of Foot took up his residence in the town, but they were so closely watched by the inhabitants whose jealousy was aroused by their presence, that they became fearful of an attack, and after being under arms every night to prevent surprise the governor, troops and all suddenly took their departure of Sept. 25, 1774, in the dead of night for Boston.

            At the time of the separation of the towns of Salem and Danvers in 1752, there were twenty-five slaves held in bondage by the citizens of the latter place. They all became free by the operation of law when Massachusetts formed and adopted its constitution in 1780. Most, if not all of them, remained while they lived, with the families to which they had belonged, and in the service of their former masters.  Some were industrious and valuable citizens and left descendants much respected.


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One of these was Mr. Prince Farmer’s, a son of Milo, slave of William Poole, Esq., and who deceased at Salem in 1850.  He was a popular caterer, and for a great number of years kept a noted refreshment saloon in that place which was frequented by the best class of its citizens.  He is understood to have accumulated a handsome competency, which his worthy descendants now enjoy.  Besides the Farmer family there was a family of Shorters the progenitors of which was Shorter, brought by Dr. Cutler of Hamilton from Washington, when he returned thence as Representative from the Essex District in 1804.  Shorter was gardener and coachman for Dr. Cutler, and married his wife Remember from Ipswich, who after Shorter’s demise came to Deacon Fitch Poole’s family to live, and was for many years a valued and trusted servant. They had three children, one of whom, Royal Shorter died in Salem in 1878, employed as janitor at the Holyoke Insurance Office.  There were two daughters, who married and left descendants.  Prince Hall was also a well know colored man, often employed by Mr. Poole, and lived near the source of strong-water brook.  He was a musician, and his fiddle was also in requisition at merry makings in the vicinity.  All these former slaves have left numerous successors, mostly industrious and well-to-do, and such as has been their attachment to the family that every generation of them have, up to the present writing, sent a representative to make a call of respect upon the existing family at the old Poole


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homestead in Peabody every successive year.  In the adjacent burial ground (on Poole’s Hill) the first interment in which was made as early as 1650, there is a space of ground set apart for the burial of this which is situated in the S. W. corner, and is crowded with graves, showing how numerous must have been the earlier generations of these families.  In the year 1852, one hundred years after the division of the town it was stated by J. W. Proctor, Esq., in his centennial address, that not one individual of the colored race was at that time an inhabitant of the town of Danvers.

            Mr. Wm. Pool was a person of sedate and quiet disposition, but known in social life for his wit and humor.

            He was twice married; 1st Jan. 22, 1756, after or about the time he had established himself in business at Danvers, to Miss Mary Floyd, dau. of ______Floyd of Medford, b. 1731, d. Feb. 13, 1760, by whom he had two children, and 2d Oct. 1761 to Elizabeth dau. of Miles Ward, jr. and Hannah (widow of Benjamin Hawthorn uncle of the writer Nathl. H, and dau. of Samuel and Hannah Derby, descendant of Roger Derby1 of Salem in the third generation, through Roger2 and said Samuel3) who was born Salem, July 9, 1738, d. Jan. 20, 1806, by whom he had seven children.  Hannah (Derby) Ward, mother of Elizabeth, was b. at Southold, L. I., 1702, and d. Salem, Oct. 28, 1796.  She m. 1st (being his 2d wife) May 25, 1727, Benjamin, son of Col. John and Ruth (Gardner)


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Hawthorne – or Hathorn, as then spelled – a descendant of Major William Hawthorne, famous in the earliest annals of Salem.  By this marriage she had two children; Benjamin Bapt. Feb. 18, 1728, and Hannah, bapt. April 5. 1730.  After his death she m. 2d Oct. 10, 1737, Miles, son of Miles and Sarah (Massey) Ward, b. April 18, 1704, d. June 1792.  Miles, jr. by his 1st wife Elizabeth (Phippen) had eight children, and by his 2d, Hanna, had eight more, which number with her, own gave them eighteen children for their family circle.  Elizab. was the 1st child by the 2d marriage.  Samuel Derby, father of Hannah, was son of Roger and Lucretia Derby, and brother of Roger, jr., of whom the Poole homestead was purchased, b. Ipswich, Nov. 24, 1673, and died at sea, date unknown.  Roger Derby, the first of the name was born in Topsham, Devonshire, England, in 1643, emigrated and arrived at Boston, July 18, 1671; removed to Ipswich, then to Salem, where he died, Sept. 26, 1698. His sons and their descendants for several generations were remarkable for their commercial enterprise, and built up a foreign trade for the port of Salem, that at the close of the last century left it almost without a rival as a mart of commerce, at the same time so enriching the family that at the death of Elias Haskett Derby, one of his grandsons, in 1799, he alone accounted the wealthiest man in America.

            The children by Mary Floyd were:

140.     i.          William, B. Nov. 6, 1756, d. Mar. 30, 1782


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m. Mary.  He was of scholarly tastes and studious habits and taught a school for a time in Danvers, and is termed “Schoolmaster” in the Probate Records, in which administration is granted his widow “Polly”, June 4, 1783.

141.     iv.        Mary, b. Dec. 6, 1758, d. April 2, 1806.  She m. Feb. 12, 1793 Hon. Jonathan Ingersoll of Danvers, afterwards of Salem, a leading lawyer and judge, becoming his 2d wife. This lady was noted for great personal charms both of mind and manners, and said to have become as lovely in form and features as she was brilliant in intellect, and remained queen of society for some years before and after her marriage.  No issue.  Judge Ingersoll was son of Nathaniel and Bethia (Gardner) Ingersoll, a descendant of Richard Ingersoll of Salem, b. Dec. 2, 1755, d. Jan. 24, 1791.  Both were members of St. Peter’s Church.  Their children were.  Nathaniel, George and Mary Ingersoll.  The latter became the wife of Hon. Nathaniel Bowditch, L. L. D., the learned mathematician, translator of La Place and author of the “Navigator”, and their children were.  Nathl. Ingersoll Bowditch, bap. Oct. 16, 1806, Henry Ingersoll, bap. Oct. 30, 1808, Mary Ingersoll, bap. May 19, 1816.  William, b. Aug. 15, 1819 & Elizabeth Boardman


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            bapt. Aug. 14, 1823.  Judge Ingersol m. also a third wife, Sarah Blythe, dau. of Aaron Purbeck, Feb. 15, 1808.

The children of Elizabeth were:


142.     iii.        Ward, b. South Danvers, Apr. 17, 1763, d. Nov. 14, 1828.

                        He m. two wives, Sarah Perry and Rebecca Seccomb.

143.     iv.        Zachariah, b. Oct 5, 1764, d. Sept. 2, 1807, was unmarried, a mariner and well known for his social and genial habits, much addicted to story telling of which his sea faring experience gave him a large fund. From Geo. G. Smith.  He was noted for great urbanity of manner and was a popular visitor in the family circles of the neighborhood.

144.     v.         Nathaniel, b. Sept. 30, 1766, also a mariner, d. at sea, no exact date, in 1790, at the early age of 24.

145.     vi.        Elizabeth Ward, b. April 30, 1770, d. Oct. 17, 1827, m. Jan. 1, 1797, becoming his 2d wife, Major Sylvester Osborn of Danvers, son of Joseph and Mary (Proctor) Osborne, b. Danvers, Nov. 10, 1758, d. Oct. 2, 1845. He was a soldier of the revolution and was the youngest member of the first company of “Minute men” that started from [for handwritten]  Lexington of the first alarm that the British were marching on Concord, Apr. 19, 1775. Of this company seven were slain in battle, and young Osborn is said to have had a narrow escape losing the


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lock of his musket by a bullet toward the close of the engagement.  He became a successful merchant, and filled many positions of trust in the civil and military life.  Their children were:

(1)   Elizabeth Osborne, b. Apr. 13, 1798, d. Mar. 7, 1850. M. Nov. 8, 1824, Col. Caleb Lowe, son of Stephen and Sally (Jacobs) Low, b. May 31, 1796, d.     Col. Lowe was son of Stephen and grandson of Major Caleb Low of the Revolutionary Army, who was present at the execution of Andre and commanded a detachment at Fishkill, under the immediate eye of Washington. Some original orders to Major Lowe in the handwriting of Washington are now in the possession of the family.  The children of Col. Lowe and Elizabeth were: 1st, Caleb Francis Low, b. Aug 28, 1825, d. Feb. 25, 1826: 2d, Elizabeth Osborne, b. June 6, 1827 and d. Mar. 7, 1852: 34d, Caleb Frances, b. Apr. 5, 1829, d. Apr. 7, 1844: 4th, Edward West, b. July 19, 1830 and d. Sept. 15, 1831: Sarah Jacobs, b. Dec 15, 1831, d. Jan. 4, 1832: 5th, Sarah Jacobs, b. June 27, 1833, m. Nov. 1, 1858, John M. Hall of Rutland (and had 1st, Elizabeth Low Hall, b. May 22, 1861 and 2nd Mary Frost, b. Apr. 27, 1869) (6) Mary Frost Low, b. Dec. 16, 1837, m. at Rutland, Vt. in 1863, Geo. R. Hall of that place.

(2)   Augustus Kendall Osborne, b. July 7, 1800 d. at Boston Mar. 18, 1849, m. Danvers Jan. 3, 1833, Mary, Dau. of Squires Shove of Danvers, b. Apr. 3, 1803,


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d. at Boston Mar. 30, 1842.  He went to sea early in life, and was afterwards for many years Cashier of Warren Bank in South Danvers, and subsequently a banker in Boston.  His children were (1) Francis Agustus, a distinguished officier in the war of the rebellion, served as Leiut. Col., Colonel and Brig General of Mass. Volunteers, was mustered out at the close of the War, since which period he has been in business as a banker in Boston.  He was b. Danvers, Sept. 22, 1833, m. Boston Sept. 5, 1867, Mary Moore, dau. of Granville Mears b. June 18, 1840, d. July 20, 1875, Leaving 1 dau. Esther Osborn, b. Feb. 15, 1869; (2) Edward Hacker, b. Danvers July 16, 1835, d. Aug. 26, 1839 (3) Sylvester Kendall, b. Aug 28, 1837, d. Aug. 17, 1839, (4) Charles Howland, b. Oct. 12, 1839 d. Boston, Jan. 19, 1866, and (5) Mary Shove, b. Mar. 17, 1842.


(3)   Mary Ingersoll Osborn, b. Mar. 2, 1804, d.    1855 m. May 23, 1825, John W. Proctor, Esq., son of Capt. Johnson Proctor, and was a distinguished lawyer of Danvers. b.             d.        1874. Their children were (1) Mary Ingersoll, b. Aug. 3, 1825, d. y.  (2) Elizabeth Osborn, b. Sept. 11, 1827, d. young.  (3) Aug. Holyoke, b. Aug. 1, 1829, d. Jan. 8, 1862, m. Mar. 4, 1856 Dolly A. Nichols, of Salem, (and had (1) Arthur Watus Proctor, b. Sept. 29, 1856, (2) Mary Ellen b. Mar. 26, 1858 (3) Carrie Borden, b. Feb. 18, 1860, d. young and (4) Augusta Holyoke b. June 22, 1862) (4) Elizabeth


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Osborn, b. Oct. 16, 1831 (5) John Webster, b. Dec. 7, 1834, d. young (6) Caroline Waters, b. March 26, 1836, d. Aug. 1, 1858 (7) Augusta Osbourn, b. Dec. 28, 1838, d. young (8) Henry Harrison, b. Dec. 18, 1840, m.     1862 Ellen A. Perkins of Peabody, Mass. (and had (1) Frank Ingersol, b. Aug 23, 1864 (2) Charles Anderson, b. Oct. 24, 1866) (9) Edward Waters, b. Mar. 4, 1842 m. (4)  Rebecca Poole Osborn b. Feb. 28, 1808, m. 1839, Henry M. Wilder of Leominster, and d.    1844, leaving 1 daughter Sarah Elizabeth, b. July 6, 1841, who m. Dec. 24, 1877, Albert H. Mason of Brockton, Mass.

146.     vii.       Fitch (Dea.) b. Feb. 13, 1772, d. Jan. 23, 1838; m. Elizabeth Cutler.

147.     viii.      Rebecca, b. Oct. 18, 1774, d. April 2, 1785.


79.       Fitch Pool5 son of Zachariah4 and Rebecca (Jona3 Jona2 and John1) b. Reading, May 28, 1737, d. Boston Sept. 2, 1770, m. Anne.  Was a distinguished merchant of Boston, and frequently mentioned in the town records as having been selected to perform public duties, among others that of overseer of clerks of the markets in which his name appears with the following associates: Samuel Calef, John Gore, George Greene, added to the list of the preceding year (1769) which consisted of Francis Green, Samuel Barrett and John Leighton Copley, the latter the eminent painter who removed to England, and was father of the late Lord Lyndhunt, High Chancellor of England.  In the list of the “Sons of Liberty” a patriotic society which was formed to resist the


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encroachments of the British government upon rights of the colonists, and which association dined at Dorchester, at a tavern called the “Liberty Tree” on August 14, 1769, appears the name of Fitch Pool, the Merchant of Boston, in the company with Josiah Quincy, Sam’l Quincy, John Adams, Sam Adams, John Hancock , Paul Revere, and a number of others who were leaders in the contest of which six years later, culminated in the Revolutionary War. His tomb is in the Granary Burial ground on Tremont Street, and is situated 75 feet southwest of the Franklin monument near the tomb of Jeremiah Fitch, his (uncle?).





Will of Fitch Poole, of Boston. 1770.

            Boston, Sept. 1, 1770 – I, Fitch Pool, of Boston aforesaid, Merchant, do by these presents give to Anne Pool, my wife, after my decease, the use of all the house hold furniture which I am now possessed of, until she be again married, or until my two children, Fitch and Anne Pool shall arrive at lawful age; excepting only the following articles (which I would have sold) viz: a sett of new chairs, a large looking glass, a Shagreen case of


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ivory handled knives and forks, and a box of the same; a Wilton Carpet, a mahogany bedstead, and one piece of Bandanna and some pieces of Bolton Romall Handkerchiefs.

            And I will that my said Wife shall have after my decease three pieces of bed furniture now in my dwelling house in Boston aforesaid, to be disposed of as the shall think proper without being accountable to any person for the same: And furthermore I give to Rebecca Stow of Boston aforesaid widow, six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence.  Also I give to William Wilkins of Boston aforesaid six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, which sums I desire that my administrators would pay out of my estate after my decease.   And it is my will that the said Wilkins be continued to settle my business after my decease, as I think him the most able to do it.  And I desire that my wife and Timothy Newhall of Boston may be administrators to my Estate.

                                                            (Signed) Fitch Pool.

Signed and delivered in the presence of

Joseph Morton

James Frost.

Elizabeth Gray.

Will proved Sept. 14, 1770  Inventory of estate £3153 1s 11d and includes 5 Vessels, a wharf, still house, the family pew in Trinity Church, numbered 35,one negro boy Cato and one named Pompey.

            The two children Fitch and Ann Pool, minors under 14, were placed under the guardianship of their mother


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Ann Pool, Oct. 6, 1771?  They received under their grandfather’s will (P. 104) severally a silver tankard and silver can “to be delivered at a lawful age.”

            After the decease of her husband, Anne m. 2d Dr. John Taylor of Lunenburg, July 2, 1772.

            The children of Fitch and Ann Pool were,

148.     i.          Anne, Called Nancy in records, b. 1769. d.

149.     ii          Fitch, b. 1761, d. March 1785 aged 24.


