My name is Barry Briggs and my wife is Anne Poole Borchelt Briggs. This series of web pages documents three diaries written by her Great Grandfather Horace Poole.


Horace Poole was born on December 18, 1837 in Peabody, Massachusetts, the son of Fitch and Mary Poor Poole.Of English ancestry, the first of the family came to Massachusetts in the 1630's. Horace spent his boyhood in the area of the world famous Boston Harbor, where he watched the arrival and departure of great sailing ships.Upon graduating from high school, he decided he would like to join the crew of a clipper ship and work his way to the China coast.He was very determined in his wish to make this adventure, so his father decided to help him locate a good ship with a reputable captain.By this year of 1855, flogging was illegal, but was still practiced by many unprincipled captains, along with other cruelties to the crews.So it was important that Horace should sail with a good captain.The first diary chronicles his trip to Hong Kong in 1855. This diary (1855) is approximately 6 ľ x 7 Ĺ inches.


The second diary is the year 1860 in Dubuque, Iowa where he arrived in 1858 after finishing business school back east. He was 25 years old in December of 1860.This diary is 3 x 5 inches.


The third dairy covers 1861 and his service in the Civil War.It is 2 Ĺ x 4 inches.


These diaries were originally transcribed by Anneís mother and father, Tom and Carol Borchelt for a family reunion.We found the disks after he died.The original text was typed in upper case in Wordstar text processor.I converted the text to Microsoft Word and converted it to upper and lower case.To aid in verifying the accuracy of the text version, I scanned in the original diaries and converted them to jpeg format. I also embedded a hyperlink for the original diary page and added notes where information was included that was not part of the daily diary entries.For instance, in the first diary, there are many drawings of ships after the end of the entries.Another section in the back lists several loading and unloading lists and counts of cargo.


Condition:The diaries are in fairly good shape after 150 years.The challenge of scanning, or even reading them lies in the fact that some were in ink and the paper is thin so there is a tendency for the ink to bleed through to the previous page.Remember we are talking about nib type pens with an open bottle of ink.Waterman didnít patent the modern fountain pen until 1884.Many pages especially the Civil War diary are written in very light pencil on the now yellowed paper so the contrast is poor. I imagine it would be nearly impossible to carry pen and ink into the battlefield.I have used the scanner to enhance the contrast making the pages readable, especially if they are viewed larger than actual size. They are scanned at 600 dpi, so enlarge quite nicely.The 1860 diary although in ink, has 6 days on the two facing pages, so he often ran out of room and wrote at 90 degrees to finish, a common practice of the time where paper was expensive.For those cases I have provided images in both directions.


Hong Kong voyage on the N. B. Palmer 1855

Dubuque 1860

Civil War 1861


I didnít know what happened after the service related in the diary.We have a picture of Horace in a union uniform that says it was taken in New Orleans, but how did he get there and back in the army?


While I was looking for more information on the internet, I came across a blog written by Barbara Poole who still lives somewhatnear where Horace was born.She sent me pictures she had taken of a Genealogy manuscript written in 1876 by Charles Henry Poole detailing the lineage of the Poole family.She sent the pictures and I have transcribed them below, with links to the original.I suspect the original is not the original, but was transcribed from a hand written manuscript at a later date.When and who???


Her are the few pages that relate to Horace.The numbers in parentheses are the original page document numbers.


These pages are copied from a document written by Charles Henry Poole (b. Feb. 5, 1825, d. Jan. 25, 1880, brother of Fitch Jr. in the New England Historic Genealogical Library (NEHGS) in Boston.)The copies of pages 254-256 are transcribed below pertain to Horace Poole:




Apr. 10, 1802. m. Anne Noah (2 ch. d. young).

551††††† ii,†††††††† Georgianna9 , b. Apr. 17 1857 d. Apr.

22, 1858,


397.†††† Horace Poole8 son of Fitch. jr:7 (Fitch6

Wm5 Zach.4 Jona.3 Jona.2 Johnl) b. Dec. 18, 1836. Was educated for the mercantile profession, and in the year 1855 made a voyage from New York to China in the

ship N. B. Palmer, sailing Aug. 27, and arriving at Hong Kong, Dec. 24, of that year.After visiting Whampoa, Canton and Shanghai, he left the latter port March 18, 1856 for New York, arriving June 29. In Sept. of that year he went to Milwaukee, Wis., thence to Dubuque, Ia., Sept. 1858 where he engaged in business and continued until breading out of the war of the rebellion, when he enlisted as a private soldier in the 1st Iowa Infantry and served until August 1851, under the command of General Byon [Lyon] in the Southwestern part of Missouri.Was engaged in the minor skirmishes of Forsyth, Dug Springs and White Store, and in the battle of Wilsonís Creek where he narrowly escaped, Gen. Lyon falling very near him in that bloody conflict.After a successful retreat to Rolla, distant one hundred and twenty miles, he proceeded with his regiment to St. Louis, and was mustered out of service having served over a month beyond the term of enlistment.In July 1862, he was appointed and commissioned by Governor Kirkwood, as Adjutant of the Iowa Twenty-first regiment and was ordered into the field with Headquarters at Salem, Missouri,