88.       Jonathan Poole6, son of Jona5 and Mary Leaman (Jona4 Jona3 Jona2 and John1) b. Reading Apr. 21, 1747, d. Oct. 25, 1807, m. Apr. 25, 1789, Anne dau. of Samuel and Lynda Bancroft b. Apr. 3, 1749, d. Dec. 31, 1831, aged 82 years, 8 mo., 28 days.  Was a yeoman of the West Parish of Reading, and was known as Jona. Poole, 3d, their being two others of the same name relatives and contemporaries, his father above named Jona.5 b. 1737, his 2d cousin.  He served in the Revolutionary War as        in Colonel David Green’s Regiment and is recorded as on duty April 19, 1775, though not in the battle of that day at Lexington.

            The children of Jona. And Anne were:-

148.     i.          Jonathan7, b. March 3, 1770, d. June 30, 1770

149.     ii.         Nancy7, b. Nov. 29, 1772, d. Feb. 21, 1789.

150.     iii.        Jonathan7, b. Sept. 6, 1775, d. Nov. 29, 1776.

151.     iv.        Luke7, b. Nov. 4, 1777, d. Apr. 27, 1813, m. Susannah Hill Bates.

152.     v.         Charles7, b. Feb. 12, 1780. d. no date m. Betsey Smith of N. H.


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153.     vi         Haven7, b. July 23, 1782, d. June 28, 1811, m. Mary Chapman, Salem.

154.     vii.       Lot7, b. May 13, 1784, d. March 28, 1836, m. 1st Lydia Parker & 2d Fanny Oliva.

155,     viii.      Matilda7, b. June, 2, 1786, d. Dec. 21, 1822, m. Apr. 18, 1807, Dea. Caleb, son of Timothy and Susanna Wakefield, b. Apr. 15, 1785, residence Wakefield, Mass. Their children were-

(1)   Caleb Horace Poole Wakefield8 (M.D.) Supt. State Alms House at Monson, Mass.

(2)   Marvella8, b. Dec. 10, 1810, d. Dec. 11, 1810, 1 day old.

(3)   Edwards8, b. Sept. 12, 1817, d. Sept 14, 1818.

(4)   Matilda, b. Jan. 14, 1821.

After the death of his wife Matilda in 1822, he M. 2s, Nov. 3, 1823, Nancy Temple.

156.     ix         John, b. Oct. 12, 1788, Oct. 23, 1789.

157.     x.         Henry, recorded as Harry, b. Feb. 9, 1791, d. Portland, Me. unmarried Sept. 1822 and was a printer.

90.       Samuel Sheldon6, son of Lieut. Jonathan (John4, Jona3 Jona2 and John1), b. Mar. 25, 1751, at Reading, d. Yarmoth, Nova Scotia, Oct. 7, 1835, m. Yarmouth, 1775 Elizabeth, dau. of Seth Barnes, Esq.  He was educated at Harvard College, and graduated 1770 became a clergyman, also taught school for two years in his native town.  He removed to Nova Scotia in 1774.  This date is fixed by the endorsement on Mf. sermon in the possession of Dr. Alex. Poole of Wakefield, which recites, “preached


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at Yarmouth, August 7, 1774”.  The town records of Reading show that he was teacher of the public school there, the previous year..  Credited with the sentiments of loyalty to the English crown, and in Nova Scotia pursued his calling of preacher, and teacher of a grammar school, for some years.  He was a member of the Colonial legislature, and was re-elected annually from 1785 to 1835, a period of fifty years, acquiring from this long public service the title of father of the home.  For many years he also held the judicial position of Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and in an eminent degree possessed the esteem and respect of the Governors of the Province, one of whom, Sir Joseph Kempt, specially honored him on occasions of ceremony, and made him a prominent guest at his state dinners.  He was both pious and learned, as his written sermons, many of which are preserved, sufficiently attest.  He lived a long, honorable and useful life, and if it be true that his devotion to the king and government of Great Britain, was the occasion of his emigration to Nova Scotia at the beginning of the controversy which culminated in the American revolution, the remembrance of that life deserves to be cherished by his descendants, for there can be no sacrifice more noble save that of life itself – than the voluntary abandonment of country, birthplace, family, friends, and reputation, for a principle founded upon a conscientious conviction of duty.  In Sabinis American Loyalists is related and anecdote relative to Judge Poole


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in connection with his membership of the Nova Scotia legislature, which is probably the offspring of some idle brain, and originally intended as a parliamentary joke.

            His wife was the daughter of Seth Barnes, Esq., a merchant of Yarmouth, whose property suffered greatly from the depredations of privateers during the revolution.  In Felt’s Annals of Salem it is state “As the people of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia had been friendly to Americans, and Seth Barnes, Esq. of that place had a large sum taken from him by a Salem privateer, some of the inhabitants of Salem petition the legislature, July 2, 1782 that they may be free from such molestations. But a majority of the town have different views, and wish their representatives to oppose any bill to this effect.  Still the General Court prohibit hostilities against Yarmouth.”

            In May previous, several gentlemen sent a petition to the legislature from Salem and Beverly, asking that the people of Yarmouth may not be plundered by our privateers, “because the greater part of them moved thither from this quarter a few years ago, and have been very kind to our men who have been thrown among them by the events of the War.  Seth Barnes, Esq. had a large sum taken from him by one of our privateers”. From this evidence it appears that Judge Poole was not the only emigrant from the colony to Nova Scotia before the War, and that the town of Yarmouth was largely settled by citizens from Massachusetts.


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            Of the original settlers of Yarmouth, his wife Elizabeth Barnes was b. Plymouth, N.S., Dec. 25, 1754, survived her husband, and died aged 84, March 13, 1839.

Their children were:

158.     i.          Samuel7, b. Sept. 11, 1776, d. August 17, 1819. Was educated at Harvard Coll. Where he was graduated in 1799; became a teacher, was principal of the Grammar School and then a merchant of Yarmouth, m. Hannah Coffran, dau. of William Coffran of that Place, but left no issue.  His widow         Baker.

159.     ii.         Seth7, b. Yarmouth, April 9, 1779, d. June 20, 1813 m. Mary Cushenburg.

160.     iii.        John7, b.     Sept. 10, 1780, d. at sea or at West Indies of fever 1816.

161.     iv.        Timothy7, b. Dec 25, 1783, d. July 15, 1784.

162.     v.         Elizabeth7, b. May 15, 1785, d. Dec. 14, 1875, age 90; m. 1st Thomas Dalton, who died soon after and 2d Benjamin Lewis of Yarmouth, son of Waitstill and Chloe Lewis, May 3, 1784, d. Mar. 8, 1838 – their ch.

            (1) Waitstill Lewis, b. Oct. 1808, a mariner, lost at sea.

(2) Nathan Lewis, b. Nov. 16, 1810, m. Feb. 14, 1838, Mary Eliza Baker of Y. and had 1st James b. Nov. 29, 1838; 2d, Nancy, b. Nov. 8, 1840; 3rd, Charles, b. June 7, 1842, d. Apr. 1, 1862; 4th Annie b. Jan. 12, 1844; 5th, Benj. b. Nov. 28, 1845, d. Sept. 24, 1846; 6th, Benj. b.


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Apr. 2, 1848; 7th Josiah Baker, b. Feb 10, 1850; 8th Harriet Alien, b. Nov. 8, 1851, d. Mar. 9, 1852; 9th Mary Eliza., b. Jan 13, 1854; 10th, Nathan b. July 24, 1855, d. Aug. 8, 1855; 11th Franklin Poole, b. Aug. 17, 1856; 12th Henry August, b. Oct. 6, 1860.

(3)   Sheldon, b. Feb. 26, 1812, m. Jan. 23, 1850, Matilda Ann Kelley, b. Aug. 27, 1824, their chil: (1) John Lewis, b. Dec. 22, 1850, d. Jan. 20 1851. (2) Louisa Durkee, b. Oct. 14, 1852; (3) Alexander Poole, b. May 28, 1854; Mary Kelley, b. Oct. 12, 1862.

(4)   Benjamin, b. Apr. 15, 1815.

(5)   John b.

(6)   Charles, b.

(7)   Sophia, b. [pencil handwritten: Hernlow???]

(8)   Elizabeth b. [pencil handwritten: Gardrier???]

(9)   Nancy b. [pencil handwritten: Patch??]

163.     Sophia, b. Oct. 18. 1787, d. Aug. 17, 1817, m. abt. 1810 William Bain, and had:

            (1) Warren, b. abt. 1810, d. Feb. 28, 1873.

(2) Robert, b. June 10, 1812, d. May 10, 1863.

93.       Timothy Poole6, son of Jonathan5 and Mary Sheldon (John4, Jona3 Jona2 and John1) was b. May 3, 1762, d. Feb. 10, 1828, m. 1st Mar. 25, 1787, Lucy dau. of Ebenezer and Sarah Pope, b. Feb. 13, 1762, d. Nov. 21, 1796, and m. 2d Dec. 27, 1798, Jonathan [hand written above: Jerusha] Fitch, dau. of Josiah and Jerusha (Brooks) Richardson, b. Woburn, May 4, 1777, d. Reading, Aug. 15, 1839.  (The Richardson Genealogy states the parents of Jerusha to have been Bartholomew and Abigail


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(Merriam) Richardson of Woburn, which appears to be an error).  Was a decoration painter and artist, in which he displayed considerable talent, which had been inherited by one of this sons, was famous for wit, and a fondness for practical humor, withal an upright citizen and kind neighbor, and noted as a prominent founder in 1813, of the Universalist Church in South Reading.  He died greatly lamented, from the effects of a fall from an upper scaffold in his barn, at the age of 66.  His children, the first by Lucy, the others by Jerusha, were:

164.     i.          Lucy7, b. June 29, 1789, d. Sept. 4, 1869 m. Mr. Jennings.

165.     ii.         Caroline Boardman7, b. May 24, 1802, d. in Cambridge, Oct. 27, 1844. Unm.

166.     iii.        Alexander7, b. July 25, 1804, d. 1878. m. 1st, Nov. 11, 1947, Cynthia, dau. of Daniel and Esther Rugg, b. Heath, Mass., Nov. 26, 1816, d. July 30, 1871.  He m. 2d April 2, 1873, Lucy Ann, dau. of Capt. Robert and Lucy Upton of Salem, b. Nov. 12, 1822.  They have no children:  He received a medical education, was a practicing physician in Cambridge and Chelsea, and later in Wakefield his native place.

167.     iv.        Franklin7, b. Oct. 19, 1808 m. at Deerfield, N. H. Aug. 19, 1840, Rebecca Prescott Rollins.  Is an artist by profession, resides on the old homestead of his father, Salem Street, Wakefield.  He was a representative to the Legislature from South Reading, 1847.

98.       Isaac Poole6, son of John5 and Susannah (Timothy4


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Jona3 Jona2 and John1), b. Lynnfield (N. Saugus) on the old Poole place of 1636, Jan. 19, 1775, d. Feb. 12, 1814, m. Jan. 18, 1807, Eliza Black (of Lynn?)  Was a yeoman, and resided at Lynn.  Children:

168,     i.          Larkin Ward7, b. Nov. 17, 1807, d. April 25, 1859 in Australia, where he went for his health in 1853.  He was employed in the manufacture of shoes while in Lynn.  He m. Aug. 18, 1844, Adeline, dau. of Daniel and Nancy Kidder, b. Boston, May 11, 1822.

169,     ii.         Thomas7, b. Sept. 20, 1809, d. Dec. 5, 1809.

99.       Thomas Poole6, son of John5, and Susannah (Timothy4, Jona3 Jona2 and John1) b. May 20, 1777, d. 1825 m. Oct. 19, 1799 Susanna Stimpson of Reading, -  Made a voyage to the West Indies for the recovery of his health, and was seized with Yellow Fever and died there.  By church records of Wakefield he is stated to have had an adopted son, Charles Melville Poole, who was baptized Oct. 12, 1806. By his wife he had no issue.

101-b   Jonathan Poole6, son of Eleazer Flagg5 and Mary (Jona.4 Jona.3 Jona.2 and John1) b. Woburn, Sept. 5, 1758. Removed to Hollis, N. H. and m. Dec. 7, 1780, Elizabeth, dau. of Dr. John and Elizabeth (Hall) Hale of Pepperell, Mass. b. Sept. 28, 1762 d. Haverhill, N. H. Dec. 12, 1846 at the residence of her daughter Mrs. Rebecca Hunt. (She m. 2d. April 2, 1808, Oxford, N. H. Judge James Woodward of the District Court, who was b. March 28, 1741, d, Haverhill Jan. 11, 1821.)

            Jonathan was educated as a physician under the care of Dr. John Hale of Hollis, with whom he remained several years.  Dr. Hale was appointed Assistant Surgeon


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in the Colonial Army in 1755, serving in Col. Blanchard’s regiment in the expedition against the French and Indians at Crown Point in that year, and was surgeon in the second expedition of 1758, in the regiment of Col. Hart.  In 1777 he was commissioned again as Surgeon in Col. Poor’s New Hampshire regiment of the Revolutionary Army, and young Jonathan Poole, then a medical student, accompanied him as assistant and continued for over three years in the military service, and faithfully discharging the duty of a medical officer, until on June 4, 1780, he retired from duty in the field to his home in Hollis, and settled as resident physician enjoying an extensive practice until his death in July 25, 1797.  A young son of Dr. John Hale also accompanied his father, as assistant and hospital steward, and served three years, and afterwards m. Esther, one of the sisters of Dr. Jona. Poole.

            Dr. Poole’s wife was neice of Col. William Prescott the commander of the American troops at Bunker Hill, through the latter’s marriage to Dr. John Hale’s sister and he was the ancestor of William H. Prescott the historian.  Dr. Hale was one of the most active agents in organizing the N. H. troops who were forwarded to Cambridge and participated in the battle of the 17th June, having been an influential member of the convention the previous April, which assembled at Exeter, N. H., and it is probable his influence contributed to place his brother-in-law, Col. Prescott in the responsible position in which though suffering defeat, he won for himself


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and his undisciplined command, not only the respect of the enemy but imperishable renown.

            The children of Dr. Jona. Poole6 and his wife Elizabeth were:-

169-a.              Jonathan7 b. Hollis, June 2, 1781, d. Hollis in infancy.

169-b.  ii.         Eliza7, b. Mar. 26, 1783, d. unm Haverhill, N. H., Mar. 23, 1873.

169-c.  iii.        Samuel Hale7, b. Nov. 23, 1784, d. Bristol, Me. Apr. 22, 1869.

169-d.  iv.        Jonathan7, b. June 3, 1787, d. Northumberland, N. H. Oct. 27, 1872, M. Rebecca Gage.   

169-e   v.         Susan7, b. Aug. 17, 1790, d. Haverhill, N. H. May 14, 1875, m. Apr. 28, 1813, Joshua, son of Judge James and Hanna (Clark) Woodward b. Haverhill, N. H. Oct. 2, 1786, d. Mar. 12, 1863, a yeoman.

            Their children:- (1) Elizabeth, b. Mar. 19, 1814, d. Dec. 26, 1838; (2) Susan, b. Jan. 8, 1816, d. May 6, 1838; (3) James, b. June 21, 1818; (4) Joshua Henry b. Oct. 27, 1820

169-f.  vi.        Rebecca7, b. Hollis, Nov. 20, 1791, d. Haverhill, N. H. Nov. 8, 1863, m. Dec 24, 1811, Caleb son of Henry and Elizabeth (Seaver) Hunt, b. Bath, N. H. Aug. 3, 1782, d. June 10, 1861, Haverhill; was originally a woolen manufacturer, afterwards farmer, a descendant of Edward and Anne (Weed) Hunt of Amesburg, Mass. Their children were: (1) Caleb Seaver, b. 1815; (2) Rebecca b. 1817, d. 1853; (3) Harriet b. 1819; d. 1829; (4)


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Louisa Gibbs, b. 1821; (5) Eliza Jane, b. 1823, d. 1856; Horace b. Feb. 24, 1825; (7) Wm. Prescott, b. Jan. 14, 1827 (8) Harriet, b. 1829 (9) Henry Clay, b. 1831; and (10) Ellen Cornelia, b. 1834.

101-c.  Eleazer Flagg Poole6, son of Eleazer F5 (Jona.4 Jona.3 Jona.2 and John1) b. Woburn, Jan. 19, 1761; He married Sept. 8, 1777, Mary dau. of Joshua and Rachel Reed, b. June 3, 1760, d. Nov. 27, 1796.  He was a soldier in the six months troop, raised in N. H. in 1780, being then under age, though he had been married nearly three years, and one child had already born to him.

By his wife Mary he had –

169-g.  i.          Eleazer Flagg7, b. Feb. 25, 1799, d. Dec. 30, 1856; m. widow Abigail (Edgell) Thayer.

169-h.  ii.         Mary7, recorded as Polly, b. Jan. 23, 1781; m. Joshua Davis and removed to Springfield, Vt., and had several children.

169-i.   iii.        William7, b. 1782, d. Londonderry, N. H. 1821, Married Anne Richardson.

169-j.   iv.        Rufus7, b.  Mar. 24, 1785, d. Westford, July 21, 1825, married Martha Raymond.

            101d.   Rufus Pool6, son of Eleazer F5. (Jona.4 Jona.3 Jona.2 and John1) b. Woburn, March 30, 1769, removed from Woburn and resided in various places, married in Boston Mary Fanning, July 22, 1788, one child only recorded.  He removed last to Stanstead, Canada East, when he died.

169-k.  i.          Sarah b. Newton, Mass. Mar. 6, 1792.


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101 f.   Theodore Carter Poole6, son of Eleazer F. and b. a twin with Esther Flagg, Woburn, July 7, 1772, removed to Canada with his brother Rufus, married and has a family and d. there.

101.     James Poole6, son of John5 and Susannah (Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 and John1) b. N. Saugus, Mar. 2, 1784; d. Apr. 15, 1856.  Resided at the old homestead, was a builder and mason, m. 1st Sept. 10, 1806, Dorcas, dau. of William and Betsey Mansfield, b. Mar. 11, 1784, d. Mar. 28, 1843?  He m. 2d 1845 Clarissa, dau. of Harvey Jacobs, and widow of Elijah Downing, b. 1792, d. Oct. 9, 1862, age 70.  Children, all by Dorcas:-

170.     i.          Sally7, b. May 26, 1807, m. Lynn, Mar. 8, 1828, Otis, son of Allen and Michael Newhall, b. Oct. 16, 1806, d. Jan. 9, 1867.  The widow resides in Lynn.  Children:-

            (1) Sarah Maria, Mansfield8 b. June 15, 1828.

            (2) James Otis8, b. April 11, 1830.

            (3) George Franklin8, b. Jan. 31, 1832; d. Aug. 23, 1864.

            (4) Mary Eliza8, b. Apr. 13, 1834.

            (5) Edward Everett8, b. May 29, 1836, d. Oct. 6 1864.

            (6) Herman Chauncey8, b. May 13, 1838.

            (7) Henry Allen8, b. Aug. 14, 1840.

            (8) Susan Lucy8, b. Apr. 24, 1843.

            (9) Jesse Rhodes8, b. July 5, 1853.

171.     ii.         James7, b. Mar. 16, 1809, m. Mary Downing and Eliza. Holt.


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172.     iii.        George Franklin7, b. Feb. 18, 1811, m. Sarah Moulton & Mary Emerson.

173.     iv.        Lavina7, b. Aug 2, 1813, d. July 15, 1820

174.     v.         Stephen Decatur7, b. Nov. 26, 1816, d. Sept. 22, 1870 m. Susan Clark.

175.     vi.        Lavinia Rutter7, b. Aug. 6, 1825, d. Sept. 8, 1849.

176.     vii.       Dorcas Mansfield7, b. Apr. 15, 1828, d. Apr. 27, 1828.

105.     William Wellstead Poole6, son of Wm.5 and Hannah Nichols (Benjamin4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1) b. Reading, Mass. May 6, 1756 d. Windsor, Vt. Apr. 8, 1836.  He was born the same year of his father’s removal to Hollis, and was a resident of that town at the beginning of the revolution, when he entered the military service in 1776, and served with the two months troops, on the roll of which is his receipt for 3 for said service.  The name on the roll is entered as Wm. Worsted Pool.  He m. Oct. 17, 1780, Sarah, dau. of Benj. Farley and removed to Windsor, Vt. His children were:

177.     i.          William7, b. abt. 1781, m. Prudeniea Morse.

178.     ii.         James7, b. Aug. 14, 1785, d. Hanover, N. H. July 18, 1828, m. Lucy Weld.  See W. L. Pool’s letter.

179.     iii.        Sarah7, b. Dec. 24, 1787, d. Clairmont, N.H. Nov. 20 1863, m. May 6, 1810.  Ebenezers son of Eben and Matilda (Cook) Brewer b. Claremont, Sept. 13, 1785, d. Nov. 5, 1873, was a yeoman.  Their children were:

            (1) Sarah Matilda, b. Feb. 6, 1811, m. Mr. Goddard of Claremont.

            (2) Hannah Maria, b. Jan. 4, 1813.


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(3) Lucy Anne, b. Dec. 3, 1814 d. Apr. 23, 1816.

(4) Wm. Wellstead, b. Jan. 1, 1817 drowned July 4, 1820.

(5) James Poole, b. Dec. 29, 1818, unm. & lives Pittsburg, Pa.

(6) Lucy Anne, b. July 8, 1820, d. Mar. 14, 1870

(7) Martha Miranda, b. Haverhill, N. H. Feb. 25, 1823, m. N. C. Goddard & lives at Malden, Mass.

180.     iv.        Hannah7, b. Hollis, Mar. 4, 1790, d. Clinton Mass. Jan. 10, 1861, m. Nov. 28, 1818, Godfrey Stevens son of Josiah and Matilda b. Claremont, N. H. Sept. 10, 1796 d. Sept. 18, 1842.  Trader.  Their children were:

            (1) Sarah Jane Stevens, b. Aug. 26, 1819, d. July 26, 1821.

(2) Charles G. b. Sept. 16, 1821.  Attorney at law residing at Clinton, Mass., President of First National Bank, Clinton.

(3) James E. P. b. Sept. 4, 1827, d. Dec. 9 1865.

(4) And (5) two children who died in infancy.

106.     James Poole6, son of William5 and Hannah Nichols (Benjamin4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1), was born Reading, Mass. Dec. 21, 1757, d.    1827, m. 1st Caroline? Dau. of Edwd. And Caroline (Levett) Richardson, and 2d Eunice dau. of Chaplin of Ipswich, Mass. b. Aug. 1, 1766. D. Portland, 1855.  He was a soldier of the revolution and served in the Massachusetts line at the capture of Burgoyne at Saratoga, Aug. 1777.  He was subsequently an officer of marines on board the sloop-of-war Alliance, 20 guns, and served in the ship on her successful cruise in the


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British Channel and Mediterranean, until near the close of the War, when, on her homeward voyage, she was captured after a gallant and bloody contest by a sixty-gun frigate on the banks off Newfoundland.  He settled at Portland, Me. after the war, and adopted the profession of the law. His eldest son and only child by his first wife was –

181.     i.          James7,  jr. b. abt. 1789 (?) d.     m. 1803 Patience Humewell, and by his second wife had:-

182.     ii          William Laurens7, b. Portland, Me. Jan. 6, 1804, m. May 12, 1824 Mary Cotton.

183.     iii.        Daniel - C7, b. Portland 1806, d. Lafayette Ind. 1852, a Lawyer by profession, and served as aid to Gov. Fairchild in the Aroostook War,[] in 1835, when Maine attempted to vindicate her territorial rights in the boundary dispute with Great Britain (a controversy settled by the Ashburton treaty.  He served also in the legislature, and was distinguished for his able opposition to President Jackson’s measure of distributing the surplus revenue among the states.  He removed afterwards to Lafayette, Ind., where he followed the practice of the law until his death in 1852.

184.     iv.        Benjamin, b. Portland, Me. 1810, d. St. A[u]gustine, Fla. Nov. 9, 1839.  Appointed Cadet at West Point, June 1826, graduated June 30, 1830 in the class


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with Gen. R. C. Buchanan, Gen. J. B. Magruder and other promoted brevet, 2d lieutenant in 3d Artillery, though recommended in a commission in the engineers, promoted 2n Lieut., July 1, 1830, and 1st Lieut. Aug. 31, 1836.  He was placed on special engineer duty on the Lakes in 1830 where he served five years and rejoined his regiment at the beginning of the Seminole War in Florida in 1835.  From this service he was ordered to the survey of the Mississippi River had his report and recommendation thereon were adopted by the War Department and a large appropriation asked for, to construct a ship canal direct to the Gulf in accordance with his plan, which in some features resembled that adopted in 1876 to confine the current of that river by means of jetties.  The Autumn of 1839 found him on duty at San A[u]gustine, Florida, where he with a number of other officers of merit were swept away by the Yellow Fever epidemic of that year.

113.     Benjamin Poole6,  son of William5 and Hannah (Benj.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1) b. Hollis, N. H., July 1, 1771, d. April 20, 1836, m. 1794 Sarah, dau. of Jonathan Fletcher of Dunstable, Mass. b. Oct. 22, 1770, d. Oct. 31, 1860.  A farmer. Their children:

185.     i.          Sarah               : twins born     : d. Oct. 7, 1797.

186      ii.         Benjamin         : Jan. 24, 1795:  d. Oct. 11 1787.

187.     iii.        William, b. Aug. 17, 1797, d. Aug. 25, 1797.

188.     iv.        Sarah Nichols, b. Sept. 10, 1798, d. March 28, 1864, m. June 1828, David Hoyt and had one child,

            (1) Sarah, b. 1829, m. George Mahan and resided


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            Memphis, Tenn.

189.     v.         Benjamin Fletcher7, b. July 11, 1800 m. Rebecca Eastman.

190.     vi.        Lucy, b. Aug. 29, 1802, d. July 17, 1835, m. Apr. 4, 1823, Dr. B. Gardner Cutter, son of Benoni and Phoebe (Tenney) Cutter of Hollis, b. Jan. 17, 1803, d. July 15, 1849.  Is a physician. Their children were:-

            (1) Lucy Caroline b. 1824.

            (2) Benoni, b. 1826, d. age 11 weeks.

            (3) Benjamin Benoni b. 1828.

191.     vii.       Hannah, b. July 27, 1804, m. Daniel Emerson of Hollis. Removed subsequently to Kalamazoo, Mich.

192.     viii.      Susan Fletcher, b. Apr. 8, 1808, m. Mar. 6, 1833, Dr. John H. Cutter, brother of above Dr. B. G. Cutter) b. Aug. 16, 1807, a physician of Hollis.  Their children:-

            (1) Susan Elizabeth, b. Feb. 22, 1834.

            (2) Ralph H.      b. Nov. 6, 1836.

            (3) John Francis b. Jan. 6, 1838, d. Feb 22, 1875.

            (4) Sarah Caroline b. Sept. 20, 1840, d. July 12, 1844

(5) Lucy Fayette b. Dec. 28, 1842.

(6) Kate Humphrey b. Feb. 20, 1845.

(7) Mary Caroline        : twins born

(8) William Poole        : July 17, 1847.

(9) Sarah C b. Aug. 25, 1849.

193.     ix.        John Langdon b. March 30, 1810 m. Mary Boynton.


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194.     x.         Elizabeth, b. Feb. 25, 1814, d. June 29, 1835, unmarried.

118.     Samuel Poole6 son of Samuel5 and Mehitable (Benj.4 Jona3 Jona2 John1) b. East Ludbury, Mass,. Sept. 12, 1761.  He was administrator of the estate of his father who died in 1776, and whose widow, Hannah (not the mother of Samuel) removed to Reading and died there.  Samuel, the son was living in 1783, at E. Ludbury, and probably succeeded to the estate as well as to the business (that of a tanner) followed by his father.

123.     Ebenezer Poole6, son of Sam’l5 and Hannah (Choate) (Benj.4 Jona3 Jona2 John1) b. East Ludbury, Mass. Feb. 11, 1775, removed to Roxbury, Mass. Thence to Jaffrey, N. H., where he d. Dec. 31, 1857.  Was a yeoman, and m. Olive, dau. of John and Martha (Shed) Ward, b. Roxbury, May 20, 1774, d. Jaffrey, Oct. 9, 1846.  Their children were all b. in Jaffrey, H. H. and were

195.     i.          Mary M7, b. Aug. 4, 1802, residence Brookline, Mass.

196.     ii.         Catharine7, b. Sept. 17, 1803, d. Sept. 3, 1820, Groton, Mass.

197.     iii.        Samuel7, b. Sept. 17, 1803, d. Ashland, Mass. Oct. 18, 1871, m. Clarissa Morse.

198.     iv.        Hannah C7, b. March 7, 1806, d. April 26, 1858, m. Ezekiel Merrill, Roxbury, Carpenter and Builder, and had:-

            (1) Henrietta A. Merrill; (2) Catharine; (3) Martha; (4) Lucy and (5) Walter.


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199.     v.         Martha Shed7, b. July 11, 1807, d. Dec. 23, 1827 at Roxbury, Mass., of Smallpox.

200.     vi.        Caroline7, b. Nov. 18, 1808, d. Jan. 12, 1858 m. Jaffrey, N. H. Parsons (Persons another record says), son of Benj. and Susan Darling, farmer and cooper, and had –

            (1) Mary Miriam Darling, b. May 9, 1837, Jaffrey N. H.

            (2) John Ward b. Jan. 10, 1843, d. a soldier in the war of the rebellion, of the 16th New Hampshire volunteers, in Louisiana, May 19, 1863.

201.     vii.       Ebenezer7, b. July 5, 1810, d. Sandwich Islands, date unknown, m. Roxbury, Mass. Dec. 15, 1833, Clarissa Duisdell.

202.     viii.      John Ward7, b. Aug. 3, 1812, d. Jaffrey Jan. 7, 1875, m. 1st, Edith Cutter, 2d Dorothy Holt.

203.     ix.        William M7, b. Aug. 10, 1814, m. Emeline Sanders.

204.     x.         Elizabeth B. 7, b. Aug. 18, 1818, d. Sept 19, 1819.

205.     xi.        Elizabeth7, b. June 10 1820, d. Nov. 13, 1868, m. Sept. 1, 1844, John H., son of Ephraim H. and Lydia Butler, grocer of Salmon Falls, N. H., b. Moultonboro, Sept. 18, 1819. One child, Emma R., b. Apr. 10, 1848.

124.     Joseph Eaton Poole6,  son of Samuel5 and Elizabeth (Samuel4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1) b. Reading, July 24, 1759,


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d. Oct. 20, 1788.  Was a yeoman and inherited the farm of his father, of whose will he was executor.  He married Lydia Hayward, of Malden, Oct. 25, 1786, but had no children. Administration on his estate was granted James and Joseph Bancroft and Nathan Parker, on Oct. 5, 1788.