Where, after serving as post adjutant till the arrival of the commanding General, Fitz Henry Warren, he was appointed aid-de-camp upon the staff of that officer.He served in that capacity until Gen. Warren was ordered to another Department, where he rejoined his company and regiment at Vicksburg, July 1863.Thence with his regiment he proceeded to New Orleans, and was ordered to duty at Headquarters on the staff of Major Gen. Banks as acting Adjutant General. He commanded the headquarters train in the Red River Expedition under that general and was with the Army in the Texas and Louisiana campaign.He participated in the actions of April 8, 1864, at Sabine Cross Roads and April 9 at Pleasant Hill.He was appointed by President Lincoln as Assít. Adjutant General in the Army with the rank of Capt. And confirmed by the Senate Feb. 29, 1864, and ordered in April to report to his old commander, Geníl Warren, then at Baton Rouge, La.After a service of twelve months ending in April, 1865, at their headquarters, he was ordered to report to Maj. Gen. Thomas, commanding the department of Cumberland, by whom he was assigned to duty by Genl. Brannan, Chief of Artillery, Army of the Cumberland with whom he served till the close of the War, and was mustered out of service June 26, 1865.

††††††††††† On his return to Dubuque he established himself in the commission and Wholesale grocery business, becoming head of the firm of Poole, Gilliam and Co. and doing a large and flourishing business, with extensive connections through the country.



He married Sept. 27, 1864 at Dubuque, Ia. Francis F Langworthy, son of Solon Langworthy and Julia (Patterson) of that place and had:-

552.†††† i.††††††††† Clark Langworthy Poole b. July 12, 1866.

552-a ii.††††††††† Horace Poole, b Feb. 3 1879.


††††††††††† 399.†††† Arthur Fitch Poole8 , son of Fitch, Jr.7


(Fitch6, Wm.5, Zach.4, Jona.3, Jona.2, John1)b. South Danvers, Sept. 24, 1844.Was clerk in drug store at the breading out of the War of the Rebellion, and enlisted as private in the 14th Mass. Infantry, which became afterwards the 1st Mass. Heavy Artillery and was stationed at the defences of Washington..He was detailed as Hospital Steward with his regiment, and then received the appointment of Hospital Steward in the regular Army.He was thereafter detailed as Corresponding Clerk in the office of the Surgeon General of the Army, which he held until mustered out of service at the termination of the war. He was employed soon after as book-keeper for the firm of Burrage Brothers & Co. wholesale woolen Merchants in Boston, and served until January 1876 when he was admitted as partner in the firm of Burrage, Cole & Co.He continued to reside at the old homestead in Peabody formerly S. Danvers in the house built in 1757 by his great grandfather William, He m. May 10 1866, Martha, Dau. Of Larkin and Mary (Groce) West, B. Beverly, Mass. Sept. 4 1845: Their ch.

553.†††† i.††††††††† Mary Elizabeth Poole b. Oct. 20, 1866.


††††††††††† 400.†††† Edmund Alden Poole8 , son of Fitch7, jr.



(Fitch6, Wm.5, Zach.4, Jona.3, Jona.2, John1)b. June 21, 1849.Was educated at the Boston Commercial College and became an accomplished penman, and after some experience as Clerk in the office of Registry of Deeds of Essex County at Salem, was appointed by selection through a competitive examination to a responsible position in the office of China Mutual Insurance Company of Boston where for many years he has been employed.

††††††††††† He m. Feb. 3, 1870, Laura, dau. Of John and Laura Anna (Massey) Mackintosh of Salem, b. April 2, 1848.

They had:-

††††††††††† 554.†††† i.††††††††† Francis Alden b. Oct. 25,1870.

††††††††††† 555.†††† ii.†††††††† George Benson,b. June 30, 1873.

††††††††††† 566.†††† iii.††††††† Laura Richardson b. Sept. 5 1877.


405.†††† George Edward Poole8 , son of Edward7(Fitch6, Wm.5, Zach.4, Jona.3, Jona.2, John1)b. Keene, H. H. Sept. 10, 1840.An ingenious mechanist and industrious collector of rare and curious specimens of woods and ligneous manufacture.He is engaged in fabrication articles of household decoration in which carving, turning and other ornamental features are introduced, and has been employed for several years by a large manufacturing Company in his native town.He m. Jan. 29, 1862, Harriet Hane, dau. Of Andrew Sherman, b. Sept. 5, 1840.Their children:-

557.†††† i.††††††††† Jennie Maria9, b. Keene, H.H. Nov. 28, 1862, d, July 13, 1865.

558.†††† ii.†††††††† Alice Elvira9 b. Apr. 20, 1866.