132.     Thomas Poole6 son of Thomas5 and Mary (Parker) (Sam’l.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1) b. Reading Dec. 5, 1773, d. North Woburn, Mass. whither he removed on marriage, Feb. 5, 1841; m. Aug. 18, 1796 Ruth, dau. of Jabez and Keziah Thompson of Woburn, b. Nov. 2, 1773, d. April 29, 1840  Yeoman. Their children were:-

206.     i.          Mary, b. Jan. 15, 1797, residence (1876) Wakefield, Mass.; m. Oct. 14, 1819 Col. James, son of James and Sarah (Hopkinson) Hartshorn, b. Aug. 13, 1796, d. Apr. 25, 1870.  Their children:-

            (1) Thomas Wilson Hartshorn, b. Aug. 2, 1821, d. Sept. 8, 1822.

            (2) Thomas Wilson, b. Nov. 17, 1823, d. Aug. 18, 1842

            (3) William Hubbard, b. Dec. 3, 1824, d. Aug. 3, 1826

            (4) William Hubbard, b. Sept. 30, 1826.

            (5) Mary Parker, b. Aug. 20, 1830, m. John Rayner.

            (6) Charles Frederick, b. Jan. 20, 1835.

207.     ii.         George, b. Dec. 10, 1798, d. June 26, 1875, m. Clarissa Kimball.

208.     iii.        Ruth Thompson, b. Mar. 28, 1801, unm.

209.     iv.        Jefferson Thomas, b. Mar. 9, 1803, d. Boston, 1853, m. and had 1 ch. Charles H.

210.     v. Thomas Jefferson, b. Also Mar. 9, 1803 (twin)


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m. Woburn, Apr. 15. 1828. Rhoda Thompson, dau. of Stephen (of Reading) and Abigail (Tidd) Nichols, b. Woburn, May 4, 1810, d. July 3, 1863.  Children.

            (1) Amanda Francis, b. Oct. 17, 1829.

            (2) Abby Francis, b. Apr. 6, 1837, m. June 11, 1857 Harrison Buckman of Marion, Ia. 1 ch. Nettie, May, b. June, 11, 1858.

211.     vi.        Rufus, b. March 10, 1805, m. Susan Gleason.

212.     vii.       Harriet Clarissa (twin) b. March 23, 1807, m. Oct. 4, 1827, James Howard of North Woburn, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Howard, b. July 9, 1800.  Their children were:-

            (1) Eveline Howard b. June 24, 1828; (2) Harriet b. Feb. 5, 1830, d. March 11, 1875; (3) Eliza, b. Dec. 24, 1862, d. Oct. 20, 1870; (4) James A. b. Dec. 31, 1835; (5) Malvina, b. Nov. 13, 1837, d. June 17, 1866; (6) Warren, b. July 11, 1840; (7) Elizabeth b. Jan. 13, 1872.

213.     viii.      Clarissa Harriet (twin with above) b. March 23, 1807; m. April. 17, 1831, Edwin Fuller, of N. Woburn son of Benj. and Susan (Jackson) Fuller, b. Mar. 16, 1808 d. April 25, 1863; their children:

            (1) Clara Malvina Fuller b. May 8, 1832, d. Nov. 28, 1834.

            (2) George Henry, b. Jan. 20, 1834; (3) Chas. Edwin b. May 1, 1836; (4) Anne Elizabeth, b. July 31, 1838, d. Aug. 3 1838. (5) William Marion, b. Oct. 15, 1839. d/ Feb. 24, 1842; (6) Abbe Celestine, b. Jan. 18, 1842; (7) Adelburt Wilson, b. Feb. 8, 1844, d. Dec. 21, 1847; (8) Willis Marion, b. Aug. 29, 1846, d. Sept. 10, 1848;


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(9)   Willis Adelbert, b. Aug. 15, 1849, d. July 5, 1852.

214.     ix.        Warren, b. Oct. 10, 1809, unm. Residence N. Woburn.

215.     x.         Loring, b. Jan. 29, 1811, unm. Res. South Framingham.

216.     xi.        William Henry (twin) b. Jan. 2, 1813, unm. res. Woburn.

217.     xii.       Henry William (twin) b. Jan. 2, 1813,              

142.     Ward Poole6, son of William5 and Elizabeth Ward (Zachariah4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1) b. South parish of Danvers, now Peabody, Apr. 17, 1763, d. Nov. 14, 1828, m. 1st, Feb. 19, 1792, Sarah, dau. of Rev. Joseph and Sarah Perry of East Winsor, Conn. b. Mar. 2, 1771, d. Jan. 25, by whom he had two children – and 2d March 30, 1797, Rebecca, dau. of Joseph Seccomb of Salem, by whom he had four.  He succeeded on the death of his father to a considerable estate in land and other property dividing with his younger brother Fitch, the business of dealer in wool and manufacturer of morocco and leather.  He was a citizen of public spirit and integrity, of careful and industrious habits, and though greatly respected by his townsmen, never accepted and prominent office in their gift.  He was only thirteen at his father’s death and his elder brother William dying before he became of age, left the care of the family and business to him as eldest surviving son.  He was a successful manufacturer, and devoted also a portion of his time to agriculture.


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The inventory of his estate taken shortly after his death, which took place on Nov. 14, 1828. Shows that it had been well managed throughout his life, and comprised homes and land in Danvers, Salem, Rowley and Bradford mills and water privileges, storehouse, tanyards and mowing and tillage land at the homestead, all valued a very low rate, but amounting to $30,488.46, including personal property.  His will dated, Aug. 13, 1828 appoints Abner Sanger executor, and gives his wife Rebecca his dwelling house and furniture and the home-lot of about two acres, with the interest of the principal sum of five thousand Dollars for life, in lieu of bar of dower.  The residue of his property and the principal sum above stated after his wife’s death to go to his grandchildren, Josua Hall, William Frederick, and Henry Ward, children of his son Ward, jr. and Eliza his wife, and any other children they may have, to be divided between them as tenants in common.  The said estate was made chargable with an annual sum to be paid his son Ward Poole, jr., during his life, and that of his wife or the survivor of them.  The will is witnesses by Gen. Wm. Sutton, Dea. Fitch Poole and Fitch Poole, jr., and on being presented for probate, but the executor, was certified by the heirs, Rebecca Poole and Ward Poole, jr, and their consent recorded to the probate and allowance of the will as filed.  Subsequently however, through the counsel of the heirs, Hon. Joshua H. Ward of Salem, the Mass. legislature so far changed the privisions as to permit the use of the property for the benefit and


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education of the grandchildren during the life of their parents.  His first wife Sarah Perry, daughter of Rev. Joseph Perry was a lady of great intelligence and personal attractions, and her sister was the first wife of Peter S. Du Ponceau, of Philadelphia, president of the American Philosophical society, whose correspondence with the family continued a numbers of years after her decease.

            The children of Ward Poole and Sarah Perry were two

218.     i.          William, b. Jan. 1, 1794, m. Sarah Smith.

219.     ii.         Joseph Perry, b. Nov. 8, 1795, d. Feb. 14, 1796.

            And of Ward and Rebecca Seecomb, four.

220.     iii.        Joseph, b. Dec. 30, 1797. d/ <au 11. 1798.

221.     iv.        Ward, jr. b. Jan 30, 1799, d. May 22, 1864, m. Eliza Wilder.

222.     v.         Rebecca, b. Oct. 4, 1800, d. Oct. 15, 1801.

223.     vi.        Sally, b. April 18, 1802, d. Feb. 27, 1809.

146.     Fitch Poole6 sen., son of William5 and Elizabeth (Zach.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 and John1) b. South Parish of Danvers now Peabody, at the old homestead of 1757, near “Stone bridge over Strong-water brook” on Feb. 13, 1772, and d. Jan. 23, 1838.  He was for nearly 40 years a deacon of the old South Chruch, formerly “Middle Precinct” Church of Salem.  He m. June 13, 1802, Elizabeth, youngest dau. of Hon. And Rev. Manassah Cutler, of Hamilton, D. D., L. L. D. (Yale 1765) and his wife Mary (Balch) of Dedham, dau. of Rev. Thos. Balch of that place and granddaughter of     Sumner. Dea. Poole followed the occupation of his father and brother Ward, to whom, with himself,


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the paternal estate descended, and was for many years a tanner and considerable dealer in wool, the front of his place of business being ornamented with “the sign of the Lamb”, an artistic carved snow white figure of which served as a landmark for many years, and which was also, of the character and life of its proprietor.  He was distinguished for modesty, piety and benevolence, and possessed all the traits of character which could endear him to his friends and the community at large. He was zealous in every good work, and particularly active in the temperance movement, and in connection with his brother-in-law, Dr. Joseph Terrey, originated what is claimed to have been the first temperance society formed in America, and perhaps in the world, in the year 1812.  It was called the Moral Society, and was organized with Judge Sam’l. Holten as President, Dr. Torrey, Secretary and Fitch Poole, Treasurer.  They declared in that early day when social drinking was an almost universal practice, that “the use if intoxicating liquors as a beverage was an evil, and only evil continually.”

            He was also a liberal contributor to local charities, and aided with his power and influence every moral and religious enterprise.  Though declining political office, to which he had a repugnance, to the parties, he was commissioned and held position for many years as Justice of the Peace, and was in early manhood an officer of militia, having been appointed Ensign by Gov. Sumner


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during the exciting period of ’97-99 when a war with France was imminent, and afterwards promoted to be Captain.  He prized above all others the office of Deacon of the Church, which he held forty years, and was esteemed one of the chief pillars of the ancient Orthodox faith.

            His wife, the daughter of Dr. Cutler was b. July 6, 1779, and d. April 22,, 1854. She was noted for personal beauty, and a great amiability of character, and for the constant practice of hospitality, benevolence, and all the kindly graces of social life.  Their house was the frequent resort of the clergy of that day, who were then, whatever they may be alleged to have been since, the most cultured, learned and accomplished individuals to be found in the ranks of the educated classes of the period.  The children of this family, eleven in number, all born in South Danvers, now Peabody, were:-

224.     i.          Fitch, jr. b. June 13, 1803, d. Aug. 19, 1873, m. Mary Anne Poor.

225.     ii.         Eliza Cutler, b. Jan. 22, 1805, m. Wm. D. Wheeler of Worchester, Mass., July 11, 1833, a lawyer by profession and Clerk of the Probate Court of that County at the time of his death which occurred on June 23, 1834, less than one year after their marriage.  She inherited a decided literary and artistic taste, cultivated by the education in the best schools New England afforded in the early part of the Century, being a graduate of Hartford Seminary, then under the charge of Miss. Catharine and Miss. Harriet Beecher (Stowe) and was afterward a


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teacher in the female seminary of Georgetown, D. C, She was fond of the study of literature, and though not in the ordinary sense an authoress, yet she contributed a number of articles on social and religious subjects to the periodical press, and edited the Lady’s Almanac, a favorite annual publication, for several years.  Her only child by Mr. Wheeler was

            Sophia Williamina, b. Apr. 22, 1834, unmarried, and accomplished scholar and proficient in music.

226.     iii.        Leonard, b. Jan. 12, 1807, d. Oct. 6, 1859 m. Mary M. Wilder.

227.     iv         Maria, b. Oct. 30, 1808, d. June 10, 1810.

228.     v.         Sarah Perry, b. Dec. 26, 1810, d. Jan. 23, 1856;? m. Dec. 26, 1843, Hon. Caleb L. Frost of Danvers son of John and Lucy (Lowe) Frost, b. Mar. 15, 1792, d. 1852.  She was his third wife, he having m. 1st Nov. 11, 1819. Sally Daniels, b. Aug. 16, 1800, d. Sept. 28, 1833, by whom he had (1) Sarah Elizabeth, b. Nov. 19, 1821, d. Nov. 19, 1822 (?) Lucy Frye b. June 16, 1825, m. James M Caller [not clear whether this should be M. Caller or McCaller] (3) John, b. Sept. 2, 1833.  He m. 2d May 9, 1838, Mrs. Elizabeth, dau. of Enoch  & Sarah Shillaber Poor, neice of Rev. Dr. Dan’l Poor missionary and widow of Nathan Lakeman, b. Oct. 26, 1810, d. May 1, 1839.  Mr. Frost was a successful business man, a representative and senator in the state legislature, and highly esteemed in all the relations of life.

229.     vi.        Edward, b. May 15, 1812, d. Keene, N. H.,


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May 7, 1847, m. Elvira Wilder.

230.     vii.       Horace, b. Sept. 18, 1815, d. Feb. 13, 1834, from debility, terminating in consumption, induced by an injury to one of his limbs, by which he became a cripple.  He was a young man of great promise and for a year or two had an important trust in one of the banks of his native town.

231.     viii.      Rebecca, b. Aug. 23, 1819, m. Aug. 19, 1847, Leonard, son of Leonard and Sarah Pratt, of Pembroke, N. H., b. April 12, 1819.  His business is that of a baker, and for many years was a popular caterer for large public assemblies in the cities and towns in the vicinity of his residence.  Their children:-

(1) Helen Noyes Pratt, b. Feb. 17, 1850, m. Oct. 12, 1868, Wm. S Bulkey of Peabody, and had (1) Annie Francis, b. May 11, 1874; (2) Macy Eliza, b. Dec. 29, 1876.

(2) Carrie Lizzie, b. Jan. 4, 1851, d. Aug. 16, 1854.

(3) Annie, b. Nov. 14, 1859, d. Jan. 22, 1864.

232.     ix.        Samuel Augustus, b. Dec. 12, 1820, d. Dec. 8, 1862, unmarried.  Was an early emigrant to California, on Argonaut of ’49, and returned in 1859, broken in health from which he never recovered.

233.     x.         Maria, b. Jan. 17, 1823, d. unm. Sept. 29, 1869.

234,     xi.        Charles Henry, b. Feb. 5, 1825, m. Mary A.


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Daniels; d. Jan. 25, 1880.

151.     Luke Poole7, son of Jonathan6, and Anne Bancroft (Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1), born Nov. 4, 1777, at Reading; was killed in battle at the siege of York in Canada, during the last war with England, April 27, 1813.  He was by occupation a carpenter and builder and m. Dec. 14, 1800, Susanna Hill, dau. of Joseph and Mary Bates, of Cambridge, b. Feb. 25, 1778, d. March 4, 1808; their children were:-

235.     i.          Leonard8, b. Reading, Oct. 22, 1801, d. Worchester, Mass., May 13, 1862, m. Lydia Earle.

236.     ii.         Susan, b. Reading, Nov. 16, 1803, d. 1821, age 18.

237.     iii.        Charles, b. Cambridge, Aug. 1, 1806, d. Charlestown, May 6, 1863, m. Charlotte Green.

238.     iv.        Nancy, b. Cambridge, Feb. 3, 1808, d. Feb. 13, 1808.

            152.     Charles Poole, son of Jonathan6, brother of Luke, above named, b. Reading, Feb. 12, 1780. D. Salisbury, N. H. about 1850.  He m. Betsey Smith. (Dr. Alex Poole states him to have a quantity of old family paper, etc.).

153.     Haven Poole7, son of Jona6 (Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1), b. Reading, July 28, 1782, d. Salem, Mass., June 28, 1811.  He m. Oct. 15, 1804, Mary, dau. of Capt. George Chapman if Salem, b. Aug. 8, 1783, d. Aug. 17, 1868, age 85 yrs.  He was named for the Rev. Thos. Haven, pastor of the first church of Reading, of which his parents were members, who d. May 7, 1782, a


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few weeks before his birth.  In 1798-9 he was apprenticed to Wm. Carleton and Thos. Cushing, booksellers and publishers of the Salem Gazette, and in 1800, Carleton having established a new paper, called the Salem Impartial Register, [] he became connected with that journal and finally it proprietor after Carleton’s death, which took place in May 1805.  He continued to publish it in Company with Warwick Palfray, an associate in the office (who m. Hannah Chapman, sister of Poole’s wife) till his untimely death, aged 29, in 1811.  This paper which still flourishes [ceased publication 1911], had from its first establishment the powerful aid and support of the Rev. Wm. Bentley, a clergyman of extensive and varied attainments, and Hon. Joseph Story, afterward Chief Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court, whose able contributions to its columns, placed it in the front rank of the influential political journals of the day.  Its politics were Republican, or anti federal, and Thomas Jefferson was its idol. Judge Story, then a rising lawyer, wrote for his young friend the celebrated motto which still stands at the heat of the Register,  “Here shall the Press the people’s rights maintain, unawed by influence, and unbribed by gain; Here patriot truth, her glorious precepts draw, pledged to Religion, Liberty and Law.”  Many other newspapers have adopted these lines without being aware of the distinguished authorship of this matchless quatrain.  Mr. Haven Pool was also the publisher of a literary paper called the “Weekly Visitant”, during the year 1806, and of another weekly called The Friend, in 1807.


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After the death of Mr. Poole the paper was conducted by Mr. Palfray, who in 1835 admitted Mr. John Chapman a relative of the wife of Poole, to partnership with him, and died three years afterwards. The son of Mr. Palfray succeeded his gather as editor (Charles Warwick Palfray Havard, 1835) under whose able management the paper is still conducted.  The children of Haven Pool and Mary Chapman were:-

            239.     i.          Mary Anne8, b. May 1, 1803, d. Oct. 20 1806.

            240.     ii.         Martha Tucker8 b. Dec. 1807, d. 1836 m. Mar. 4, 1831, Nathan, son of Benj. and Rachel Smith, b. Marblehead, 1800, d. April 1864.  He changed his name by legan enactment, in April 1831, to Nathan Poole, and had one daughter, Martha Matilda Poole9, b. Feb. 8, 1835, d. June 3, 1857.

            241.     iii.        Matilda, b. 1809, d. May 1841, m. Oct. 23, 1837, Nathan Poole her deceased sister’s husband, who afterwards m. her first cousin Maria M. daughter of Lot Poole of Charlestown.


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154.     Lot Poole7, son of Jona6 (Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Reading, May 13, 1784, d. Lynn, Mar. 28, 1856.  Removed to Charlestown where he m. 1st, Nov. 28, 1805, Lydia, dau. of Benjamin and Susanna Parker, of Reading, b. July 23, 1785, d. Dec. 16, 1847.  He m. 2d 1848, Fanny, dau. of Daniel and Sarah K. Briggs and widow of      Oliver, b. Mansfield, Mass., Mar. 1, 1794, d. Lynn, Sept. 18, 1873.  He was by occupation a carpenter, contractor and builder, and was a representative from Charlestown of the State Legislature.  His children, all by Lydia, were:-

242.     i.          Alexis8, b. Reading, Aug. 6, 1806, d. Mar. 1865 – m. Mindwell W. Harrington.

243.     ii.         Ethelinda8 b. Reading, Sept. 5, 1808, d. Boston, Jan. 10, 1842 – m. Apr. 7, 1830, John son of John and Lydia Earle, b. Worcester, Jan. 31, 1806, head of the noted frim of John Earle, Jr. and Co. Merchant Tailors of Boston.  Children – (1) Frederick Earle, b. Dec. 10, 1830 d. Oct. 1840 (2) Walter, b. Jan. 14, 1835.

244.     iii.        Maria Mahala8, b. Reading, Apr. 6, 1810, m. May 12, 1843, Nathan Poole, of Salem (formerly Smith who had previously m. successively the 2 daughters of Haven Pool of Salem.  The children of Nathan and Maria M. Poole were (1) Lydia Parker9, b. Salem, Sept. 18, 1845; and m. 1st Apr. 1, 1861 Oliver Ober of Salem b. Apr. 23, 1842 who d. while in the army during the rebellion at Mound City, Ill., Aug. 13,


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            1863; 2d – Apr. 12, 1876, Owen B, Stone, b. Sweden, Me., Mar. 10, 1835. The only child of Lydia P. and Oliver Ober, was Martha West Poole10 b. Apr. 1, 1861.

245.     iv.        Geraldine8, b. Dec. 3, 1812, d. Aug. 2, 1842 – m. Mar. 8, 1837, John Goss of Boston. Children:

            (1) Maria, b.   1838; m. Geo. Kellogg.

            (2) Martha, b. 1840?

246.     v.         Lot Haven8, b. Reading, Dec. 11, 1813, m. removed to Chicago thence to Bloomington, Ill. where he resides.

247.     vi.        Henry Strong8, b. Oct. 13, 1815, (another says Oct. 15, 1816) d. Boston, Aug. 29, 1843; M. Lydia Judkins.

248.     vii.       Matilda Anne8, b. April 12, 1818, Charlestown, m. at Newton, Mass. Dr. Henry Bigelow, son of Lewis and Sophia Bigelow, b. May 20, 1817, d. Jan. 21, 1866.  He was a physician, and their children were:

            (1) Ethie Maria Bigelow, b. Feb. 4, 1844.

            (2) Ella, b. Mar. 8, 1851, d. April 29, 1851.

            (3) Lewis, b. July 8, 1853.

            (4) Helen Tyler, b. Aug. 18, 1858.

249.     viii.      George Wakefield8, b. Charlestown, May 15, 1820; d. Somerville, Mass., 1860, a shipmaster, m. Charlestown, March 29, 1842, Maria Louisa, dau. of Reuben K. and Mary G. Blanchard,


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            b. Jan. 18, 1821, Capt. Poole’s widow res. In California; Their children:- Sarah, b. Feb. 12, 1846, m. Wm. Pousland of Cambridge (2) Angeline, b. 1848, m. Frederick Powers.

250.     ix         Angelinea8, b. Dec. 12, 1821, d. Aug. 2, 1829.

251.     x.         Harriet8, b. Apr. 22, 1824, d. Nov. 6, 1831.

252.     xi.        Samuel8, b. Feb. 23, 1826, m. 1st, Dec. 6, 1848 Maria Gilmore and 2d Abby Gleason.

253.     xii.       Charles8, b. Aug. 9, 1827, d. Sept. 2, 1848/

            159.     Seth Pool7 son of Judge Sam’l. Sheldon6, of Nova Scotia (Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Apr. 9, 1799, d. June 20, 1813.  Was a master mariner, and as a British subject command a private armed vessel on a letter of marque in the war of 1812.  He took as prize a small schooner under American colors, went aboard as a prize-master, to take her into Yarmoth, and placed he crew in irons.  The captain whose name was Snow, was a cripple with a wooden leg, for which reason and because he made himself know as a free mason, to which brotherhood Capt. Poole belonged, he was released from his irons and given the liberty of the ship.  Expressing a wish to go down into the hold for some article, and it being difficult to get up and down on account of his leg, Cpat. Poole kindly offered to go in his stead, and in coming up the hatchway was struck a deadly blow on the head by Snow


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with a handspike, and falling backward, his neck striking across a shifting plank in the hold, was instantly killed.  No one being on deck by Snow, he put on the hatch and liberating his men bore away for Eastport, securing his vessel and prisoner and making good his escape.

Capt. Seth Poole m. Yarmouth Nov. 24, 1807, Mary, dau. of Peter and Hannah Cashenburg, b. Jan. 4, 1785, d. Portland, Me. Aug. 7, 1863; their children were:-

254.     i.          Albert Harris8, b. Yarmouth, Mar. 19, 1808; d. Saxonville, Mass. Oct. 30, 1853; m. Elizabeth Hobson.

255.     ii.         Susan Harris8, b.  Yarmouth, Jan. 26, 1810, d. Aug. 27, 1871; m. Mar. 17, 1831, Benj. Thompson of St. Johns, N. B,; resides at Saxonville, Mass. Their children:-

            (1) Charles Albert Thompson9, b. St. Johns, Dec. 19, 1831; removed 1851 & resides in California.

            (2) James Poole9, b. Charlestown, Mass., May 1, 1834; removed to California and is by occupation a Piano-fort maker and tuner.

            (3) William Augustus9, b. at Framingham, June 16, 1836, a druggist, at Saxonville, Mass.

            (4) Benj. LeRoy9, b. Framingham, May 23, 1839, a jeweler.

256.     iii.        Seth Barnes8, b. Yarmouth, N. S., Aug. 28, 1811, m. Lydia Darling.

257.     iv.        Peter Cashenburg8, b. Yarmouth, June 22, 1813 d. Liverpool, Eng., Oct. 22, 1848, m. Anne Bell


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160.     John Poole7, Son of Judge Sam’l S.6 (Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Yarmouth, Sept. 10, 1781 d. at sea winter of 1816, a Master-Mariner. m. Elizabeth Lewis of Yarmouth, dau. of Benj.   Their children were:-

258.     i.          Sam’l. Sheldon, b. 18__   d. at sea in 1852.  He m. Mahulda Cook; no children.

259.     ii.         John, b. 1804(?) m. Harriet Dane.

260.     iii.        William, b. 1806(?), d. at Yarmouth Sept. 16, 1870, m. Ruth Gardner.

261.     iv.        Caroline, b. 1808(?).

262.     v.         Mary Anne, b. 1810(?) m. abt. 1833, Wm. Berry, b. June 11, 1803, and had: (1) Adolphus Perry, b. 1835; (2) Maria, b. Apr. 21, 1837; (3) Emma, b. July 1, 1839; (4) William , b. May 9, 1841; (5) Robert b. Oct. 14, 1843; (6) Charles b. 1945; (7) Eliza, b. June 3, 1848.

263.     vi.        Maria, b. 1808; unm.

264.     vii.       Eliza, b. Sept. 12, 1810, unm.

168.     Larkin Ward Poole7 son of Isaac6 and Eliza Black (Jona.5, Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Nov. 17, 1807, in Lynn; d. in Australia, Apr. 25, 1859, where he went for the benefit of his health in 1859.  He m. Adeline Kidder of Boston, by whom he had, -

265.     i.          Larkin Ward, jr. b. Oct. 1, 1849; removed to Philadelphia; unmarried.

266.     ii.         Thomas Derby Pousland, b. Aug. 4, 1851; resides at Salem, Mass.

267.     iii.        Alonzo Wesley, b. July 12, 1858; d.


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267.     iii.        Alonzo Wesley, b. July 12, 1858; d. Australia 1850(?) whither he went with his father.

169 c.  Samuel Hale Poole7, son of Dr. Jona. 6 (Eleazer F.5, Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Hollis, N. H., Nov. 23, 1784, d. Bristol, Me. Apr. 22, 1869. He was a Master-Mariner, but left the sea and settled as a farmer at Bristol.  He m. 1st, Dec. 25, 1808 Sally, dau.  of Geo. W. and Nancy Yates, b. Feb. 26, 1784; d. Bristol June 30, 1838 – and 2d, Dec. 24, 1840, Betsey (or Elizabeth) Yates, sister to Sally, his first wife.  She was b. Nov. 29, 1791, and was living in 1876 at Bristol.

Their children

277.     i.          Samuel Hale8, b. May 27, 1810; m. Syrena Yates.

278.     ii.         Eliza8, b. Feb. 27, 1812, d. May 9, 1873, m. July 14, 1836, Leonard, son of Wm. And Sarah (Hunter) Chamberlain, b. Fev. 19, 1800. Residence, Bristol, Me. a carpenter and builder.  Their children – (1) Joseph Austin Chamberlain, b. Dec. 6, 1838; (2) Charles Edward, b. Aug. 23, 1845.

279.     iii.        George James8, b. May 4, 1814, d. at sea 1832

280.     iv.        Theodore8, b. May 4, 1816, m. Maria Poland.

281.     v.         John8, b. Aug. 8, 1818, m. Caroline Hatch and 2nd Harriet Kelsey.

282.     vi.        Nancy Jane8, b. July 5, 1820, m. June 23, 1845, Jos. W. son of Abel and Wealthy (Gatchel) Kimball, b. Durham, Me. Apr. 18, 1818. Resides at South Boston and is a painter.  Their painter [children] were (1) Charles Henry Kimball, b. Gardner, Me., May 19, 1846 d. June 5, 1873;


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(2)   Fred’k. Francisco, b. Bath, Han. 17, 1848; (3) James Wakefield, b. Bath Jan. 15, 1850.

283.     vii.       Solomon D8, b. Oct. 6, 1823, d. unm. Aug. 19, 1849.

284.     viii.      Sally8, b. Sept. 30, 1825, d. unm. May 31, 1844.

            169 d. Jonathan Poole7 (Gen.) son of Dr. Jona6 (Eleazer F.5, Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Hollis, N. H. June 3, 1787, d. Northumberland, N. H. Oct. 27, 1872.  Was by occupation a blacksmith and farmer, and served as Maj. General in the New Hampshire forces raised for the War with England in 1812.  He m. in 1810, Rebecca, dau. of Isaac and Olive (Kimball) Gauge b. at Pelham, N. H. May 24, 1788, d. Northumberland, N. H. Mar. 9, 1872.  Their children were:

285.     i.          William Hale8, b. July 20, 1811 – m. Mahala Chamberlain and 2nd Charolette, Church.

286.     ii.         Jonathan8, b. Oct. 27, 1812, m. Abby Ames.

287.     iii.        Rebecca, b. July 17, 1814, m. Sept. 27, 1832 James Glines, son of James & Olive G., b. Meredith N. H. June 25, 1814, d. Haverhill, N. H. July 22, 1870.  Was a Yeoman – Their children:  (1) William P. Glines, b. July 13, 1833 (2) Henry J. b. Sept. 8, 1844.

288.     iv.        Mary [Mary hand written in over Samuel Hale], b. March 5, 1818, d. Jan. 10 1846, m. March 8, 1842, Thomas Hunter, son of William and Sarah (Hunter) Chamberlain, b. Bristol, Me. March 11, 1805. Is a merchant and ship-builder at Portland, Me. One child.  (1) Prescott Chamberlain, b. Dec. 11, 1845.


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290.     vi.        Caleb Hunt8, b. Feb. 24, 1820, m. Philena Kimball.

291.     vii.       James8, b. Aug. 21, 1821, unm. Resides at Northumberland, Me.

292.     viii.      George            8, b. Mar. 6, 1823, m. Lucinda Dennis and Cynthia Cleasby.

293.     ix         Hiram H.8 b. Jan. 29, 1826; d. Mar. 21, 1866; m. Sarah Emerson & May J. Tyler.

294.     x.         Martha Gage8 b. Haverhill, Aug. 19, 1827, m. Dec. 3, 1846, Thos. Hunter Chamberlain, whose first wife was Mary Hale, her sister.  By the latter marriage 1 child.

(1) William Chamberlain9 b. July 8, 1849, m. Sept. 11, 1873 Elizabeth Hale Coffin, b. Saco, Me. March 19, 1853 and had one ch.10 b. Aug. 31, 1875.

295.     xi.        Eliza Rix8 b. Sept. 5, 1829, Haverhill, N.H. m. Bristol, Me. Oct. 15, 1853, Augustus H. son of Benj. F. and Abigail (Simmons) Ford, b. Marshfield, Mass. Nov. 4, 1826.  Resides at Portland, and insurance agent by occupation. Their children (1) Walter Ford, b. May 24, 1854; (2) Benjamin, b. Jan. 1, 1860, d. June 21, 1864; (3) Henry, b. Aug. 5, 1862.

296.     xii.       Susan Woodward, b. May 19, 1833, m. Sept. 17, 1868, John M., son of John S. and Nancy (Schoff) Cummins, b. Maidstone, Vt., May 21, 1824, his second marriage.  A yeoman by


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occupation and resides at Northumberland; one ch. Mary S, Cummins, b. Nov. 12, 1872, d. April 9, 1873.

169.     g.         Eleazer Flag Poole7, son of Eleazer F.6 (El F.5, Jona.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 John1), b. Woburn, Mass., Feb. 25, 1779, d. Dec 30, 1856; m. Oct. 26, 1806, Abigale E. dau. of Benjamin and Susan Edgell and widow of Joseph Thayer of Salem, b. May 2, 1777, d. May 18, 1853.

297.     i.          Eleazer Flag Poole8, resides at Woburn, Where he m. 1st April 6, 1837, Almira C. Creech, b. Freeport, Me. March 8, 1813, d. Woburn, Oct. 18, 1862.  M. 2d., Dec. 23, 1863, Mrs. Mary Wingate Clough, dau. of Benj and Charoltte (Long) Sawyer, and widow of Alfred B. Clough, b. Amesbury, Mass. Dec. 29, 1820  He had by Almira two children.

298.     i.          Eleazer Flagg9, b. May 20, 1838, d. unm. Oct. 6, 1862.

299.     ii.         Caroline Augusta, b. Dec. 5, 1843, m. Dec. 2, 1869 Charles Henry, son of Joseph and Susan W. Johnson b. Sept. 9, 1843; a currier by occupation.  Two children (1) Frank Poole Johnson, b. Nov. 30, 1870.  (2) Anna Hayward, b. June 30, 1873.

169.     i.          William Poole7, son of Eleazer6 F. (El F.5, Jona.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 John1), b. Hollis, N. H. abt. 1782, d. Londenderry, N. H. 1821; Married at South Danvers, now Peabody, Mass., Sept. 22, 1807, Anne, dau. of Lieut. Charles and Anne Richardson, b. Stoneham, Mass., Mar. 24, 1781, d. Woburn, Mass., May 1, 1818.  One child.


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300.     (1) Sally Richardson, b. Sept. 3, 1810, m. Dec. 16, 1851, becoming his second wife, Timothy son of Isaac and Sarah (Marshall) Osgood, b. Newburyport, March 12, 1811, d. Lafayette, Ind., Aug. 16, 1856.  His widow resides at Peabody.

169.     j           Rufus Poole7, son of Eleazer F.6 (El. F.5, Jona.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 John1), b. Woburn, Mass. 1785, d. Westford, Mass. July 21, 1825.  By occupation a baker.  He m. Jan. 1, 1812, Martha, dau. of John and Pheobe Raymond, b. Westford, Dec. 6, 1793, d. Dedhan, Mass. Feb. 26, 1870.  They had two children:

301.     ii.         Emeline, v. Westford, Jan. 28, 1817, m. Sept. 17, 1837, John H., son of John and Sally (Grey) White of Boston, b. Feb. 7, 1813, d. Mar. 26, 1869.  The widow resides in Dedham.  Children (1) Sarah E. White, b. Apr. 22, 1839 (2) Wm. H., b. April 30, 1843; (3) Geogianna, b. July 2, 1846, d. July 23, 1857; (4) Charles L. b. Nov. 4, 1855; (5) Charlotte Poole, b. Feb. 2, 1861.

171.     James Poole7, son of James6 (John5, Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. N. Saugus, March 16, 1809. Removed to Salem Depot, N. H., 7 mi. from Lawrence, Mass.  Trader. He m. 1st, Sept. 29, 1830, Mary, dau. of Elijah and Clarissa Downing. (His father m. Mary’s mother, Clarissa as his 2d wife, in 1845, after she became a widow).  She, Mary, was b. Aug. 24, 1806, and d. Feb. 26, 1832, and he m. 2d, June 2, 1833, Eliza A., dau. of Laomi B. and Mary (Harris) Hold, b. Andover, Jan. 20, 1813, d.


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Dec. 3, 1869.  His children, the first by Mary:

304.     i.          Clarissa, b. Oct. 30, 1831, d. Jan. 17, 1832.

305.     ii.         James, b. Oct. 27, 1834, d. Aug. 5, 1836.

306.     iii.        William Decatur, b. July 14, 1836, m. Alby F. Baddin.

307.     iv.        James Symonds, b. Jan. 12, 1838, M. Susan Cladwell.

308.     v.         Mary Eliza, b. Mar. 21, 1840, m. May 10. 1860, Richard Herbert, son of John and Lydia Mansfield of Lynn, b. Lynn, Feb. 10, 1830.  Is a builder and mason.  Their children.  (1) Annie Frances, b. May 15, 1861; (2) Hattie Poole, b. Oct. 11, 1866; (3) Richard Herbert, b. Feb. 1, 1870.

309.     vi.        Dorcas Mansfield, b. Sept. 22, 1841, d. Jan. 17, 1875; m. Jan. 1, 1866, Gustavis A., son of Daniel and Cynthia Fairchild, b. Peacham, Vt.  By occupation gardner and florist; Lynn, Mass. children:-- (1) Eliza Abbot, b. Apr. 1, 1867; (2) George Albert, b. Jan. 13, 1868; (3) James Poole, b. Dec. 8, 1869; (4) Nellie Frances, b. May 20, 1870; (5) Frederick, b. Aug. 28, 1871 (6) Dorcas Mansfield, b. Oct. 8, 1874.

310.     vii.       Herbert Carleton, b. Jan 1, 1844.

311.     viii.      Harriet Husted, b. Sept. 22, 1845, m. May 13, 1868, Thomas F., son of Thomas F. & Sarah Pedrick, of Marblehead, b. 1846, shoe manuf. Lynn, Mass. Probably grandson of Major John


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            Pedrick of Marblehead, the active patriot who gave the alarm, Feb. 26, 1775, to the people of Salem by riding there on the occasion of the invasion of Col. Leslie’s command 64th Regt. To capture the cannon concealed at Salem.

312.     ix.        Lavinia, E. b. Mar. 4, 1847, d. May 25, 1858.

313.     x.         Sarah E. b. Oct 15, 1849.

314.     xi.        Rebecca F. b. Mar. 28, 1852.

315.     xii.       Augusta A., b. Sept. 16, 1854, d. Sept. 28, 1854.

            172.     George Franklin Poole7, (Rev.) son of James6 and Dorcas Mansfield, (John5, Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Feb. 8, 1811, residence Lynn, Clergyman, m. 1st June 16, 1834, Sarah H., dau. of Ezekiel and Rebecca Moulton, b.    d. Nov. 17, 1854, m. 2d Sept. 20, 1857, Margaret Ann, dau. of Samuel and Miriam Emerson, b. Danville, Vt. Sept. 20, 1821.  Children, the first two by Sarah were:-

316.     i.          George Henry, b. Oct. 1, 1835, d. Nov. 17, 1857, unm.

317.     ii.         James Franklin, b. May 1842.  Unm.

318.     iii.        Clara Isabella Emerson, b. Oct. 21, 1858.

319.     iv.        George Frederick, b. May 6, 1863.

320.     v.         Edward Emerson, b. Junt 4, 1865.

            174.     Stephen Decatur Poole7, son of James6, (John5, Timothy4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Lynnfield, Mass., Nov. 26, 1816, d. Sept. 22, 1870.  Was an engraver and m. Apr. 28, 1839, Susan


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            L., dau. of Theophilus and Mary Clark, b. July 24, 1816 – and had –

321.     i.          Susan E., b. July 17, 1840.

322.     ii.         Thomas E. b. July 4, 1841.

323.     iii.        George C. b. Mar. 21, 1843, m. Harriet Sherman.

324.     iv.        Clarissa Downing, b. July 23, 1845.

325.     v.         Mary B., b. Oct. 22, 1847, d. Apr. 20, 1860.

326.     vi.        Ellen P b. Apr. 7, 1850, m. Oct. 31, 1872, Charles H. son of Alfred and Sarah Chase of Lynn, a book-keeper.

   177.  William Poole7, son of Wm. Welstead6, (William5, Benj.4, Jona.3, Jona.2 John1) b. Windsor, Bt., 1781, d. soon after marriage, before the birth of his only child, m. 1805.  Prudentia Morse.  His only child was,

327.     (1) Williamine, b. Feb. 1806, m. July 6, 1830, Rev George Punchard, of Plymouth, N. H. He was son of Dea. John and Kezia (Maswry), Punchard of Salem, Mass. and was b. June 7, 1806, graduated Darmouth Coll. 1826.  Andover Theological Seminary, 1829.  Removed to Boston and became editor of Boston Daily Traveller, 1845, and continued until 1856.  His wife was adopted into the family of her uncle, General James Poole of Hanover, N. H., with whom she lived till her marriage.  There was no issue of this marriage.


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178.     James Poole7 (Gen.) son of Wm. Welstead6 (Wm.5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Windsor Vt. Aug. 14, 1785, d. Plymouth, N. H., July 18, 1828. Was a merchant of Hanover, N. H., a distinguished citizen, leading politician, representative and senator in N. H. Legislature.  Served as Major General in state militia, and was enrolled in service in the last War with England.  In his Youth, while at the Dartmouth Coll., as contemporary with Dan’l. Webster, he was involved in the difficulties with the Faculty, which brought the former for the first time prominently into notice.

He m. about 1810, Lucy, dau. of _____Weld, Esq., of Hanover, N. H., who d. Plymouth, N. H., July 1, 1835.  There was no issue by the Marriage, but the niece (Williamine) of the general was adopted as his daughter, as above stated.

181.     James Poole7, son of James6 (William.5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Portland, Me. about 1789, d. Portland, Me. abt. 1870.  He m. 1805, Patience, dau. of      Hamerwell, b. Windham, Me. d. Portland, Oct. 30, 1837. Merchant.  His children were:-

328.     i.          Caroline Swett, b.     d. young.

329.     ii.         Mary,    b. d. young.


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330.     iii.        Albert Wellstead, b. 1812, d. Portland 1865 m. Maria Dunn.

331.     iv.        Caroline Swett, b. Feb. 15, 1815, m. Clinton, La. Robert Germany, Esq., merchant and planter b. Jan. 4, 1799, d. Centerville, Miss. June 12, 1869.  Their children:

                        (1) Elizabeth M. Germany, b. Clinton, Oct. 30, 1841, m. Jan. 29, 1861. Norwood, Esq.

                        (2) Mary Caroline, b. Centerville, 1845, m. Apr. 18, 1872.

                        (3) James Noel, b. Centerville, June 1, 1848.

                        (4) Agnes Smith, b. Dec. 17, 1853

                        (5) Willis Monroe, b. Apr. 8, 1857.

332.     v.         Edward, b. 1817, d. young.

333.     vi.        Edward Richardson, b. Portland, March 3, 1820, m. Victoria B, Gibbes.

333.     vii.       James Monroe,[should be 334] b. 1822, removed to New Orleans, merchant. Intending to establish himself in business in Para, Brazil, he Left N. O. in 1854, by steamer, which proceeded only so far as the windward islands and returned, landing her passengers at Baltimore. After a visit to Portland he took passage at Salem, in the near brig Garland, belonging to d. Pingree, Esq., for his former destination and the vessel was never afterwards heard of.


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334.     viii.      Lucy Ellen, b. Portland, Me. 1825, m. East Feliciana, La., m. 18      Smith, Esq. of that place.

335.     ix.        Mary Louisa, b. Portland, 1827, d. Young.

            182.     William Lawrens Poole7, son of James6, and Eunice Chaplin, (Wm.5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Portland, Me., June 6, 1804, removed to South Carolina and in 1823 established at Cheraw a newspaper called the Intelligence, which he edited for a year, when he married and settled in Charleston, engaging in Mercantile pursuits.  His wife, whom he married in Cheraw, May 12, 1824, was Miss. Mary C. Cotton of Charleston. In May 1832 he purchased the old Charleston City Gazette, and in that paper combatted vigorously the heresies of nullification and secession until the compromise of the tariff policy supported by Mr. Clay, was accepted by Mr. Calhoun, and his school of state rights politicians.  President Jackson, in 1834, appointed him to a Captaincy in the Army, and for eight years he was in service of the S. C. Arsenal, and was several times honored with the thanks of the War Department for his able administration of the affairs of that important post.  Resigning his commission in 1842, he removed to New Orleans and established himself in legal and notarinal pursuits, which he has ever since continued successfully to follow.  He has for many years been a constant contributor to the periodical press, presenting his views upon state and national politics with clearness and force and on his occasional visits to other and distant parts


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of the country has not failed to record his observations for the benefit of the public, which has given them a generous and appreciative welcome.  He opposed the resort to arms in the settlement of the political difficulties growing out of the institution of slavery, but after the commencement of the War, was found with most of the conservative men of the south, in sympathy with the cause in which their section had adopted and had pursued with such untiring zeal.

            By his wife Mary Cotten he had the following children.

336.     i.          William Lawrens, jr., b. Cheraw, S. C., Aug. 9, 1825, d. young.

337.     ii.         Thomas Jefferson, b. Cheraw, Oct. 4, 1827, d. Indianola, Tex. 1874, m. N. O. April 1858 Was a Captain in the Southern Army during the War of 1861-5.

338.     iii.        Mary Cotten, b. Cheraw, July 2, 1829, M. N. O. 1848.

339.     iv.        Eugenia Caroline, b. Cheraw, Oct. 28, 1831, d. N. O. 1844.

340.     v.         Lawrens W.  b. Portland, Me. 1833, a resident and lawyer of Astoria, Washington Ter., prominent in political affairs, nominee of his party for district judge in “75 in which he was defeated by only two votes.

341.     vi.        Rosa. B. Fort Moultrie, S. C., 1835, d. young.


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342.     vii.       Clarendon J., b. Charleston, S. C., 1837, d.y.

343.     viii.      Ann Eliza b. Charleston, S. C. 1839, d. N. O. infancy

344.     vix.      James B., b. Charleston, S. C. 1841 d. Frontera, Tobasco, Mexico, 10th Sept. 1875.  Was United States Consul and Commercial Agent at that place.  He was an officer in the Confederate Army in the early days of the War, served a year in Virginia; returned to New Orleans on its capture in 1862 by Farragut, let the city a few days after for Texas; was in the naval engagement on Red river against the U. S. Gunboats and being severely wounded was reported dead.  He subsequently recovered and was placed on Gen. Kirby Smith’s staff on which he served till the end of the War, after which he joined his elder brother at Matanwoos and conducted a large commercial business, until his appointment to the Vice Consulate of Tobasco, which he held for several years.

345.     x.         Caroline E. b. New Orleans, 1843, m.[d.] N.O. 1846.

346.     xi.        Christiana, b. N. O. 1847, d. young at N. O.

347.     xii.       Charles G. b. N. O. 1851, d. young at N. O.

   189.  Benjamin Fletcher Poole7, son of Benj.6 and Sarah Fletcher (Wm.5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. Hollis, N. H., July 11, 1800, m. Hollis, Feb. 8, 1824, Rebecca Spaulding, dau. of Charles and Rebecca (Spaulding) Eastman, b. June 27, 1804.  By occupation he is a farmer and cooper, and by his wife Rebecca had


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348.     v.[i.]     Benjamin Bonaparte, b. Hollis, July 23, 1824 a farmer and resides at Byfield, Mass., m. Nov. 7, 1854, Hester Ann Benner, b. East Pittston, Me. Oct. 22, 1827, no issue.

349.     ii.         Susan Rebecca, b. Hollis, Mar. 30 1827, m. July 27, 1853, Thomas, son of Thomas and Cynthia (Hopkins) Proctor, b. May 21, 1823, d. July 13, 1866  Their children:-

            (1)        Frank Farley Proctor, b. Aug. 31, 1855

            (2)        William Thomas, b. Nov. 20, 1858.

350.     iii.        James Van Buren, b. Hollis, Feb. 28, 1829; m. 1st Mary Corey, 2d. Sarah Wetherbee.

351.     iv         William Fletcher b. May 11, 1830 m. Sophia Terry.

352.     v.         Sarah Francis, b. May 7, 1833, unm.

            193.     John Langden Poole7, son of Benj.6 (Wm.5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. Hollis, N. H. March 30, 1810, m. Feb. 26,1834, Mary, dau. of Moses and Hannah Boynton.  He is a farmer, resides at Hollis, and by wife Mary had –

353.     i.          John H., b. Hollis, Dec. 12, 1835, m. Nov. 26, 1863, Ellen L., dau. of Eben and Elizabeth Runnels, b. Oct. 30, 1837; By occupation a provision merchant, Boston.  No issue.

354.     ii          George L., b. Dec. 12, 1839, d. Jan. 29, 1842.

355.     iii.        Charles M., b. Mar. 20, 1841, d. Jan. 25, 1842.

356.     iv.        Elizabeth M., b. Dec. 27, 1842, m. May 27, 1869, Winslow J., son of Colonel Stillman and Ann (Holden) Spaulding, b. Hollis, Mar. 19, 1843.  By occupation, clerk, Boston.

            197.     Samuel Poole7, son of Ebenezer6 (Sam’l5, Benj.4


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, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. Jaffrey, N. H., Nov. 23, 1804 removed to Roxbury, thence to Ashland, Mass., where he followed the business of a blacksmith, and d. Oct. 18, 1871.  He m. Oct. 8, 1828, Clarissa, dau. of Benjamin and Anna Morse, b. Moultonboro, N. H., Mar. 31, 1807.  Their children, b. in Roxbury were:-

357.     i.          Martha Shed8, b. July 21, 1829, d. May 7, 1833

358.     ii.         Samuel Emery8, b. July 16, 1832, m. Sept. 30, 1868, Mary S., dau. of Elias and Harriet Grout, b. Ashland, May 7, 1850.  By occupation a farmer, resides at Ashland: 1 ch.

359.     i.          Charles Grout9, b. June 18, 1870.

            202.     John Ward Poole7, son of Ebens6 (Sam’l5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Jaffrey, N.H. Aug. 3, 1812, d. Jan. 17, 1875, m. 1st, Sept. 17, 1835, Edith P., dau. of Abel and Mary Cutter, b. Jaffrey, Feb. 17, 1816, d. July 23, 1838, by whom he had no issue. He m. 2d, April 30, 1839, Dorothy, dau. of Aaron Holt of Troy, N.H., b. Feb. 28, 1817, d. April 19, 1840 leaving no issue.  He m. 3d, Nov. 12, 1840, Sybil B., dau. of John and Mary Cutter, b. Jaffrey, N. H., Oct. 14, 1819, d. Aug. 31, 1865.  Their children were:-

360.     i.          Joel H.8, b. Jan. 1, 1842 –

361.     ii.         John Ward8, b. Mar. 21, 1846.

362.     iii.        Mary Cutter8, b. July 9, 1856, m. July 26,


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            1875, Louis K., son of James and Nancy Howe, b. June 7, 1850, a teacher, residing, Plymouth, Wisconsin.  No issue.

203.     William M. 7,  son of Ebenezer6 (Sam’l5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Aug. 10, 1814, Jaffrey, N.H.  Removed, Nov. 1840 to Livermore Centre, Me., where he m. Emeline, dau. of John and Abigail Sanders, b. Livermore, Jan. 18, 1812. He is a farmer by occupation. Residence – Livermore Centre. Their children:-

363.     i.          Francis E. 8, b. Nov. 2, 1841, d. Apr. 20, 1853.

364.     ii.         Emeline A. 8, b. Aug. 29, 1843, m. Sept. 3, 1871, Henry White8[8 shouldn’t be here], of Lynn, Mass., and d. there Mar. 6, 1875, leaving 1 ch. (1) Arthur L. White, b. June 5, 1872.

365.     iii         Olive W. 8, b. Dec. 11, 1846, m. Dec. 19, 1868, Arthur B., son of Sears and Judith Latharn, b. Buckfield, Me., Nov. 30, 1842.  Their children

            (1) Ira M. Latham, b. June 16, 1870.

            (2) Mabel E., b. Nov. 20, 1872.

366.     iv.        Abigail S. 8, b. Nov. 16, 1853.

367.     v.         Francis E8, b. Apr. 16, 1855.

368.     vi.        William Wallace8, b. July 16, 1857.

            201.     Ebenezer Poole7,  son of Ebenr. 6 (Sam’l5, Benj.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. Jaffrey,


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N. H., July 5, 1810, m. Roxbury, Mass., Dec. 15, 1839, Clarissa Dinsdell,  He was a mariner, his last voyage being from the Pacific to Boston, where resided.  He d. at the Sandwich Islands, no date recorded. Their children:-

369.     i.          Charles H. b. 1834, drowned at sea.

370.     ii.         William W. b. 1837.

371.     iii.        Ebenezer, b. 18 [??]

   207.  George Poole7, son of Thos6 (Thomas5, Sam’l4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. North Woburn, Mass., Dec. 10, 1798, d. June 26, 1875, m. Dec. 31, 1823, Clarissa b., dau. of Ezra and Lydia (Richardson) Kimball, b. New Ipswich, N. H., Nov. 21, 1803.  Shoe Manuf. Their children were:-

372.     i.          Mary Hartshorne8, b. Nov. 6, 1826, m. May 30, 1850, Isaac S., son of Richard and Jerusha (Green) Alley of N. Woburn, b. Oct. 17, 1816, d. July 10, 1865.  Was engaged in the shoe manufacture.  Left 1 child:

            (1) Charles Alley9, b. May 14, 1851.

373.     ii.         George Otis8, b. Dec. 1, 1830 resides in Lynn, is in the shoe business; m. July 28, 1870, Eleanor, dau. of John and Mary Wayland, b. St. John’s N. B., Apr. 11, 1844; one ch.

374.                 (1) Caroline Baldwin9, b. Lynn, Oct. 23, 1873.

375.     iii.        Charles Hubbard8, b. Dec. 12, 1834, resides in North Woburn, m. Admah Edgcomb.

376.     iv.        Parker Thompson8, b. Dec. 5, 1838, d. June 21, 1875.


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377.     v.         Franklin C.8, b. Mar. 30, 1844, unm.

   209.  Jefferson Thomas Poole7, son of Thos.6 (Thomas5, Sam’l4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. N. Woburn, Mar, 9, 1803; d. a twin with Jeff.2[7?] Thos., Boston 1853 m. 18  , and had –

378.     i.          Charles H. 8, b. 18  [??]

   210.  Thomas Jefferson Poole7, b. Woburn, Mar 9, 1803, a twin with Jefferson Thomas; m. Woburn, Apr. 15, 1828, Rhoda Thompson, dau. of Stephen (of Reading) and Abigail (Tidd) Nichols, b. Woburn, May 4, 1810, d. July 3, 1863.  Is engaged in the shoe business.  Their children:-

379.     i.          Amanda Francis8, b. Woburn, Oct. 17, 1829, d. Oct. 21, 1834.

380.     ii.         Abby Frances8, b. Woburn, April 6, 1837, m. June 11, 1857 Harrison Buckman, of Marion, Ia. 1 child Nettie Mary Buckman9, b. June 11, 1858.

381.     iii.        Vian8, b. Aug. 15, 1842, d. Oct. 18, 1842.

            211.     Rufus Poole7, b. son of Thomas6 (Thos.5, Sam’l4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. N. Woburn, Mass. Mar. 10, 1805.  Yeoman, residence N. Woburn – m. Jan. 20, 1833, Susan, dau. of Joel and Lydia Gleason, b. Feb. 3, 1812;  Their children:-

382.     i.          Rufus F. 8, b. Feb. 23, 1839, m. Marion Lindsay.

383.     ii.         Edwin8, b. Oct. 4, 1845.

384.     iii.        Ella Frances8, b. Oct. 7, 1851, m. April 6,


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1871, Porter, son of Oliver and Aurora F, Huntington, b. Lynn, April 29, 1839.  A trader and resides Lynn.  One ch. (1) Edwin K. Huntington, b. Sept. 13, 1872.

            218.     William Poole7, (Col.) son of Ward6 (William5, Zachariah4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1), b. Danvers, Jan. 21, 1794, d. June 10, 1821, m.    1819, Sarah, dau. of John and brother of Caleb Smith of Danvers, Mass., but had no issue.  He was highly popular, of fine personal presence, and noted for his interest in military affairs. He was a member of a company of minute men formed during the war of 1812, for military duty on the sea coast, composed of the most substantial citizens of the town.  This organization was twice called into active service by a threatened landing of British forces from the fleet crusing off the coast in 1812-13.  Through the vigilance of the troops ordered to watch their movements the enemy’s design was frustrated, though his cruisers were often in sight and evidently prepared to land if a favorable opportunity offered.  At the time of his decease, he held the rank of Lieut.-Colonel commanding the Essex (Danvers) Regiment, and was reputed a very efficient officer. His death at the early age of 27 was esteemed a public loss, and was greatly lamented.  He was also noted for metrical composition and musical extemporization.

            221.     Ward Poole jr. 7, son of Ward6 (William5, Zach.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Jan. 30, 1799, d. May 22, 1864.  His father’s property , a handsome estate for


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the period, descending to his children by the former’s will, was charged with an annuity for his benefit, and remained nearly intact till the youngest child became of age, when it was duly divided. He m. Jan. 21, 1819, Eliza, dau. of Abel and Mary (Mead) Wilder of Keene, N. H., b. Apr. 6, 1801, d. Jan. 21, 1859.  She was a lady of uncommon charms of person and manner, and tradition give us warrant for recording that at their marriage a handsomer couple had rarely been seen. In all her subsequent life, as a helpmate, hostess, wife and mother, she bore out fully the promise of her youth, and the Christian graces of her character diffused over all who knew her the glow of a constant benediction.

            They removed (1835) and resided on a farm in Worcester, Mass. for some years, but returned (Dec. 1850) to the old homestead after the birth of the youngest child, where the family continued to live until the death of the parents, when it was occupied by the eldest son and his family.  Mr. Poole was of an ingenious turn, and his inventive genius, had circumstances compelled its due development, would doubtless have produced results both memorable and useful.  Though possessing some eccentricities of character, his manners were graceful and winning, and he so conciliated the good will of all that he probably never made an enemy during his whole life.  The children of this family were:-

385.     i.          Joshua Hall, b. Oct. 15, 1819, d. Salem, Apr. 4, 1877, m. Nancy Bulkley.

386.     ii.         William Frederick, b. Dec. 21, 1821, m.


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Fanny Gleason.

387.     iii.        Henry Ward, b. Sept. 13, 1825, unm. D. in Mexico Oct. 21, 1890.

388.     iv.        Lucius, b. Jan. 3, 1833; unm. Resides in Boston, is a painter and decorative artist.

389.     v.         Eliza Wilder, b. Aug. 1, 1835, m. Dec. 13, 1856; d. in Aug. 1893.

Edward Warren Jacobs of Peabody, son of Warren M. and Rebecca King (Proctor_ Jacobs, b. May 31, 1832; manufacturer, president National Bank, Peabody: Their children:

(1)   Helen Warren, b. Aug. 19, 1859.

(2)   Eliza Endicott, b. Mar. 27, 1864.

390.     vi.        George Sauger, b. July 28, 1839, m. Sarah Poor Osborn.

391.     vii.       Joseph Converse, b. May 5, 1844, d. Feb. 17, 1845.

            224.     Fitch Poole7, Jr., son of Fitch6 and Elizabeth (Culter) (William5, Zachariah4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. South Danvers, now Peabody, June 13, 1803, d. Aug. 19, 1873, m. July 8, 1874 Mary Anne, dau. of Enoch and Sarah (Shillabor) Poor and niece of Rev. Daniel Poor, D. D., Missionary to Ceylon, b. South Danvers, May 14, 1806.  He was for 20 years the well known librarian of the Peabody Institute, founded by George Peabody of London in his native place.  Early in life he was engaged in business in the firm of Poole and Jacobs, extensive manufacturers of Morocco, but retired


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In 1852 and accepted the position on the newly established institute which was so congenial to his tastes as a literary man. He was also editor for some years of the Danvers Courier, and established and edited for a considerable period the “Wizard” a popular weekly contributing many sparkling essays to its columns.  For many years he had been accustomed to bestow his literary favors upon the Salem newspapers, among which productions were the celebrated “Lawrence Conant Letter”, “The Lament of the Bats”, “Deacon Jone’s Brewery”, “Devil’s Dishfull”, and numerous other articles in prose and poetry.

            Bridgman, in his Pilgrims of Boston, alludes to Mr. Poole as “the Poet of Danvers”. Dr. Andrew Nichols in his Centennial poem, introduces the name of Mr. Poole as an “artist” of whom the town may proudly boast.  This alludes to his skill in drawing and modelling in clay, he having produced several busts of members of his own family, and an admired group from Irving’s Knickerbocker’s History of New York, representing the three Dutch Governors, Walter the Doubter, Peter the Headstrong and William the Testy.  His articles are generally of a quaint and humorous character, suggested by passing events of by his industrious researches in the domain of local history.  Such is the popularity of some of these pieces that they have been frequently reprinted in various newspapers and periodicals in different parts of the country.

            He never craved political preferment, but was


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induced to represent the town in the State legislature for two terms, (during one of which, the session of 1840, he wrote a rhymed account of his colleagues, introducing those whose names had a meaning) and served as selectman and trustee of the public schools of the town for many consecutive years.  He was in early life, like his father, an officer of the volunteer militia, afterwards president of the Mechanic’s Institute, and the Danvers Lyceum, and delivered interesting lecture before the latter body on “Banks and Banking” and other subjects.  In the Masonic fraternity he was an honored member, and held all the offices in the lodge, besides being frequently called upon to deliver poems or lectures on occasion of ceremony of festivity.  His obsequies were attended by a large body of citizens and strangers, to whom he has become known by his writings, and it may truly be said that his decease was universally lamented  “There is one among you now, I see him here, whose humorous and brilliant pen brings laughter and delight to may a fireside, and of whom I will only say, - he writes too little”.  Judge Endicott’s address, Danvers Centennial 1852.  At the Centennial celebration of Danvers in 1852, a poem by Mr. Fitch Poole was read entitled, “Gile’s Corey’s Dream, a ballad of 1692”, of which an extract is given on page 21, and which has been frequently reprinted.  This vision of Corey was an account of the manners and habits of the present day, in


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contrast with those of 1692, as they might be supposed to appear to a person of that period.

            By his wife Mary Ann (Poor) he had the following children:-

392.     i.          William, b. Nov. 8, 1824, d. July 25, 1846, at the early age of 21, a young man of great promise, having made remarkable progress in the study of physical science in which his abilities were distinguished. He undertook a voyage to Cuba for his health, impaired by the close application to the study of the medical profession to which he was devoted, but died shortly after his return.  He published articles on the “Comet of 1843” and “observations on the zodiacal light”, which attracted attention in the scientific quarters and were highly commended.

933.     ii.         Francis, b. Feb. 7, 1827, d. Feb. 8, 1871.  He was remarkable from early youth for a somewhat precocious literary talent, and was well grounded in classical studies, but was modestly diffident of his own power so that beyond his own intimate associates his accomplishments were hardly known.  He aided his father in the publication of the Courier, and the Wizard, being a printer by profession, and at the date of his death, which was sudden from acute inflammation, was employed upon the Peabody Press.

394.     iii.        Elizabeth, b. June 12, 1829, d. Dec. 4, 1832.

395.     iv.        Theodore, b. July 14, 1832, d. Jan. 23, 1858, m. Maria E. Boyden.


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396.     v.         Sarah, b. March 25, 1834, d. Oct. 12, 1835.

397.     vi.        Horace, b. Dec. 18, 1836, m. Frances F. Langworthy of Dubuque, Ia.

398.     vii.       Elizabeth Frost, b. April 29, 1839, m. Sept. 21, 1860 George W. Benson, of Salem son of Capt. Sam’l and Sarah Maria (Prentiss) Benson, b. Salem, Sept. 25, 1835, a merchant and banker of Boston – residence Salem: Their children:

            (1) Georgianna Maria Benson b. Nov. 16, 1861.

            (2) Frank Weston                  b. Mar. 24, 1863

            (3) John Prentiss                    b. Feb. 8, 1866.

            (4) Harry Perkins                   b. Feb. 30, 1868.

            (5) Arthur Fitch                     b. Aug. 27, 1870.

(6) Elizabeth Poole                b. Mar. 7, 1872.

399.     viii.      Arthur Fitch b. Sept. 24, 1844, m. Martha West.

400.     ix.        Edmund Alden b. June 21, 1847, m. Laura Anna Mackintosh of Salem, Mass.

   226.  Leonard Poole7, son of Fitch6, sr. (William5, Zach.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. South Danvers, Jan. 12, 1807, d. Oct. 6, 1859, m. Oct. 4, 1833 Mary Mead, dau. of Abel Wilder of Keen, N. H. b. Oct. 16, 1807, d. Mar. 2, 1886.  After some years of a seafaring life, during which he was shipwrecked and held captive by the Fijii [Fiji] Islanders of the South Pacific, he settled in his native town as a manufacturer of morocco and leather, and dealer in wool, and was noted for strict business integrity and public spirit.


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The children of Leonard Poole and Mary were:-

401.     i.          Mary Wilder, b. Oct. 16, 1834, d. March 7, 1841.

402.     ii.         Emily Herrick, b. Feb. 1, 1837.  She was named for her mother’s sister, wife of Rev. Osgood Herrick of Millburg, Mass., who after his decease m. Rev. Elisha Rockwood of Swanzey, N. H.  Emily H. is an accomplished musician and a successful teacher; m. Rev. Geo. N. Anthony Oct. 1880, d. Jan. 28, 1883.

403.     iii.        Sarah Webster, b. Apr. 13, 1846, d. Dec. 20, 1856. Named for another sister of her mother, Sarah B. W., wife of Daniel P. Rockwood, of Bridport, Vt. A lovely child and singular precocious talent.

   229.  Edward Poole7, son of Fitch6, senr. (William5, Zach.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. May 15, 1812, d. Keene, N. H., May 7, 1847; m. June 6, 1836, Elvira P. dau. of Asel Wilder of Keene, b. Nov 29, 1814.  He was a jeweler, having entered in 1829 and served a regular apprenticeship in Providence, R. I. at the establishment of the Messrs. Goodhue, and after passing some time in the employment of the celebrated firm of Jones, Lowes and Ball, of Boston, opened a place of business in Keen, which he continued till his death in 1847.  He possessed much ingenuity and mechanical skill, and was noted for artistic taste in the art of engraving.  At the time M. Daguerre of Paris published his process of taking


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sun-pictures by the solar camera upon silvered plates about 1840.  Mr. Poole at once repeated his experiments, and produced excellent specimens of Daguerreotype likenesses long before any of the pictures arrived from Europe.  He constructed several models of steam engines embracing ingenious improvements, and exhibited at a mechanics’ fair on one occasion and engine in running order, the weight of which, including the boiler, was only twenty-eight grains, and whose balance wheel was taken from an English watch.  His health from confinement at his business, failed him in his 36th year, when he died, having had by his wife Elvira the following children:-

404.     i.          Elizabeth Wilder, b. March 16, 1836, d. Sept. 28, 1869, m. June 23, 1868, Julius W. Morse of Keene, Editor of the Keene No Issue.

405.     ii.         George Edward, b. Sept. 10, 1840, m. Harriet J. Sherman.

406.     iii.        Helen, b. Jan. 23, 1845, d. Nov. 17, 1846.

   234.  Charles Henry Poole7, son of Fitch6, Senr. (Wm.[5], Zachr.4, Jona3, Jona.2 John1) b. Feb. 5, 1825, m. March 25, 1850, Mary Abbie, dau. of Stephen and Abby (Floyd) Daniels of Salem.  Died Jan. 25, 1880.  Was intended for the journalistic profession and was for some time in the office of the Salem Register and for a brief period assisted his brother Fitch in the publication of the Danvers Wizard; received an appointment to the Military Academy at W. Point in 1844, where he spent two


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years, and was thereafter engaged in surveying and civil engineering in Boston and vicinity until 1852, when he was appointed assistant in the survey of the river and harbor of San Diego, California under Capt. Derby of the U. S. Topographical Engineers (better known perhaps as the humorist “John Phenix”) and was successively charged with the duties of the U. S. Surveyor of the public lands in that state, engineer of the San Diego and Gila Railroad and County Surveyor of San Diego, and in 1837 received the appointment of Assistant to the Engineer of the 8th Light house District, embracing the Gulf Coast from St. Marks, Florida, to the mouths of the Mississippi.  The war of secession out an end to this employment, and he remained at great personal risk an enforced quiet spectator of the events of that conflict, residing in Baldwin and Mobile counties in Alabama until the capture of the Bay forts by Farragut’s fleet and the occupation of Mobile by Gen. Canby’s forces, when he reported for service to Gen. Granger, the second in command, and was assigned to duty at Fort Morgan as engineer clerk of Works under Col. J. C. Palfrey, Corps of Engineers of his staff, whose headquarters were at New Orleans, having charge of repairs of the fortifications of the Gulf coast.  On being relieved in 1866 from this duty by the appointment of Lieut. Hezlep of the corps of engineers, as assistant engineer in charge, he proceeded to Washington in 1867, and received the appointment of Assistant to the Chief of the topographical division in the Post Office Department, where his duties were the construction of maps in the aid of


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the Postal Service in the United States.  Was author of “Report of Survey of the So. Pac. R. R.”[,] “Report of Drainage of Boston”, “Resources of San Diego Co., Cal.” And was contributor and correspondent of various newspapers and of the Knickerbocker Magazine.

            The children of Charles Henry and Mary A. were –

407.     i.          Grace Cutler, b. Sept. 8, 1854, San Diego, Cal.  A graduate of the public schools of Washington and subsequently a teacher there and in Fairfax County, Va, d. July 15, 1880.

408.     ii.         Charles Clarence, b. Benecia, Nov. 27, 1856. An engineer, draughtsman and mechanical expert and inventor.  He was employed in 1873-4 & 5 in the U. S. Survey and construction of the maps of the extension of the Cumberland Canal in Md. and Pennsylvania under Col. W. E. Merrill of the Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army.

409.     iii.        George Derby, b. Mobile, Ala. Oct. 17, 1863, d. Salem, Mass. Aug. 23, 1865.

410.     iv.        Mary Gertrude, b. Washington, D. C. Aug. 19, 1867, d. Sept. 26, 1872.

   235.  Leonard Poole8, son of Luke7 and Susannah (Bates) (Jona.6, Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Reading, Oct. 22, 1801, d. Worcester, Mass. May 13, 1862, m. Oct. 7, 1827, Lydia, dau. of John and Lydia Earle, b. Worchester Nov. 6, 1808, d. Feb., 3, 1853.  He was a blacksmith and machinist by occupation and a prominent officer in the militia.  Their children:-


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411.     i.          Leonard Hill9, b. May 12, 1829, m. May 27, 1851, Emma Jane Coffin, and resides San Francisco Cal.

412.     ii.         Horace Waksfield9, b. May 31, 1831. Residence Fitchburg, Mass. by occupation an engineer and machinist; m. Sept. 9, 1861, Anna Maria, dau. of John and Julia Ager of Rutland, Mass. b. Feb. 14, 1839.  No issue.

413.     iii.        John Earle9, b. Worcester, Mass. Mar. 4, 1833, d. East Boston, Aug. 30, 1872, m. Mar. 6, 1938, Rebecca G. Dunbar.

414.     iv.        Mary Earle9, b. Worcester, Mass., May 19, 1836; m. Joseph S. Hill of Boston.

415.     v.         Ethelinde Earle9, b. Worc., Mass. May 27, 1838 for several years accountant in the office of the Comptroller of the Currency U. S. Treasury Department, Washington; d. Oct. 1878.

416.     vi.        William Henry9, b. Worcester, July 20, 1842, d. June 14, 1847.

417.     vii.       Sarah Frances9, b. Worcester, May 13, 1845, m. Nov. 5, 1867, William, S., son of Stephen 6[T?] and Sophrenia E. Badger of Concord, N. H. b. May 28, 1839, residence East Somerville, Mass., a clerk by occupation. Their children (1) a son b. and d. July 28, 1868; (2) Walter Colby Badger, b. Aug. 7, 1869; (3) Etha Mary b. Jan 16, 1873, d. Feb. 14, 1875; (4) Sarah Darling, b. Nov. 29, 1875.


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418.     viii.      Frederick9, b. Cambridge, Mass. July 19, 1847.

419.     ix.        Ella Sophia9, b. Worcester, June 23, 1850, a clerk in the U. S. Pension Office, Dept. of the Interior, Washington.

420.     x.         Lydia Earle9, b. Worcester, Jan. 10, 1853.

   237.  Charles Poole8, son of Luke7 and Susannah (Jona.6 Jona.5, John4,[ Jona3,] Jona.2 John1) b. Cambridge, Mass. Aug. 1, 1806, d. Charlestown, Mass., Mar. 6, 1863, m. Nov. 1, 1832, Charlotte, dau. of William and Sally (Harris) Green of Charlestown, b. June 14, 1809, d. Somerville, Mass. Dec. 11, 1872.  For many years he was City Clerk of Charlestown.  Children:-

421.     i.          Charlotte, b. Charlestown, Dec. 3, 1833, m. Mar. 13, 1855, George Hosea, son of Hosea and Rebecca (Sanderson) Rugg, of Boston, b. Northboro, Mass. Aug. 23, 1832, Manufacturer (house of Faribanks, Brown & co. Patent scales) whose children were :- (1) Carrie Louisa Rugg b. Aug. 11, 1860 (2) George Bigelow Cheever Rugg, b. Dec. 21, 1870, both at Charlestown, Mass.

422.     ii.         Susan Hill, b. Sept. 15, 1835, m. Oct. 8, 1863, Franklin Augustus, son of Lyman and Elvira Titus, b. Wolcott, Vermont, Nov. 29, 1837, and their children were (1) Ella Augusta Titus, b. Charlestown, Nov. 2, 1868 (2) Anna Louisa, b. Oct. 4, 1871.

423.     iii.        Mary Ellen, b. Aug. 22, 1837.


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424.     iv.        Charles Field, b. May 15, 1839.

425.     v.         William Henry, b. Nov. 2, 1841.

426.     vi.        Persis Bates, b. Nov. 12, 1843, d. Nov. 23, 1852.

427.     vii.       Francis Albert, b. Mar. 8, 1848, m. Florence A. Heath.

428.     ix.        Anne Elizabeth, b. Oct. 31, 1850.

   242.  Alexis Poole8, son of Lot7 and Lydia (Parker) (Jona.6, Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Reading Aug. 6, 1806, d. Mar. 1865 Jamaica Plain, West Roxbury, m. May 4, 1831, Charlestown, Mindwell W. Harrington of Worcester.  He was elected to the office of doorkeeper of the House of Representatives of the Legislature of Mass. in 1854 and re-elected in 1855 and was a faithful and efficient officer.  Children:-

429.     i.          Harriet9 b. Oct. 31, 1832, m. 1857 Arthur, son of Ezra and Persis Taylor, of Boston, b. 1832; Merchant and produce dealer in Boston, residence Sharon, Mass.  One child Frank Authur10 b. 1864 d. 1874.

430.     ii.         Lot9, b. June 21, 1834, d. about 1839.

431.     iii.        Lilas9, b. May 19, 1836, m. May 3, 1874, Eldora b,[B.] dau. of Martin L. and Mary S. Lucas, b. Aug. 11, 1845.  Occupation, merchant, residence Jamaica Plain, West Roxbury; one child:

432.     i.          Lilas F b. May 5, 1875.

   247.  Henry Strong Poole8, son of Lot7 (Jona.6,


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Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Reading Oct. 13, 1815, (another account gives date Oct. 15, 1816) d. Boston Aug. 29, 1843, m. Nov. 28, 1839 Lydia Fuller, dau. of Benjamin and Abigail (Fuller) Judkins, b. Oct. 12, 1818, (After his decease she married 2d, Sept. 25, 1860 Rev. Jona. Edwards Woodbridge of Auburndale, Mass.)  Children:-

433.     i.          Frances Angeline, b. Nov. 25, 1840, m. July 13, 1870, William S. son of Rev. Jona. Edwards and Catherine (Starkweather) Woodbridge, b. June 30, 1845, and had:-

            (1) Jona. Edwards Woodbridge, b. Jan. 30, 1872.

            (2) Catharine Woodbridge, b. Dec. 26, 1873.

434.     ii.         Henry Judkins, b. April 25, 1842, a soldier in War of Rebellion.  Mass. Inf. And was killed in action at battle of Fredericksburg, Va. Dec. 13, 1862.

252.  Samuel Poole8, son of Lot7 (Jona.6, Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Reading, Feb. 13, 1826, m. 1st Dec. 6, 1848 Maria, dau. of Josiah and Clarissa Gilmore, b. Nov. 16, 1827, d. Oct. 4, 1851, and m. 2d Worcester, Nov. 9, 1852, Abby Temple, dau. of Ezra and Arethusa Gleason, b. Mar. 21, 1833; children, the first by Maria Gilmore.

435.     i.          Clara Isabella, b. June 4, 1850, d. June 12, 1866.

438.     ii.         Henry Bigelow, b. Aug. 28, 1853.


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437.     iii.        Charles Temple, b. Aug. 1, 1857.

254.  Albert Harris Poole8, son of Seth7 (Sam’l.6, Jona.5, John4, John3, Jona.2 John1) b. Yarmouth Nova Scotia, Mar. 19, 1808, d. Saxonville, Mass., Oct. 30, 1853, m. Halifax, N. S, Aug. 13, 1835, Elizabeth, dau. of Elias J. and Agnes Hobson, b. Halifax, N. S, Jan. 15, 1810.  He was Captain in the Merchant service, sailing between New York Boston and Halifax to Liverpool.  His children were:

438.     i.          Ann Harris9, b. St. John N. B. June 8, 1837, m. Saxonville, Mass. July 18, 1860, Augustus Pfaltz b. Offenbach, Germany, 1827, d. Saxonville, Mar. 2, 1867.  Was by occupation a dyer.  Their only child was (1) Anna Amelia Pfaltz10 b. April 26, 1861.

439.     ii.         Albert William9, b. St. John, N. B., Feb. 1, 1840, d. Dec. 30, 1860.

440.     iii.        Mary Bell9, b. Liverpool, Eng. Nov. 21, 1841, d. Liverpool, Feb. 5, 1844.

441.     iv.        James Hobson b. Liverpool, Jan. 3, 1846; resides Boston, Mass. by occupation a piano fort manufacturer.

256.     Seth Barnes Poole8, son of Seth7 (Sam’l S.6